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Ihya Ulumuddin - Chapter 1 Vol 1

Ihya Ulumuddin - Chapter 1 Vol 1

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Published by zarzh
IHYA ULUMUDDIN: Revival of Religious sciences is a master piece of Imam Ghazzali and it was a sea of knowledge full of reasons and arguments, full of Quranic verses, traditions of the Holy Prophet and of the companions and also the famous saints of early ages.
IHYA ULUMUDDIN: Revival of Religious sciences is a master piece of Imam Ghazzali and it was a sea of knowledge full of reasons and arguments, full of Quranic verses, traditions of the Holy Prophet and of the companions and also the famous saints of early ages.

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Published by: zarzh on Apr 06, 2010
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REVIVAL OF RELIGIOUSLEARNINGS
IMAM GHAZZALI'SIHYA ULUM-ID-D
CHAPTER 1 VOL 1Translated by FAZL-UL-KARIM
 THE BOOK OF WORSHIP CONTENTS: - Preface - Preface of Imam GazzaliCHAPTER I : - Acquisition of Knowledge - Excellence of Learning- Praiseworthy and blameworthy learnings - Four Imams - Meanings of somewords now changed - Manners to be observed by teachers and students- Signs of the learned of the Hereafter - Intellect and its noble nature
 
 
THE BOOK OF WORSHIP
 
PREFACE: Through the unbounded grace of the Almighty God and blessings of the greatestApostle of God, the English version of the Book of worship of the world renowned IhyaulUlum (Revival of religious learning) of Imam Ghazzali, the greatest thinker of the world of Islam, the Proof of Islam, the famous Sufi and devout, has now been published in full.This book Ihya is a sea of knowledge full of reasons and arguments, full of Quranic verses,traditions of the Holy Prophet and of the companions and the famous saints of early ages.Each subject was supported by the Quran, traditions and sayings of the learned sages andwise men and established by reasons and arguments.As the great Imam belonged originally to the Shafeyi Sunni sect, some of the religiousdoctrines will be found in line with that sect, but nevertheless its importance is very great. Inhis advanced age, the Imam was not a blind follower of sects but followed his independentthinking and as such indirectly created a sect of his own. As the world is advancing with evernew ideas and scientific discoveries, so also this work is full of novel and great ideas andscientific discoveries and thereby the Imam revived truly the religious sciences and gave theman impetus never given by his predecessors in such a manner.He saved Islam from the currents and cross currents of devilish thoughts and pagan ideas thatimperceptibly entered into Islam and clearly showed their fallacies and misconceptions. Forthis reason, he was given the title of Hujjatul Islam or the Proof of Islam. His thoughtsprevailed upon those savants who came after him. Had not the Almighty blessed him with thenecklace of reason and intellect, the true belief of Islam would have been carried away by thestrong current of irreligious and misguided thoughts.True it is that there are many weak traditions in this book, bu t at the same time it should beremembered that the authors of six authentic traditional books specially Bukhari and Muslimselected some few thousand traditions as most of them were not proved to have been foundedby trustworthy narrators from the Holy Prophet down to the narrator or did not meet with allthe rules laid down for an authentic tradition. For want of proof, many guilty persons areacquitted. For that, it cannot be said that all acquitted persons are innocent. So in thisperspective, the traditions in the Ihya should be regarded. Had Imam Ghazzali not foundthem trustworthy, he would not have incorporated them in his book.The present translation is an attempt to bring out a complete translation of Ihya in English infour Books. The first book deals with worship and divine service, the second book withworldly usages, the third book with destructive evils and the fourth book with constructivevirtues. Ihya in original is a book in Arabic comprising four parts and its abridged addition inPersian was termed by the author himself as 'Kimiyae Sa'adat' or the Touchstone of fortune.Unnecessary arguments of different sects prevalent nearly one thousand years ago, somematters not needed at the present time and some sayings of some sages of less reputation havebeen omitted in the present English version. The book has been, however, translated intoBengali in full by the author himself without omission.
 
 
BIOGRAPHY OF IMAM GHAZZALI
 
Imam Ghazzali was born in 450 A.H. (1058 A.D.) in the village Taberan in the district of Tausin Persia and his name is Abu Hamid Muhammad. His title is Hujjatul Islam or Proof of Islam and his dynastic title is Ghazzali. His father was not a famous person but his grandfather was one of the leading men of that age. His father died while he was young leaving himunder the care of his mother and grand father. Ghazzal is said to be the name of a village inthe district of Taus in the province of Khorasan in Persia. According to Maulana ShibliNomani, his ancestors had the business of weaving. (Ghazzal) and therefore he retained hisfamily title Ghazzali (weaver).HIS EDUCATION: At the time of the death of Ghazzali's -father, he entrusted the educationof his two sons Muhammad and Ahmad to one of his trusted friends. The latter imparted tothem primary education and then sent them to a private Maktab. The boys within a shorttime committed the whole Quran to memory and after that began to learn Arabic.They were then admitted in a free Madrasa. After sometime, Imam Ghazzali left his nativevillage for higher education for Zarzan and began to study under a great earned man ImamAbu Nasr Ismail. He used to take notes of his lectures but in a certain journey he was robbedof these notes by some dacoits along with his other belongings. He took courage, went to thechief of the robbers and begged of the notes only to be returned to him. It was returned to himat his earnest entreaties.Then he joined Nizamia Madrasa at Nishapur which was a reputed seat of learning and agreat educationist named Imamul Haramain was its principal. He had 400 students of whomthree were most noted - Harrasi, Ahmad-b-Muhammad and Imam Ghazzali. The latterbecame so much grieved at his death that he left Nishapur and went to Baghdad, the capital of the Caliphs. He was then a young man of 28 years of age.At Baghdad, he was appointed principal of Nizamiyah Madrasa by Nizamul Mulk the chief vizier of the Turkish ruler Malek Shah. Being thus appointed at an early age to such a highpost, his popularity as a great learned man spread far and wide and the rulers and thechieftains used to consult him in state affairs and theological matters.LECTURES OF IMAM GHAZZALI: In the lectures of the Imam, hundreds of learned menand dignitaries of the State and even the ruling princes attended. His lectures were full of arguments and reasons and they were mostly recorded by Sayeed-b-Fares and Ibn Lobban.They recorded nearly 183 of his lectures which were completed in a book named Majalesse-Ghazzali.The great Imam then turned his mind to gain spiritual heights and the circumstances leadingto it were recorded by him in his book Munkezum Minaddalal (Deliverance from error). Hewas a follower of Imam Shafeyi in his early age but in Baghdad he mixed freely with thepeoples of all sects and thoughts and ideas. There were then the Shias, the Sunnis, Zindiqs,Magians, Scholastic theologians, Christians, Jews, atheists fire-worshippers and idol worships.There were also the Deists, the Materialists, the Naturalists, the philosophers. They used tomeet in mutual wars of argumentations and debates. This had such an effect in the mind of 

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