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How to design your own R/C aircraft guide: Part 1 (Setting Specifications and Designing the Wing)

How to design your own R/C aircraft guide: Part 1 (Setting Specifications and Designing the Wing)

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Published by Daniel_M02139
Use this guide as a source of info on how to design your own radio controlled aircraft. In this informative guide, I will walk you through how to design an entirely new R/C aircraft.

In Part 1 we set the specifications and design the wing of our aircraft.

Search for Part 2 after readings this!
Use this guide as a source of info on how to design your own radio controlled aircraft. In this informative guide, I will walk you through how to design an entirely new R/C aircraft.

In Part 1 we set the specifications and design the wing of our aircraft.

Search for Part 2 after readings this!

More info:

Published by: Daniel_M02139 on Apr 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/16/2015

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1 |Page Copyright © 2009 the Malyuta Avionics logo is reserved
 
2 |Page Copyright © 2009 the Malyuta Avionics logo is reserved
Contents
1.
 
Introduction
………………………………………………………………...
32.
 
Setting specifications
……………………………………………………….
33.
 
Establish vertical performance and airspeed envelope
…….
44.
 
Wing design
……………………………………………………………………..
5
4.1 What affects what?......................................................................
5
4.2 Wing area
…………………………………………………………………………………
 
6
4.3 Wing loading
…………………………………………………………………………….
 
7
4.4 Aspect ratio (AR)

……………………………………………………………….
 
7
4.5 Wing taper
………………………………………………………………………………..
 
8
4.6 Wing sweep
………………………………………………………………………………
 
10
4.7 Wing dihedral
……………………………………………………………………………
 
12
4.8 Washout
…………………………………………………………………………………..
 
13
4.9 Aileron sizing
…………………………………………………………………………….
 
135.0 Our wing specifications
……………………………………………………….
146.0 Conclusion
…………………………………………………………………………..
16
Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………..
17
 
3 |Page Copyright © 2009 the Malyuta Avionics logo is reserved
1.
 
Introduction.
I am a modeler, just like you probably are, dear reader. This tutorial is intended for those of you,who are just getting started in this wonderful hobby- and obviously, need lots of advice on how todesign, build, fly. Looking through the web, I did not find one full, comprehensive walkthrough fordesigning an aircraft, where the author would set himself guidelines and talk through until the finaldesign. I will be a pioneer in doing this- and excuse me if I do not succeed in some areas.
Here, you will find references to software (almost all freeware, and those that aren’t
- have manyfreeware substitutes), many pictures, explanations, aerodynamics and what-not. I am writing thiswalkthrough for everyone- beginners will understand, and those of you that are advanced will profitas well.This is part one to this walkthrough, which will be broken up into four parts (part I: settingspecifications and designing the wing, part II: designing the fuselage and tail, part III: virtualprototype tests, Part IV: extras on flight mechanics).
2.
 
Setting specifications
Setting your design specifications is crucial- even if you in the end design a successful, flying,aircraft, you would have been designing
to make it fly
, not make it fly
the way you want
, and
 just making it fly is only half the job…
 This is a guideline for those who will be designing your own airplanes, here is a guideline takenfrom the awesome site http://www.airfieldmodels.com/index.html (to clear myself, I am not the owner of this list- check the bibliography):
o
 
Purpose of the model
o
 
Style
Modern, Old Timer, Scale, Sleek, etc.
o
 
Powerplant class
o
 
Flight time
o
 
Stability
Should the model be self-stabilizing, neutrally stable or somewhere inbetween?
o
 
Airspeed envelope
o
 
Vertical performance
o
 
Control response
o
 
Stall characteristics
o
 
Construction methods
Traditional wood,composite, etc.
o
 
Control system
o
 
Landing gear system
o
 
Break-down for transportation
o
 
Etc.
 
Fig. 1
Canard aircraft 

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