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biochemical oxygen demand

biochemical oxygen demand

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Published by Ahmed Mh

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Published by: Ahmed Mh on Apr 06, 2010
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03/14/2013

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USGS TWRI Book 9–A7 (Third Edition) Five-Day Biochemical Oxygen Demand (11/2003)
BOD—1
FIVE-DAY BIOCHEMICAL7.0
 
OXYGEN DEMAND
by G.C. Delzer and S.W. McKenziePage
7.0 Five-day biochemical oxygen demand..........................BOD-37.0.1Equipment and supplies........................................67.0.2Sample collection and storage...............................97.0.3Five-day test for biochemical oxygen demand.....117.0.3.ASample preparation..................................117.0.3.BInterferences.............................................137.0.3.CBOD
5
test procedure................................147.0.4Calculations............................................................197.0.5Troubleshooting......................................................207.0.6Reporting................................................................21Illustrations7.0-1.Biochemical oxygen demand curves: (
 A
) typicalcarbonaceous-demand curve showing theoxidation of organic matter, and (
 B
) typicalcarbonaceous- plus nitrogeneous-demand curveshowing the oxidation of ammonia and nitrite........47.0-2.Example of a 5-day biochemical oxygendemand worksheet.....................................................18
 
Five-Day Biochemical Oxygen Demand (11/2003)USGS TWRI Book 9A7 (Third Edition)
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2—BOD
Tables7.0-1.Equipment, supplies, chemical reagents, andpreparation of dilution water and chemicalsolutions used in the procedure fordetermination of 5-day biochemical oxygendemand........................................................................BOD-77.0-2.Recommended sample volumes for the 5-daybiochemical oxygen demand test...............................137.0-3.Troubleshooting guide for the 5-daybiochemical oxygen demand test...............................20Notes:
References for section 7.0, Five-day biochemical oxygen demand, arelocated at the end of Chapter A7 in the “Selected References andDocuments” section, which begins on page REF-1.See Appendix A7-A, Table 1, for information on the parameter codefor biochemical oxygen demand that is used in the National WaterInformation System (NWIS) of the U.S. Geological Survey.The citation for this section (7.0) of NFM 7 is as follows:
Delzer, G.C., and McKenzie, S.W., November 2003, Five-day biochemicaloxygen demand: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-ResourcesInvestigations, book 9, chap. A7 (3d ed.), section 7.0, accessed___
date___
, from http://pubs.water.usgs.gov/twri9A/.
 
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USGS TWRI Book 9A7 (Third Edition)Five-Day Biochemical Oxygen Demand (11/2003)
BOD—3
FIVE-DAY BIOCHEMICAL7.0
 
OXYGEN DEMAND
The presence of a sufficient concentration of dissolved oxygen iscritical to maintaining the aquatic life and aesthetic quality of streamsand lakes. Determining how organic matter affects the concentrationof dissolved oxygen (DO) in a stream or lake is integral to water-quality management. The decay of organic matter in water ismeasured as biochemical or chemical oxygen demand. Oxygendemand is a measure of the amount of oxidizable substances in a watersample that can lower DO concentrations (Nemerow, 1974;Tchobanoglous and Schroeder, 1985).The test for biochemical oxygendemand (BOD) is a bioassayprocedure that measures theoxygen consumed by bacteriafrom the decomposition of organic matter (Sawyer andMcCarty, 1978). The change inDO concentration is measuredover a given period of time inwater samples at a specifiedtemperature. Procedures used todetermine DO concentration aredescribed in NFM 6.2. It isimportant to be familiar with thecorrect procedures for determining DO concentrations before makingBOD measurements. BOD is measured in a laboratory environment,generally at a local or USGS laboratory.
Accurate measurement of BOD requiresan accurate determination of DO.
Biochemical oxygendemand represents theamount of oxygenconsumed by bacteriaand other microorganismswhile they decomposeorganic matter underaerobic conditions at aspecified temperature.

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