THE BOOK OF WORSHIP
PREFACE: Through the unbounded grace of the Almighty God and blessings of the greatestApostle of God, the English version of the Book of worship of the world renowned IhyaulUlum (Revival of religious learning) of Imam Ghazzali, the greatest thinker of the world of Islam, the Proof of Islam, the famous Sufi and devout, has now been published in full.This book Ihya is a sea of knowledge full of reasons and arguments, full of Quranic verses,traditions of the Holy Prophet and of the companions and the famous saints of early ages.Each subject was supported by the Quran, traditions and sayings of the learned sages andwise men and established by reasons and arguments.As the great Imam belonged originally to the Shafeyi Sunni sect, some of the religiousdoctrines will be found in line with that sect, but nevertheless its importance is very great. Inhis advanced age, the Imam was not a blind follower of sects but followed his independentthinking and as such indirectly created a sect of his own. As the world is advancing with evernew ideas and scientific discoveries, so also this work is full of novel and great ideas andscientific discoveries and thereby the Imam revived truly the religious sciences and gave theman impetus never given by his predecessors in such a manner.He saved Islam from the currents and cross currents of devilish thoughts and pagan ideas thatimperceptibly entered into Islam and clearly showed their fallacies and misconceptions. Forthis reason, he was given the title of Hujjatul Islam or the Proof of Islam. His thoughtsprevailed upon those savants who came after him. Had not the Almighty blessed him with thenecklace of reason and intellect, the true belief of Islam would have been carried away by thestrong current of irreligious and misguided thoughts.True it is that there are many weak traditions in this book, bu t at the same time it should beremembered that the authors of six authentic traditional books specially Bukhari and Muslimselected some few thousand traditions as most of them were not proved to have been foundedby trustworthy narrators from the Holy Prophet down to the narrator or did not meet with allthe rules laid down for an authentic tradition. For want of proof, many guilty persons areacquitted. For that, it cannot be said that all acquitted persons are innocent. So in thisperspective, the traditions in the Ihya should be regarded. Had Imam Ghazzali not foundthem trustworthy, he would not have incorporated them in his book.The present translation is an attempt to bring out a complete translation of Ihya in English infour Books. The first book deals with worship and divine service, the second book withworldly usages, the third book with destructive evils and the fourth book with constructivevirtues. Ihya in original is a book in Arabic comprising four parts and its abridged addition inPersian was termed by the author himself as 'Kimiyae Sa'adat' or the Touchstone of fortune.Unnecessary arguments of different sects prevalent nearly one thousand years ago, somematters not needed at the present time and some sayings of some sages of less reputation havebeen omitted in the present English version. The book has been, however, translated intoBengali in full by the author himself without omission.