Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Old Testament: Noah Week 6, Page 3 © 2013, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
The final straw. a)
of God‖ and ―daughters of men‖ (
This ancient story
which is explained in greater detail in 1 Enoch 6
concerns fallen angels and mortal women.
According to Jewish legend, these divine beings came to earth and took mortal wives, and their resulting offspring were the
, or ―fallen ones,‖ who were giants.
takes a different approach, identifying the ―sons of God‖ as the righteous sons of Noah, whose daughters married the unrighteous ―sons of men.‖
And yet the Nephilim (―giants‖) also appear in the Joseph Smith Translation
(Moses 7:15; 8:18), only without explanation of their origins. iii)
It may be that the Genesis account is corrupted, and the JST is a restoration of the original account. However, considering the important extrabiblical sources that discuss this episode, it seems more likely that Genesis 6 and Moses 8 are two separate accounts from separate sources. iv)
Whatever the situation was, it was the final straw: Mankind was totally given over to wickedness, and the Flood was now inevitable. The Lord gave humans 120 more years before promising to destroy them (Genesis 6:3).
It repented the L
that he had made man on the earth
does not mean God sought forgiveness for sinning; it means he was
He regretted that that he had made men, because it brought him so much pain.
The JST softens the impact of the verse by transferring the sense of sorrow and regret to Noah (Moses 8:25).
The Hebrew phrase translated
sons of God
‖—or, literally, ―sons of the gods‖ (
occurs only here (Genesis 6:2, 4) and in Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7. In each occurrence, the reference is to heavenly beings, part of the divine council. 1
Enoch 6:2 calls them ―angels, the sons of the heavens‖
). 1 Enoch 6:7 even
names the ringleaders. The ―sons of God‖ in Genesis 6:2 are distinct from humankind (KJV ―men‖) in 6:1.
For background on 1 Enoch, see notes to week 5, pages 1
1 Enoch 7:2 says the Nephilim were 3,000 cubits (approximately 2,000 feet) high. The Nephilim only appear in one other Old Testament passage: In Numbers 13:32
33 the spies sent into Canaan returned with a report that the land contained
], the sons of Anak, which come of the giants [
]: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers
Nephilim also appear in several apocryphal books, including the Wisdom of Solomon 14:6; Sirach 16:7; Baruch 3:26; 3 Maccabees 2:4; and Jubilees 5:2.
The phrase ―yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years‖ (Genesis 6:3) could be interpreted to mean that human
life expectancy would be 120 from this point on, but (with the exception of Moses) the scriptural narrative following this passage does not support that interpretation.
means God ―was grieved,‖ or ―was sorry.‖ In certain contexts it
mean ―relented‖ or ―repented,‖ but that is not the best application in Genesis 6:5–
R. B. Chisholm, ―Does God ‗Change His Mind‘?‖
Dec 1995), 387
The Old Testament presents God as willing to change his mind about his course of action, depending on human reaction to his commands. A few examples include: The Lord intended to destroy Israel because of its wickedness, but Moses convinced him not to do it (Exodus 32:9
14).The Lord promised to destroy Israel like a swarm of locusts or a shower of fire, but Amos pleaded with him, and the Lord rescinded the destruction (Amos 7:1
6). The Lord told Jonah that he was going to destroy Nineveh, but after the Ninevites repented, he changed his mind (Jonah 3:1
10). I discuss t
he idea that God‘s foreknowledge is
limited in my notes to Doctrine and Covenants lesson 19, pages 7