1AC – Farm Subsidy OverhaulPage| 3
- In order to remedy the U.S. policy failures of the past decades, we present to you the following
Congress and the President.
Mandates:(1) Reform the Conservation Stewardship Program.
CSP payments will be redefined to givesubsidies specifically to farmers who use sustainable agricultural methods as defined above.Payments shall mirror Cost-Share payments, which have complied with World Trade OrganizationStandards.
(2) Expand the CSP into the commodity subsidy program.
Congress shall replace Title Icommodity subsidies (with the exclusion of dairy subsidies) with CSP sustainable agriculturesubsidies; so that all of the subsidies formerly offered to farmers growing commodity crops willinstead be given to farmers using sustainable agriculture methods.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the USDA’sConservation Stewardship Program.
Shall come from the funding currently used for the distribution and enforcement of commodity subsidiesand CSP payments.- My partner and I reserve the right to clarify this plan in future speeches.Finally, we would like to offer the
for our plan…
Justification #1: Market Distortion
A. Commodity subsidy requirements result in a surplus of commodity crops, driving down the price of unhealthy foods made from these crops
- Senator Richard G. Lugar said in 2007 that:
“If the only thing wrong with the farm bill were that it took from the poor to give to the rich, it would rank high among our nation’s most perverse public policies. But there’s more. Not only does
unfairly subsidize wealthy farmers, it particularly
subsidizes a fewcommodity crops at the expense of other agricultural products.
five big crops
– wheat, cotton, corn, soybeans and rice –
rake in 90% of the subsidies. Thus we subsidize the manufacture of such things as high-fructose corn syrup andhydrogenated vegetable oils, in the process lowering the price of all
[of the] ‘junk food’
[that] parents aresupposed to discourage their kids from eating. Meanwhile, healthy [food]
snacks such as fresh fruits and vegetables, beingunsubsidized, are
[is] made relatively more expensive.”
Senator Richard G. Lugar [the longest serving U.S. Senator in Indiana history; graduated first in his class at Denison University in Granville,Ohio; attended Pembroke College at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, studying politics, philosophy and economics; has 40 honorarydegrees from colleges and universities in 14 states and the District of Columbia; was the fourth person ever named Outstanding Legislator by the American Political Science Association], “Agricultural subsidies take from poor, give to rich,” Article Published in the Kennebec Journal, November 9, 2007, http://lugar.senate.gov/farmbill/oped/75.cfm [PB] [brackets added]