Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
32Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Carbon and Its Compounds

Carbon and Its Compounds

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3,761|Likes:
Published by vivek_theeasyways

More info:

Published by: vivek_theeasyways on Apr 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/22/2012

pdf

text

original

 
1 |
Page date____________
 
By VIVEK MISHRA 
carbon and itscompounds
 
CARBON AND ITS COMPOUNDS 
CARBON 
 
 
is an element, non metal, and present in very small amount in atmosphere.In Atmosphere
 
0.02% and in Air - 0.03% as CO
2
gas. All living things plants and animals are made up of carbon compounds called organic compounds.
Bonding in carbon  
its electronic configuration is K L. it is not possible to remove 4 electrons2 4From its outermost shell, also not possible to gain 4 electrons to complete its octet. Therefore it shares 4electrons with others. Therefore bond formed is covalent.
 
Self 
combination (cat 
e
nation)
 
 
carbon can link or combine with one another by means of covalentbonds to form long chains of carbon atom. This property is also called Catenation.-C-C-C-C-C-c-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-
 
e
trava
le
ncy -
tetra means 4 and valency refers to valency 
.
Valency of carbon is four(which is quitelarge). Due to this a carbon atom can form large number of carbon atoms with a number of carbonatoms as well as with a large number of other elements.
yp
es
o
 f 
hydrocarbon
s
 
1.
 
H
ydrocarbons2.
 
H
aloalkanes3.
 
Alcohols4.
 
Aldehydes5.
 
Ketones6.
 
Carboxylic acids
1
.
 
Hydrocarbon
s
 
Compounds made of hydrogen and carbon mainly are called
H
ydrocarbons.(
H
ydrogen + Carbon). Methane (C
H
4
),Ethane(C
2
H
6
) etc. it is of two types.
1
.
 
S
aturat 
e
d Htdrocarbon
s
 
 
a hydrocarbon which is connected by only single bond.it is further divided intoone part.
 i.
 
 A
lk 
an
es
 
a hydrocarbon in which the carbon atoms are connected by only by singlecovalent bond. Methane (C
H
4
),ethane (C
2
H
6
)
 
 
2
|
 
P a g
e
  
a t
e____________
 
B
¡  
VIV 
¢£  
MI
¤  
HRA 
car
b
¥¦  
an
d
§¨ ©  
co
mp
oun
d
©  
 
2.
 
Unsa
  
a
ed 
Hy 
  
a
    
ns
 
 
 
th
 
e
 
h
y
  
c
arbon
i
n
w
h
i
c
h
 
t
w
o
 
c
arbon
 
atom
s
 
ar
e
 
c
onn
ec
t
e
  
 
b
y
 
Double
 
bond
 
or
Triple
 
bond
. i
t
i
s
fu
rth
e
r
di
v
id
e
d i
nto
 
t
w
o
p
art
s
.
 
ii.
 
 A
  
e
n
e
s
 
 
 
a
 
h
y
d
ro
c
arbon
i
n
w
h
i
c
h
 
th
e
 
t
w
o
 
c
arbon
 
atom
 
ar
e
 
c
onn
ec
t
e
d
b
y
 
a
d
o
u
bl
e
 
bon
d. H
2
 C=CH
2
 
c
all
e
d
e
than
e
. CH
3
-
CH=CH
2
 
c
all
e
d
a
s
p
ro
p
an
e
.
iii 
.
 
 A
  
n
e
s
-
 
a
 
h
y
d
ro
c
arbon
i
n
w
h
i
c
h
 
th
e
 
t
w
o
 
c
arbon
 
atom
s
 
ar
e
 
c
onn
ec
t
e
d
b
y
 
a
 
tr
ip
l
e
 
bon
d.HCCH
a
s
 
e
th
y
n
e
.
 
NUMBER O
F
CARBON ATOMS
P
RE
F
 
X
 
1
METH
2
ETH
3
 
P
RO
P
 
4
BUT
5
 
P
ENT
6
HE
X
 
 ALKA
   
ES
 
a
 
h
y
d
ro
c
arbon
i
n
w
h
i
c
h
 
th
e
 
c
arbon
 
atom
s
 
ar
e
 
c
onn
ec
t
e
d
b
y
 
onl
y
 
b
y
 
s
i
ngl
e
 
c
o
v
al
e
nt
 
bon
d. M
e
than
e
(CH
4
e
than
e
 (C
2
H
6
.I
t
s
 
g
e
n
e
ral
orm
u
la
i
s
 
n
2
n+
2
 
.
S
at
u
rat
e
d
U
n
s
at
u
rat
e
d
HYDROCARBON
 
3
|
Page date____________
 
By VIVEK MISHRA 
carbon and itscompounds
 
 AL
#  
 AN 
$  
S
(numb
e
r o
 f 
carbon) MOL
$  
CULAR FORMULA
Met
h
ane(1)
C
H
4
Ethane(2) C
2
H
6
 
Propane(3) C
3
H
8
 
B
utane(4) C
4
H
10
 AL
%&  
&  
S
 
A hydrocarbon in which the two carbon atom are connected by a double bond.
H
2
C
=
C
H
2
called ethane. C
H
3
-C
H
=
C
H
2
called as propane. Its general formula is
n
2
n
.
 AL
%&  
&  
S
(NUMB
&  
R OF CARBON A
OM) MOL
&  
CULAR FORMULA
 Ethene C
2
H
4
Propene C
3
H
6
B
utene C
4
H
8
 
Pentene C
5
H
10
H
exene C
6
H
12
 AL
%  
 
YN 
&  
S
 
A hydrocarbon in which the two carbon atoms are connected by a triple bond.
H
C
C
H
is known as ethyne. Itsgeneral formula is
n
2
n-
2
.
 
 AL
%  
YN 
&  
S
(NUMB
&  
R OF CARBON A
OM
S
 ) MOL
&  
CULAR FORMULA
Ethyne C
2
H
2
Propyne C
3
H
4
B
utyne C
4
H
6
Pentyne C
5
H
8
 
H
exyne C
6
H
10
Homo
ogou
s
 
se
ri 
es
 
 
a group of organic compounds having
s
imi 
ar 
s
tructur 
es
and 
s
imi 
ar ch
e
mica
prop
e
rti 
es
inwhich the every successive compound differ by
CH 
2
..
ex 
amp
le
 Homo
ogou
s
 
se
ri 
es
o
 f 
a
lk 
an
e
  AL
%  
 AN 
&  
S
(numb
e
r o
 f 
carbon) MOL
&  
CULAR FORMULA
Met
h
ane(1)
C
H
4
Ethane(2) C
2
H
6
 
Propane(3) C
3
H
8
 
B
utane(4) C
4
H
10
S
OM
'  
 
R
S
:-
the organic compounds having same molecular formula but structures are known as Isomers.Isomers arepossible for 4 or more than four carbon atoms. Isomers of compound
B
utane are possible.
 
Functiona
Group
s
 
Alkanes, Alkenes, and Alkynes are already discussed above. They are also the types of functional group.

Activity (32)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Rajkumar Baliya added this note
awesomw !!!
Giselle de Leon liked this
Giselle de Leon liked this
Bhupendra Singh liked this
Rahul Pazhedath added this note
your site is coool
Shrey Bansal liked this
Praveen Don liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->