By VIVEK MISHRA
carbon and itscompounds
CARBON AND ITS COMPOUNDS
is an element, non metal, and present in very small amount in atmosphere.In Atmosphere
0.02% and in Air - 0.03% as CO
gas. All living things plants and animals are made up of carbon compounds called organic compounds.
Bonding in carbon
its electronic configuration is K L. it is not possible to remove 4 electrons2 4From its outermost shell, also not possible to gain 4 electrons to complete its octet. Therefore it shares 4electrons with others. Therefore bond formed is covalent.
carbon can link or combine with one another by means of covalentbonds to form long chains of carbon atom. This property is also called Catenation.-C-C-C-C-C-c-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-
tetra means 4 and valency refers to valency
Valency of carbon is four(which is quitelarge). Due to this a carbon atom can form large number of carbon atoms with a number of carbonatoms as well as with a large number of other elements.
Compounds made of hydrogen and carbon mainly are called
ydrogen + Carbon). Methane (C
) etc. it is of two types.
a hydrocarbon which is connected by only single bond.it is further divided intoone part.
a hydrocarbon in which the carbon atoms are connected by only by singlecovalent bond. Methane (C