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LDS Old Testament Handout 03: Notes on the creation

LDS Old Testament Handout 03: Notes on the creation

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Published by Mike Parker
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Notes for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29505273
Slideshow for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29549340
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Notes for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29505273
Slideshow for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29549340

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Published by: Mike Parker on Apr 06, 2010
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10/06/2013

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© 2013, Mike Parker Page 1 For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
The Creation: A Parallel Comparison Chart
In the first account, the six days of creation follow a parallel pattern,with the first three days corresponding to the last three:D
AY
1: Creation of light
 
D
AY
4
: Creation of “lights” (the
sun, moon, and stars)D
AY
2: Creation of sea and sky
 
D
AY
5: Creation of fish in the seaand birds in the skyD
AY
3: Creation of dry land andplants
 
D
AY
6: Creation of land animalsand man, to whom the plantsgiven for food
Significant textual variants in JST/Moses and Abraham are noted in italics.
KJV Genesis Moses (JST Genesis) Abraham Notes
C
REATION
 A 
CCOUNT
#1
D
 AY 
1:
 
C
REATION OF
L
IGHT
 
2:1
 
 And it came to pass that theLord spake unto Moses, saying:Behold, I reveal unto youconcerning this heaven, and thisearth; write the words which Ispeak. I am the Beginning and theEnd, the Almighty God; by mineOnly Begotten I created thesethings; yea,
 
4:1
And then the Lord said: Let usgo down. And they went down
JST/Moses changes the Genesis account into a first-personnarrative and
inserts Jesus Christ’s creative role into the
creation story (John 1:10; D&C 76:24; 93:9).
The Hebrew word for “God” is
’elohim,
a plural noun thatuses a singular verb. (Abr. uses the plural throughout.)
The word “create” (
bara
) describes the divine act of 
fashioning. Abraham’s use of “organized and formed”
captures the meaning well. The same word is used in Gen.2:7 to describe the creation of man from preexistingmaterials.
The word “heaven” here means
sky 
(the visible heavens);
“earth” means
land 
(not “the planet earth” as we now
understand it).
1:1
In the beginning God createdthe heaven and the earth.in the beginning I created theheaven, and the earth
upon whichthou standest.
 at the beginning,
and they, that isthe Gods, organized and formed 
theheavens and the earth.
1:2
And the earth was withoutform, and void; and darkness wasupon the face of the deep. And theSpirit of God moved upon the faceof the waters.
2:2
And the earth was withoutform, and void; and
I caused 
 darkness to come up upon the faceof the deep; and my Spirit movedupon the face of the water;
 for I amGod.
 
4:2
And the earth,
after it was formed, was empty and desolate,because they had not formed anything but the earth;
anddarkness
reigned 
upon the face of the deep, and
the Spirit of the Godswas brooding
upon the face of thewaters.The creation begins with a dark, shapeless, empty, water-covered mass:
Chaos
, or unorganized matter.
“Moved” means
hovered,
as a bird broods her chicks (Abr.4:2)
; the same word is translated “fluttereth” in Deut. 32:11.
The Spirit of God was, in a sense,
incubating
the earth,preparing it for the creative acts which are to follow.
 
© 2013, Mike Parker Page 2 For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
KJV Genesis Moses (JST Genesis) Abraham Notes
1:3
And God said, Let there be light:and there was light.
2:3
And I, God, said: Let there belight; and there was light.
4:3
And they (the Gods) said: Letthere be light; and there was light.The creative process is one of bringing order to chaos; thefirst act is separating light and darkness, creating aboundary between the two. In the scriptures, light is alwaysgood and of God, the antithesis of darkness and evil.
“Good” in this context means suitable or conducive for th
ecreative purpose.
1:4
And God saw the light, that itwas good: and God divided the lightfrom the darkness.
2:4
And I, God, saw the light; andthat light was good. And I, God,divided the light from the darkness.
4:4
And they (the Gods)
comprehended the light, for it wasbright;
and they divided the light,or caused it to be divided, from thedarkness.
1:5
And God called the light Day,and the darkness he called Night.And the evening and the morningwere the first day.
2:5
And I, God, called the light Day;and the darkness, I called Night;
and this I did by the word of my  power, and it was done as I spake;
and the evening and the morningwere the first day.
4:5
And the Gods called the lightDay, and the darkness they calledNight.
 And it came to pass that  from the evening until morning they called night; and from the morninguntil the evening they called day;
and this was the first,
or thebeginning, of that which they called day and night.
 Seven times during the creation naming or blessingfollows the creative act (Gen. 1:5, 8, 10, 22, 28; 2:3, 23).Naming can be an indication of sovereignty (2 Kgs. 23:34).The Jewish day begins at sundown, hence day one started
with the dark (“evening”), continued through the creation of 
li
ght (“morning”), and ended with nightfall.
 
C
REATION
 A 
CCOUNT
#1
D
 AY 
2:
 
C
REATION OF
S
EA AND
S
KY 
 
1:6
And God said, Let there be afirmament in the midst of thewaters, and let it divide the watersfrom the waters.
2:6
And again, I, God, said: Letthere be a firmament in the midstof the water, and it was so, even asI spake; and I said: Let it divide thewaters from the waters; and it wasdone;
4:6
And the Gods also said: Letthere be an
expanse
in the midst of the waters, and it shall divide thewaters from the waters.
The term “firmament” (or “expanse”) envisions something
strong and shiny (Job 37:18 refers to the skies poured outlike a molten mirror, and Dan. 12:3 and Ezek. 1:22 portray itas shiny). To the ancients the sky or atmosphere seemed
like a glass or metallic dome. (See “Ancient HebrewCosmology”
on p.12.)This dome separated the waters below (oceans
, or “great
wat
ers”—
Moses 2:7; Abr. 4:10, 22) from the waters above(the source of clouds and rain). There were openings in thedome,
—called “the windows of heaven”—
through whichGod could cast down rain or other blessings (Gen. 7:11; 8:2;Mal. 3:10).Here again the word
“heaven” means
sky 
.
1:7
And God made the firmament,and divided the waters which wereunder the firmament from thewaters which were above thefirmament: and it was so.
2:7
And I, God, made thefirmament and divided the waters,yea, the
great waters
under thefirmament from the waters whichwere above the firmament, and itwas so even as I spake.
4:7
And the Gods ordered the
expanse
, so that it divided thewaters which were under the
expanse
from the waters whichwere above the
expanse
; and it wasso, even as they ordered.
1:8
And God called the firmamentHeaven. And the evening and themorning were the second day.
2:8
And I, God, called thefirmament Heaven; and theevening and the morning were thesecond day.
4:8
And the Gods called theexpanse, Heaven.
 And it came to pass that it was from evening until morning that they called night; and it came to pass that it was frommorning until evening that they called day;
and this was the second
 time that they called night and day.
 
 
© 2013, Mike Parker Page 3 For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
KJV Genesis Moses (JST Genesis) Abraham Notes
C
REATION
 A 
CCOUNT
#1
D
 AY 
3:
 
C
REATION OF
D
RY 
L
 AND AND
P
LANTS
 
1:9
And God said, Let the watersunder the heaven be gatheredtogether unto one place, and letthe dry land appear: and it was so.
2:9
And I, God, said: Let the watersunder the heaven be gatheredtogether unto one place, and it wasso; and I, God, said: Let there bedry land; and it was so.
4:9
And the Gods ordered, saying:Let the waters under the heaven begathered together unto one place,and let
the earth come up dry 
; andit was so as they ordered;In the beginning the water covered the whole earth (Gen.1:2); now the water was to be restricted to an area to formthe ocean. The picture is one of the dry land as an islandwith the sea surrounding it.
1:10
And God called the dry landEarth; and the gathering togetherof the waters called he Seas: andGod saw that it was good.
2:10
And I, God, called the dry landEarth; and the gathering togetherof the waters, called I the Sea; andI, God, saw that all things which Ihad made were good.
4:10
And the Gods pronounced thedry land, Earth; and the gatheringtogether of the waters, pronouncedthey,
Great Waters
;
and the Godssaw that they were obeyed.
 
Here again the word “Earth” means
land.
1:11
And God said, Let the earthbring forth grass, the herb yieldingseed, and the fruit tree yieldingfruit after his kind, whose seed is initself, upon the earth: and it was so.
2:11
And I, God, said: Let the earthbring forth grass, the herb yieldingseed, the fruit tree yielding fruit,after his kind,
and the tree yielding fruit,
whose seed should be in itself upon the earth, and it was so evenas I spake.
4:11
And the Gods said: Let us
 prepare the earth to
bring forthgrass; the herb yielding seed; thefruit tree yielding fruit, after hiskind, whose seed in itself 
yieldethits own likeness upon the earth;
andit was so, even as they ordered.
The Hebrew word translated “grass” literally
does meanthat (wild tall grass, not `the kind on your lawn), but almostcertainly refers more generally to vegetation that includesmany of the plants and trees.Just as God had previously divided light from darkness(Gen. 1:4), waters above from waters below (1:7), and seasfrom the land (1:9), he now divided plant life so that eachtype
reproduced “after his kind,” creating order out of 
chaos.
1:12
And the earth brought forthgrass, and herb yielding seed afterhis kind, and the tree yielding fruit,whose seed was in itself, after hiskind: and God saw that it was good.
2:12
And the earth brought forthgrass, every herb yielding seedafter his kind, and the tree yieldingfruit, whose seed should be initself, after his kind; and I, God, sawthat all things which I had madewere good;
4:12
And the Gods organized theearth to bring forth grass
 from itsown seed,
and the herb to bringforth herb
 from its own seed,
 yielding seed after his kind; and theearth to bring forth the tree
 fromits own seed,
yielding fruit, whoseseed
could only bring forth thesame
in itself, after his kind;
and the Gods saw that they wereobeyed.
 
1:13
And the evening and themorning were the third day.
2:13
And the evening and themorning were the third day.
4:13
 
 And it came to pass that they numbered the days; from theevening until the morning they called night; and it came to pass, from the morning until the eveningthey called day;
and it was the third
time
.

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