I am a modeler, just like you probably are, dear reader. This tutorial is intended for thoseof you, who are just getting started in this wonderful hobby- and obviously, need lots of advice on how to design, build, fly. Looking through the web, I did not find one full,comprehensive walkthrough for designing an aircraft, where the author would set himself guidelines and talk through until the final design. I will be a pioneer in doing this- and excuseme if I do not succeed in some areas.Here, you will find references to software (almost all freeware, and those that aren’t-have many freeware substitutes), many pictures, explanations, aerodynamics and what-not.I am writing this walkthrough for everyone- beginners will understand, and those of you thatare advanced will profit as well.This is part two to this walkthrough, which is be broken up into four parts (part I: settingspecifications and designing the wing, part II: designing the fuselage and tail, part III: virtualprototype tests, Part IV: extras on flight mechanics).2.
I am a student, and what you are reading should be taken as the way in which I goabout designing an airplane. A lot of conclusions drawn here should not be taken as rules,they are mere preferences. This walkthrough must not become the only source for designingyour own aircraft, hence you should not rely 100% on the information provided here. Theinformation here is taken from the knowledge gained through reading books such as:
Mechanics of Flight by Warren F. Phillips
The Illustrated Guide to Aerodynamics by Hubert “Skip” Smith
Airfield Models (www.airfieldmodels.com)
Cunningham on R/C (send an e-mail to me for a copy @email@example.com)I hope that you enjoy the walkthrough, but again,
do not rely 100% on it
, just like anyother walkthrough that you may read. Gather information from enough sources beforedesigning your own aircraft- that is my suggestion to you, dear reader.3.
The purpose of tail surfaces is to provide stability and control; hence, the siye of thetail surfaces is defined by the degree of stability/control required! The horizontal tailprovides longtitudinal stability, whereas the vertical tail provides stabiltiy along the
- inother words, it provides stbaility in the directional sense. Try to imagine a plane with novertical tail surface- what will direct it in the air? What will keep it flying straight and notwobbling about due to moments from other parts and air currents? If you make yourvertical tail too small, you will notice that your plane tends to 'seek' with its noce- left toright, right to left, etc.