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Natural History and Geology Along the Superior Hiking Trail Through Duluth, Minnesota (306-04-07)

Natural History and Geology Along the Superior Hiking Trail Through Duluth, Minnesota (306-04-07)

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THE 39 MILES OF THE Superior HikingTrail through the City of Duluth pass through many areas of fasci-nating landscape, including world-famous geological features with rocks over a billion years old, spring wild-flowers, stunning panoramas, shady old-growth forests, and many other ecological land types. This booklet is intended to help the hiker appreciate this remarkable natural history made accessible by the trail.
THE 39 MILES OF THE Superior HikingTrail through the City of Duluth pass through many areas of fasci-nating landscape, including world-famous geological features with rocks over a billion years old, spring wild-flowers, stunning panoramas, shady old-growth forests, and many other ecological land types. This booklet is intended to help the hiker appreciate this remarkable natural history made accessible by the trail.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Minnesota's Lake Superior Coastal Program on Apr 06, 2010
Copyright:Public Domain

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06/04/2010

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Natural History and Geology
 
ALONG THE
Superior Hiking Trail
 
THROUGH
Duluth, Minnesota
 
 John C. Green

 
© 2007 John C. Green; Superior Hiking Trail Association; and
-
Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program
-
ISBN: 978-0-9636598-5-5
-
is project was funded in part under theCoastal Zone Management Act, by NOAA’sOffice of Ocean and Coastal ResourceManagement, in cooperation withMinnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program.Printed by Christie Printing Company, Duluth, Minnesota
Contents
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Trail Section Descriptions
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For Further Information ...................................................................45
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 Acknowledgments .............................................................................45
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The lay of the land:
 
Duluth
 
area
 
topography
 
OctoberWoodland-Horsetail,JuneClintonia, June
Introduction
 
THE 39 MILES OF THE
Superior HikingTrail throughthe City of Duluth pass through many areas of fasci-nating landscape, including world-famous geologicalfeatures with rocks over a billion years old, spring wild-flowers, stunning panoramas, shady old-growth forests,and many other ecological land types. is booklet isintended to help the hiker appreciate this remarkablenatural history made accessible by the trail.For other basic and essential information about thetrail, including detailed directions, directions to trail-heads, mileages, parking, etc., please consult the
Guide to the Superior Hiking Trail,
published by the non-profitSuperior Hiking Trail Association
, which built and maintains the trail.e booklet begins with a few general sections onvarious aspects of the natural history: geology, ecology,streams, and wildlife. ese are followed by brief descrip-tions of features to look for, organized into twelve trailsegments from Highway 210 in Jay Cooke State Park inthe southwest to the Martin Road in the northeast.Common names for plants are as given in Ownbey and Morley, 1991. Photos are by the author, unlessotherwise indicated.
Duluth harbor andMinnesota Point fromEnger Hill, July
THE FIRST THING THAT STRIKES US
about thelandscape here is the topographic relief: the uneven,rocky hills (some over 1,300 feet) contrasting withthe lake (602 feet) and the flat lowlands to the southand east
(see map next page)
. e hills, from Ely’s andBardon’s Peaks to the south, through Spirit Mountain,Enger Hill, Mount Royal, and Hawk Ridge, mergeinto the rugged hillscape that characterizes the NorthShore. e low ground is the Lake Superior Basin,occupied here partly by the Duluth-Superior harborand the estuary of the St. Louis River, the largestU.S. tributary of Lake Superior. Tumbling streams,rushing down these slopes toward the lake, makeespecially attractive features along the SuperiorHiking Trail (SHT). Why is Duluth blessed by this abundance of natural beauty? Basically, we owe it to the area’s
View of Bardon’sPeak from Ely’s Peak,
2
 
Introduction
 
Duluth area topography
 
3
 

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