victory in the Russo-Japanese War of 1905 and opposed punishing Japan at the post-World War II Tokyo trials.
India vehemently opposed Dutch action in Indonesia and didnot allow the refueling of Dutch planes which were being used to quell the freedommovement there.
The organization of Conference on Indonesia in New Delhi in 1949,taking interest in organizing the Bandung Conference in 1955 are only a few of manyefforts India made to redevelop economic and political relations with the region as awhole.However, all the efforts made by India to befriend the countries of Southeast Asiadid not bring desired results. The countries of Southeast Asia did not show keenness tokeep India on their foreign policy priority.
They were more inclined to developeconomic ties with Japan, and Korea. The presence of a large number of Chinese populations in many of these countries and its dominating presence also kept themdiplomatically engaged with China.
Philippines and Thailand became part of USsponsored military alliance called South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) and part of Western alliance system.
India’s Southeast Asia policy lost further momentumafter the Sino-Indian border conflict of September 1962. Indo-Soviet Peace andFriendship Treaty of 1971 made these countries --especially Indonesia and Malaysia--skeptical of India’s commitment to the policy of non-alignment. The nuclear testsconducted by India in 1974, launching of a new Joint Service Command, based inAndaman and Nicobar Islands,
and recognition of Vietnamese installed Kampucheanregime of Heng Samrin made India unpopular with the countries of Southeast Asia. So,during the Cold War period, India and Southeast Asia did not have preferential relations.Factors responsible for a new shift towards Southeast AsiaCold War neared its end with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November 1989and subsequent German reunification. Russian support to the US-led UN alliance forcesduring the Gulf War (1990-1991) marked the end of Cold War.
The qualitative andstructural changes brought about by the end of the Cold War led to new orientations inthe foreign policy of India and the countries of Southeast Asia. The Cold War periodforeign policy preferences changed, the Western Military alliances came to an end andIndia and these countries gave a fresh thought to their role and preferences in the2