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MIT Korean Beg 1

MIT Korean Beg 1

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Published by: neonstar on Apr 06, 2010
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11/21/2012

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MIT Korean Language Class \u2013 Beginner 1, Day 1
Korean Basic Expressions
1
\ub124/ \uc608
ne / ye
Yes.
2
\uc544\ub2c8\uc624
a-ni-o
No.
3
\uc548\ub155\ud558\uc138\uc694?
an-ny\u0259ng-[h]a-se-yo?
Hello. (Are you at peace?)
4
\u2026\uc785\ub2c8\ub2e4.
\u2026im-ni-da.
I\u2019m (name).
5
\ub9cc\ub098\uc11c \ubc18\uac11\uc2b5\ub2c8\ub2e4.
man-na-s\u0259 pang-gap-s\u012bm-ni-da. Nice to meet you.
6
\uc548\ub155\ud788 \uac00\uc138\uc694.
an-ny\u0259ng-[h]i ga-se-yo.
Good-bye. (Go in peace.)
7
\uc548\ub155\ud788 \uacc4\uc138\uc694.
an-ny\u0259ng-[h]i ge-se-yo.
Good-bye. (Stay in peace.)
8
\ub610 \ubd10\uc694.
tto b[w]a-yo.
See you later.
9
\uac10\uc0ac\ud569\ub2c8\ub2e4.
kam-sa-[ha]m-ni-da.
Thank you.
10
\uad1c\ucc2e\uc544\uc694.
kw\u00e6n-chan-a-yo.
It\u2019s okay.
11
\ubbf8\uc548\ud569\ub2c8\ub2e4.
mi-an-[h]am-ni-da.
I\u2019m sorry.
12
\uc544\ub2c8\uc624, \uad1c\ucc2e\uc544\uc694.
a-ni-o, kw\u00e6n-chan-a-yo.
Not at all, it\u2019s all right.
Dialogue 1
B is visiting A. They are
meeting for the first time.
A:
an-ny\u0259ng-[h]a-se-yo?
B:
ne, an-ny\u0259ng-[h]a-se-
yo?
A:
\u2026im-ni-da.
B:

\u2026im-ni-da.
man-na-s\u0259 pang-gap-
s\u012bm-ni-da.

A:
man-na-s\u0259 pang-gap-
s\u012bm-ni-da.
(A & B sit. A gives B something
to drink.)
B:
kam-sa-[ha]m-ni-da.
(B spills drink on A.)
B:
mi-an-[h]am-ni-da!
A:
(cleaning up)a-ni-o,
kw\u00e6n-chan-a-yo.
(It\u2019s time to go.)
B:
an-ny\u0259ng-[h]i ge-se-yo!
A:
an-ny\u0259ng-[h]i ga-se-yo!
B:
(leaving) tto b[w]a-yo!
A:
tto b[w]a-yo!
Pronunciation & Hang\u012bl
Phonetic Transcription System
a
a as in father
\u00e6
a as in bat
b
b as in bat
c
relaxedch as in chill
ch
aspiratedch as in
chop
cc
tensetch as in
matchmaker
d
d as in dog
dz
dg as in edge
e
e as in bet
g
g as in golf
\u012b
oo as in look but
without lip rounding
i
ee as in feet
h
h as in hope
k
relaxedk as in kitten
kh
aspiratedk as in kill!
kk
tensek as in skill
l
l as in lamp
ly
softl as in eel
m
m as in mom
n
n as in nice
ng
ng as in sing
o
o as in poke with lip
rounding
\u0259
uh as in uh
p
relaxedp as in park
ph
aspiratedp as in
pow!
pp
tensep as in spa
r
rolledr
s
sas in sigh
ss
tenses as in stop
sh
sh as in sheet
t
relaxedt as in tall
th
aspiratedt as in talk!
tt
tenset as in star
u
oo as in boot with lip
rounding
w
was in wide
y
y as in yard
Vowels
Consonants
sound
name
sounds
example
\uc544a (father)
\u3131
\uae30\uc5ed
kiy\u0259k
k, -g-
\uac00\uac8c
kage (store)
\uc57c
ya
\u3132
\uc30d\uae30\uc5ed
ssanggiy\u0259k
kk
\uc5b4\uae68
\u0259kk\u00e6 (shoulder)
\uc5b4
\u0259 ( u h)
\u314b
\ud0a4\uc754
khi\u012bk
kh, -k
\ucf54
kho (nose)
\uc5ec
y\u0259
\u3134
\ub2c8\uc740
ni\u012bn
n
\ub204\ub098
nuna (older sister)
\uc624o (poke)
\u3137
\ub514\uadff
tig\u012bt
t, -d-
\ub418\ub2e4
tweda (become)
\uc694
yo
\u3138
\uc30d\ub514\uadff
ssangtig\u012bt
tt
\uc5b4\ub54c
\u0259tt\u00e6 (be how)
\uc6b0u (boot)
\u314c
\ud2f0\uc755
thi\u012bt
th, -t
\ud2f0
thi (flaw)
\uc720
yu
\u3139
\ub9ac\uc744
ri\u012bl
l/r
\uc77c\uc744
ir\u012bl (work (as object))
\uc73c
\u012b ( l o o k)
\u3141
\ubbf8\uc74c
mi\u012bm
m
\ub9c8\uc74c
ma\u012bm (mind/heart)
\uc774i (feet)
\u3142
\ube44\uc74d
pi\u012bp
p, -b-
\ubc14\ubcf4
pabo (fool)
\uc560\u00e6 (bat)
\u3143
\uc30d\ube44\uc74d
ssangpi\u012bp
pp
\uc608\ubed0
yepp\u0259 (be pretty)
\uc598
y\u00e6
\u314d
\ud53c\uc756
phi\u012bp
ph, -p
\uc544\ud30c
apha (be sick/hurt)
\uc5d0e (bet)
\u3145
\uc2dc\uc637
shiot
s/sh, -t
\uc2dc\uc0ac
shisa (current events)
\uc608
ye
\u3146
\uc30d\uc2dc\uc637
ssangshiot
ss/sh
\uc2f8
ssa (be inexpensive)
(Combinations)
\u3147
\uc774\uc751
i\u012bng
\u00d8-/-ng
\uc601\uc5b4
y\u0259ng\u0259 (English)
\uc678
we
\u3148
\uc9c0\uc752
ci\u012bt
c, -dz-, -t
\uc790\uc8fc
cadzu (often)
\uc704
wi
\u3149
\uc30d\uc9c0\uc752
ssangci\u012bt
cc
\uc9dc
cca (be salty)
\uc758
\u012by
\u314a
\uce58\uc753
chi\u012bt
ch, -t
\ucc28
cha (tea)
\uc640
wa
\u314e
\ud788\uc757
hi\u012bt
h, -t
\ud654
hwa (anger)
\uc6cc
w\u0259
\uc65c
w\u00e6
\uc6e8
we
\ud55c\uae00 Hang\u012bl] Hang\u012bl, the Korean writing system, is one of the most scientifically designed and efficient scripts in the world.
Promulgated in 1446 by King Sejong, Hang\u012bl was the product of deliberate, linguistically informed planning.Hang\u012bl is quite easy
to learn. It is an alphabet with one special quirk: rather than arranging its letters in a row, e.g.,\u314e \u314f\u3134\u3131\u3161 \u3139, Hang\u012bl writes its
words in syllable blocks, e.g.,\ud55c\uae00.

How to Write Korean Stroke Orders:1. Everything horizontal moves from left to right. 2. Everything vertical moves from top to bottom.Constructing Syllable Blocks: Any written syllable must begin with a consonant (\u3147 if silent). The vowel is placed to the right of, if it has a long vertical stroke, or below, if it has a long horizontal stroke, the initial consonant, e.g.,\uac00,\ub108 vs.\uace0,\ub204. If the vowel letter has both a long vertical and a long horizontal stroke, then it is is placed under and to the right of the initial consonant, e.g.,\uadc0,\ub1cc. Any additional consonants are placed directly below the preceding consonant and vowel, e.g.,\uac10,\uc880,\uc0b6,\ub5ab. To keep the blocks approximately the same size, the size of the letters must be smaller for syllables containing three or four letters.

Hangul Vowels Table
base
set
\u3163i
\u3161\u012b
\u3157o
\u314fa
\u315cu
\u3153
\u0259
\u3150\u00e6
\u3154e
y-
combos
\u315b
y o
\u3151
y a
\u3160
y u
\u3155
y\u0259
\u3152
y \u00e6
\u3156
y e
vowel
combos
\u3162
\u012b y
\u3158
w a
\u315f
w i
\u3159
w\u00e6
\u315d
w\u0259
\u315a
*we*
\u315e
w e

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