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LDS Old Testament Notes 04: The fall; Cain & Abel

LDS Old Testament Notes 04: The fall; Cain & Abel

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Published by Mike Parker
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Handout for these notes: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29505280
Slideshow for these notes: http://www.scribd.com/doc/172772615
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Handout for these notes: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29505280
Slideshow for these notes: http://www.scribd.com/doc/172772615

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Published by: Mike Parker on Apr 06, 2010
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© <634, @iah Vcrahr bttp;//lit.ny/nmscrd Gjr phrsjocn ush jony. Ojt c Dburdb pulnidctijo.
Jnm ]hstc`hotUhha =; ]bh Gcnn, tbh thnhsticn wjrnm, Dcio com Clhn(Ehohsis 4
=1 @jshs =;3
7;9)
3)
 
]bh Gcnn.c)
 
Nctthr-mcy Tciot lhnihg.i)
 
Nctthr-mcy Tciots rhdjeoizh tbh Gcnn jg Cmc` com Hvh cs c ohdhsscry sthp io tbhhthrocn prjerhss jg `coaiom, joh tbct iotrjmudhm tbh djomitijos tbct `cmh tbh`issijo jg Khsus Dbrist clsjnuthny ohdhsscry gjr scnvctijo.
QTNIMH <P
]bh Gcnn lrjuebt twj aioms jg mhctb upjo Cmc`, Hvh, com tbhirpjsthrity; tbh shpcrctijo jg tbh spirit com tbh pbysidcn ljmy, wbidb tbh sdripturhsdcnn tbh
th`pjrcn mhctb
(Cn`c 33;=<
=4)1 com lhioe sbut jut jg Ejm
s prhshodh,wbidb is dcnnhm spiritucn mhctb (< Ohpbi 9;71 M&D <9;=3). Khsus Dbrist rhmhh`s cnn`coaiom uodjomitijocnny grj` tbh twj mhctbs lrjuebt ly tbh Gcnn jg Cmc`, rcishscnn `coaiom grj` tbh ercvh, com rhstjrhs tbh` tj Ejm
s prhshodh gjr c kume`hot(Bhnc`co 3=;37
35). ]bh Ctjoh`hot cnsj rhmhh`s iomivimucns grj` tbhdjoshquhodhs jg tbhir jwo sios jo djomitijos jg rhphotcodh.
3
 
 l)
 
]bh twj trhhs.i)
 
 Cmc` com Hvh whrh eivho djognidtioe dj``com`hots jo purpjsh, com tbhrhgjrhgcdhm co irrhdjodinclnh situctijo io tbh Ecrmho jg Hmho; ]bhy djunm ojt ahhp tbhdj``com`hot tj `untipny com rhpnhoisb tbh hcrtb, com, ct tbh sc`h ti`h, cnsj ahhptbh dj``com`hot tj ojt pcrtcah jg tbh gruit jg tbh trhh jg aojwnhmeh jg ejjm comhvin.
<
 (3)
 
QTNIMH 4P
]bh sdripturhs shh` tj iomidcth tbct Ejm bi`shng drhcthm tbis minh``ccs pcrt jg tbh pnco jg scnvctijo;
Com tj lrioe cljut QEjm’sP hthrocn purpjshs io tbh hom jg `co, cgthr bh bcmdrhcthm jur girst pcrhots…it `ust ohhms
lh tbct tbhrh wcs co jppjsitijo1 hvhotbh gjrlimmho gruit io jppjsitijo tj tbh trhh jg nigh1 tbh joh lhioe swhht comtbh jtbhr litthr.
4
Ubhrhgjrh, tbh Njrm Ejm ecvh uotj `co tbct bh sbjunm cdtgjr bi`shng. Ubhrhgjrh, `co djunm ojt cdt gjr bi`shng scvh it sbjunm lh tbct bhwcs hotidhm ly tbh joh jr tbh jtbhr. (
< Ohpbi <;38
37
.)
(<)
 
Tj tbh djomitijos io tbh Ecrmho jg Hmho whrh
mhsieohm 
tj drhcth c gcnnho wjrnm
iotj wbidb Ejm’s dbinmrho djunm dj`h com wbhrh tbhy djunm hxphrihodh ejjm com
hvin com lh thsthm.
=
 (c)
 
]bis is mistiodtny migghrhot grj` tbh trcmitijocn Dbristico vihw jg tbh Gcnn, io
 wbidb Cmc` com Hvh’s cdtijos crh shho cs c miscsthr tbct lrjuebt jony 
djrruptijo com mhprcvity iotj tbh wjrnm.
8
 
3
 
 Hodydnjphmic jg @jr`jois`
 
(399<), s.v. ‘Gcnn jg Cmc`,‗ <;=27 (
bttp;//hj`.lyu.hmu/iomhx.pbp/GcnnZjgZCmc`
).
<
Thh cnsj 
 jo pceh3<. 
4
Ubidb trhh is swhht com wbidb is litthr: Thh 3 Ohpbi 2;33.
=
C djuothr vihw jg tbis dj`hs grj` Lriebc` Yjuoe, wbj lhnihvhm tbct tbh cddjuots jg tbh Gcnn tbct wh bcvh whrh
 lcly stjrihs
(
 Kjurocn jg Misdjurshs
<;71
bttp;//ho.gcir`jr`jo.jre/KjurocnZjgZMisdjurshs/</3#7
), com tbct Cmc` com Hvh rhcnny mim bcvh gunn aojwnhmeh jg wbct tbhy whrh mjioe.
8
 
]bh uolhnihg com misjlhmihodh jg jur girst pcrhots lrjuebt ojt jony jo tbh`shnvhs tbis `ishry com ruio, it hotcinhm cnsjtbh sc`h scm djoshquhodhs jo cnn tbhir mhsdhomcots.
 Hcstjo’s Lilnh Midtijocry
(3295), s.v.
‘Gcnn jg 
 
`co‗
 (
bttp;//www.lilnhnhcro.dj`/hcst346=.bt`
).
 
Burridcoh Xtcb Cmunt \hnieijo Dncss Jnm ]hstc`hot; ]bh Gcnn, tbh thnhsticn wjrnm, Dcio com Clhn Uhha =, Vceh <© <634, @iah Vcrahr bttp;//lit.ny/nmscrd Gjr phrsjocn ush jony. Ojt c Dburdb pulnidctijo.
d)
 
]h`ptctijo.i)
 
QTNIMH =P
]bh shrphot.(3)
 
]bh Ehohsis cddjuot mjhs ojt imhotigy tbh shrphot witb Tctco.
7
 (c)
 
Io Ehohsis tbh shrphot is pjrtrcyhm si`pny cs c mhdhptivh drhcturh jr
tridasthr
,
5
prj`jtioe cs ejjm wbct Ejm bcm mirhdtny gjrlimmho.(l)
 
]bh djoohdtijo lhtwhho tbh shrphot com Tctco wcs `cmh io ncthr Khwisb comDbristico nithrcturh.
2
 (<)
 
Io @jshs dbcpthr =
Kjshpb T`itb
’s
trcosnctijo jg Ehohsis 4
tbh shrphot is coiothnniehot, sphcaioe drhcturh witb its jwo winn. Bh is c gjnnjwhr jg Tctco, comTctco sphcas tj Hvh tbrjueb tbh shrphot. (@jshs =;8
7.)
9
 (4)
 
Io tbh th`pnh homjw`hot, tbh shrphot is ojt hvho prhshot1 iosthcm, Tctco cpphcrsio tbh Ecrmho cs co h`ljmihm bu`co, com djovhrshs witb Cmc`, Hvh, com Ejm csjoh iomivimucn djovhrshs witb cojtbhr.(=)
 
Bjw mj wh rhdjodinh tbhsh tbrhh vcryioe cddjuots: @y sueehstijo is tbct cnn jg tbh` crh biebny sy`ljnid com `htcpbjridcn, com tbct wh dco nhcro i`pjrtcottrutbs grj` cnn tbrhh cddjuots.
36
 ii)
 
QTNIMH 8P
Ehohsis 4;=
8
. Tctco
’s sultnh scnhs pitdb
.(3)
 
4;=. Bh stcrts ly mhoyioe tbhy winn mih. ]bis is c
bcng-trutb;
 
]bhy wjunmo’t mih tbh
 vhry `j`hot tbhy cth tbh gruit, lut tbhy wjunm hvhotucnny mih.(<)
 
4;8. Bh tbho cttriluths Ejm’s `jtivhs tj khcnjusy; Bh i`pnihs tbct Ejm bcs tjnm
tbh` ojt tj hct jg tbh trhh jg aojwnhmeh lhdcush tbhy winn lhdj`h hqucn tj Ejm.]bis shts up c djognidt lhtwhho Ejm com `co lcshm jo `istrust, mjult, comerhhm.(4)
 
4;8. Bh dnjshs witb tbh trutb tbct hctioe tbh gruit
winn 
lrioe tbh` aojwnhmeh.
7
 
 Tctco
is c trcosnctijo jg tbh Bhlrhw 

 
(
bc-sctco
), ‘tbh cmvhrscry, tbh jppjshr.‗
Tctco cpphcrs io tbh Jnm ]hstc`hotcs c suphrocturcn lhioe io Kjl 3
<, com pjssilny [hdbcricb 4;3
<. ]bh twj jtbhr jddurrhodhs jg tbh oc`h
 Tctco
io tbh AKW (3 Dbrjoidnhs <3;31 Vscn` 369;7) niahny rhghr tj bu`co lhioes com tbhrhgjrh sbjunm lh
trcosncthm ‘cmvhrscry.‗
]bh `ckjrity jg sdbjncrs lhnihvh tbct tbh djodhpt jg Tctco io Bhlrhw tbhjnjey mim ojt cpphcr uotin tbh shdjom dhotury 
L
.
D
., com whrh dcrrihmjvhr grj` tbhrh iotj Dbristicoity (
]bh Codbjr Lilnh Midtijocry
QMjulnhmcy, 399<P,
s.v. ‘Tctco,‗
8;925). ]bh Kjshpb T`itb
]rcosnctijo ioshrts Tctco iotj tbh drhctijo stjrihs, lheiooioe witb @jshs’ hodjuothr jo tbh
`juotcio (@jshs 3;3<
<=), com
djotiouioe witb c rhdjuotioe jg Tctco’s gcnn grj` bhcvho com bis th`ptctijo jg Cmc` com Hvh (@jshs =;3—
7).
5
Io `ytbjnjey, c
tridasthr
is c mhity wbj lrhcas tbh runhs jg tbh ejms jr octurh, sj`hti`hs `cnidijusny lut usucnny, cnlhituoiothotijocnny, witb unti`cthny pjsitivh hgghdts (shh 
). GjrKhws, tbh shrphot is co
htijnjeidcn `ytb
 
jr ‘
 kust-
sj stjry‗ tbct hxpncios tbh jrieio jg socahs, wby tbhy snitbhr jo tbh erjuom
iosthcm jg wcnaioe jo nhes, com wby tbhrh is bjstinity lhtwhho tbh` com `co (Ehohsis 4;3=
38).
2
Thh hsphdicnny \hvhnctijo <6;<
, ‘
 Com Qtbh coehnP ncim bjnm jo tbh mrcejo, tbct jnm shrphot, wbidb is tbh Mhvin, com Tctco,com ljuom bi` c tbjuscom yhcrs
.‗ ]bis djoohdtijo `cy ej lcda cs gcr cs tbh sixtb dhotury 
L
.
D
.1 Nhbi bi`shng `cahs it io< Ohpbi <;32.
9
Ehjreh S. Dcoojo, c `h`lhr jg tbh Girst Vrhsimhody ct tbh ti`h, tjja tbh c
ddjuot io tbh @jshs cs tbh cddurcth joh; ‘
BhQTctcoP bcs iostinnhm iotj tbh `ioms jg tbh dbinmrho jg `ho bctrhm gjr tbh trutb
tbct is, hvhry joh tbct bcs lhho winnioe tj nisthotj bi`. Bh bcs hothrhm iotj tbh`, tcaho pjsshssijo jg tbhir sjuns, com bcs ushm tbh` tj cddj`pnisb bis widahm purpjshs. Bhbcs mjoh tbis tbrjueb `co. Bh djunm ojt mj it witbjut bh bcm sj`h tclhrocdnh tj jphrcth tbrjueb. Bh djunm ojt mhdhivh Hvh
jr mim ojt mhdhivh bhr
hxdhpt tbrjueb tbh `hcos jg tbh shrphot. Bh hothrhm iotj tbh shrphot. ]bh shrphot wcs winnioe,mjultnhss, tj nht bi` hothr, com bh spjah tbrjueb tbh shrphot. It wcs tbh `jutb jg tbh shrphot, lut it wcs tbh vjidh jg Tctco tbct lheuinhm tbh wj`co.
Dcoojo, 32 Jdtjlhr 322=.
 Kjurocn jg Misdjurshs
<7;<8<(
bttp;//ho.gcir`jr`jo.jre/KjurocnZjgZMisdjurshs/<7/<8#<8<
).
36
Jo tbh cdtucn rhcnity jg tbh vcrijus cddjuots jg tbh Gcnn, shh `y dj``hots jo
tbh Drhctijo stjry cs ‘mivioh `ytb‗ io
ojths tj nhssjo 4, pcehs 3=
38(
).
 
Burridcoh Xtcb Cmunt \hnieijo Dncss Jnm ]hstc`hot; ]bh Gcnn, tbh thnhsticn wjrnm, Dcio com Clhn Uhha =, Vceh 4© <634, @iah Vcrahr bttp;//lit.ny/nmscrd Gjr phrsjocn ush jony. Ojt c Dburdb pulnidctijo.
(c)
 
]bh hxcdt prj`ish is tbct tbhy 
sbcnn lh cs ejms Q
hnjbi`
P, aojwioe ejjm comhvin
.‗
33
 m)
 
QTNIMH 7P
Djoshquhodh; ]bh tbrhh dursioes.i)
 
Ehohsis 4;3=
38
. ]bhrh crh ct nhcst twj wcys tj iothrprht tbis;(3)
 
]bh shrphot 
 wcs durshm.(c)
 
 Cddjrmioe tj joh Khwisb nhehom, tbh shrphot bcm bcoms com nhes io tbhEcrmho, com its gjr` wcs dbcoehm sj tbct it wjunm snitbhr jo its lhnny.
3<
 (l)
 
Ejm pncdhm
ho`ity
(coi`jsity jr bctrhm) lhtwhho `ho com socahs. @ho
 wjunm sthp jo tbh socah’s bhcm, com tbh socah wjunm io rhturo lith `co’s
bhhn.(i)
 
]bh Bhlrhw wjrm trcosncthm ‘lruish‗ (
טצ׭טש׫
/
sbuwpb
) `hcos tj ‘drusb‗jr ‘striah.‗
 (d)
 
]bh shrphot wcs joh jg tbh coi`cns dncssigihm cs ‘uodnhco‗ io tbh
ncw eivho tj@jshs (Nhvitidus 33;=<).(<)
 
 Tctco
 wcs durshm.(c)
 
Io tbis vihw, tbh dursh is `htcpbjridcn; Tctco, wbj bcm prhvijusny lhho dcstjut jg bhcvho gjr rhlhnnijo, ojw lhdc`h
tbh njwnihst jg Ejm’s drhctijos.
 (l)
 
Ehohsis 4;38 is iothrprhthm ly `coy Dbristicos tj rhghr tj Khsus.
34
 (i)
 
Tctco mhnivhrhm c drippnioe lnjw tj tbh shhm jg tbh wj`co (Khsus, tbrjuebbis drudigixijo), wbj io turo mhnivhrhm c gctcn lnjw tj tbh shrphot (ly mhghctioe mhctb com sio).ii)
 
Ehohsis 4;37
. Hvh’s puoisb`hot wcs twjgjnm;
 (3)
 
Tbh com bhr mcuebthrs wjunm hxphrihodh pcio io dbinmlirtb.
(‘I winn erhctny 
iodrhcsh yjur ncljr pcios1 witb pcio yju winn eivh lirtb tj dbinmrho
.‗”
OH])(<)
 
@ho winn wcot tj mj`iocth com djotrjn wj`ho. (‘Yju winn wcot tj djotrjn yjurbuslcom, lut bh winn mj`iocth yju.‗”
OH])
3=
 (c)
 
]bh shdjom bcng jg tbis vhrsh, kust niah tbh girst bcng, is c djomitijo jg tbh gcnnho
 wjrnm, ojt tbh Njrm’s
imhcn jrmhr.
38
 
33
]bh AKW com KT] ljtb tcah c nithrcn rhcmioe jg tbh Bhlrhw ojuo
hnjbi`
. ]bh pcrtidipnh
ojwioe‗ is
pnurcn io Bhlrhw,
sj it’s cpprjpricth tj trcosncth
hnjbi`
 
‘ejms,‗ cs it rhghrs tj Cmc` com Hvh. Tj`h Hoenisb Lilnhs (O\TW, OIW, OCTL) rhcm ‘
 yju winn lh niah Ejm
,‗ wbidb striahs `h c
 whca trcosnctijo lcshm jo tbhjnjeidcn djodhros. Jtbhrs tcah co hvho `jrh mistcotcpprjcdb
; ‘yju winn lh niah mivioh lhioes‗ (OH], KVT).
3<
 
 Khwisb Hodydnjphmic
 
(3937), s.v. ‘Cmc`, Ljja jg‗ (
bttp;//www.khwisbhodydnjphmic.dj`/crtidnhs/589-cmc`-ljja-jg 
).
34
\j`co Dctbjnids imhotigy 
tbh shhm jg tbh wj`co
cs @cry, tbh `jtbhr jg Khsus. ]bis trcmitijocn is jgtho pjrtrcyhm iorhnieijus idjojercpby witb @cry rhprhshothm stcomioe jo c socah (h.e.;
bttp;//lit.ny/38MEOMI
). ]bis is lcshm jo tbhtrcosnctijo jg Ehohsis 4;38 io twj codihot Lilnh vhrsijos (tbh Nctio Wunecth com tbh Djptid) wbidb
rhcm, ‘
 Tbh
sbcnn drusb yjur
bhcm.‗
 
3=
 
]bh Bhlrhw vhrl trcosncthm ‘runh jvhr‗ io tbh AKW (
משן
/
`csbcn 
) `hcos tj runh jvhr io c wcy tbct h`pbcsizhspjwhrgun djotrjn, mj`ioctijo, jr `csthry. Hnmhr Lrudh D. Bcgho com @crih A. Bcgho bcvh creuhm tbct tbh Bhlrhw io tbis vhrsh
iomidcths ‘
runioe
witb
, ojt runioe
jvhr.
Bcgho com Bcgho,
Drjssioe ]brhsbjnms com Lhdj`ioe Hqucn Vcrtohrs
,‗
 Hosieo
, Cueust <665, <5 (
bttp;//www.nms.jre/hosieo/<665/62/drjssioe-tbrhsbjnms-com-lhdj`ioe-hqucn-pcrtohrs
). ]bhrh crh
djosimhrclnh prjlnh`s witb tbh Bcghos’ creu`hot
, bjwhvhr1
shh ‘
Vncyioe Gcst com Njjsh:
‗,
 GcitbVrj`jtioe\u`jr.dj`
,2 Cueust <665 (
bttp;//gcitbprj`jtioeru`jr.wjrmprhss.dj`/<665/62/62/pncyioe-gcst-com-njjsh
).
38
 
Thh cnsj Vrhsimhot Ejrmjo L. Biodanhy’s rh`cras io tbh Jdtjlhr 3993 Uj`ho’s Djoghrhodh
 (
bttp;//www.nms.jre/ehohrcn-djoghrhodh/3993/36/mcuebthrs-jg-ejm
).

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