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LDS Old Testament Notes 14: Samuel, Saul, David (1–2 Samuel)

LDS Old Testament Notes 14: Samuel, Saul, David (1–2 Samuel)

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Published by Mike Parker
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Slideshow for these notes: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29549473
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Slideshow for these notes: http://www.scribd.com/doc/29549473

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Published by: Mike Parker on Apr 06, 2010
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© 2014, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
Old Testament Week 14: Samuel, Saul, and David (1
2 Samuel)
1)
 
Introduction. a)
 
This is another lesson that covers a large amount of reading material. (There are 4½ Gospel Doctrine lessons for this single class.
1
)
2)
 
The Samuel Principle: Revelation adapted to circumstances (1 Samuel 1
8). a)
 
[SLIDE 2]
Historical outline. i)
 
1 Samuel 1: Hannah and Elkanah were childless, so Hannah went to the Tabernacle to pray. They were blessed with a son, whom she named Samuel.
2
 She placed Samuel in the service of Eli the high priest at the Tabernacle. ii)
 
1 Samuel 2: Hophni and Phinehas, the sons of Eli, committed wickedness by demanding more than the due priestly share of sacrifices when people came to the Tabernacle, and by committing fornication with women who loitered around the door to the Tabernacle courtyard. Eli rebuked them, but did not restrain them or
remove them from service. An unnamed ―man of God‖ c
ame to Eli, chastised him, and prophesied that his sons would die and the Lord will replace them with a faithful high priest. iii)
 
1 Samuel 3: The Lord called the boy Samuel to be a prophet and told him that he intended
to destroy Eli’s house. All Israel accept
ed Samuel as a prophet. iv)
 
1 Samuel 4: Israel brought the Ark of the Covenant before them in battle against the Philistines. The Israelites were routed, and the Philistines took the ark to their own land. As prophesied, Hophni and Phinehas were slain the battle. Eli, on hearing the news, fell over and died
. Phinehas’ wife die
d in childbirth.  v)
 
1 Samuel 5
6: The presence of the ark brought plagues on the Philistines. They returned it to the Israelites, along with an offering.  vi)
 
1 Samuel 7: Samuel exhorted Israel to abandon the false gods of the Canaanites. He offered sacrifice in the Tabernacle on their behalf. Israel repented, and the Lord  blessed them in their campaign to recover their lands from the Philistines. Samuel  became the last judge of Israel.  vii)
 
1 Samuel 8:
 When Samuel’s own sons turn
ed to wickedness, the elders of Israel implored him
to ―make us a king to judge us like all the nations‖ (8:5).
3
 Samuel took their request to the Lord, who granted
it, saying, ―they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them‖ (8:7). Samuel warn
ed the Israelites of the abuses of power they would suffer under a king, but the elders of Israel insisted that is what they wanted.  b)
 
[SLIDE 3]
There are two important principles contained in this story: i)
 
The Samuel Principle.
4
 
1
 These are Gospel Doctrine (2013) lessons 20
24.
2
 
 Samuel
means ―God has heard,‖ a fitting name for Hannah to give to the son for whom she prayed.
 
3
 
This is contrary to Gideon’s instructions in Judges 8:23.
 
4
 This section is based on a presentation given by Larry E. Dahl at the CES Old Testament Symposium, August 1995, at Brigham Young University.
 
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Old Testament: Samuel, Saul, and David Week 14, Page 2 © 2014, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
ii)
 
Circumstantial commandments. c)
 
Difficult questions these principles can help us resolve. i)
 
 Why are the policies in the Church today regarding divorce and remarriage more lenient than those taught by the Savior? ii)
 
 Why has the temple garment style changed over time, seemingly to accommodate  worldly clothing styles? iii)
 
If the principles taught in the temple are eternal, why has the presentation of the endowment been changed occasionally? iv)
 
 Why is raucous music with telestial lyrics allowed at some Church functions and  within Church meetinghouses?  v)
 
 Why can a man with a beard receive a temple recommend and serve in the Church,  while that same man cannot attend BYU, serve a mission, or serve as a temple ordinance worker?  vi)
 
If dress and grooming standards are so important, why do they keep changing? (1)
 
 At BYU: Women had to wear skits; men wore slacks. Then men could wear jeans, then women. Then shorts, etc. (2)
 
 And if these things are so changeable, why don’t we just change them to
something we want now?  vii)
 
 Why does the Church require such strict dress and conduct standards from
missionaries? Wouldn’t they be more effective if th
ey dressed and behaved more
―normally‖ and blended in with society?
 d)
 
Key scripture passages. i)
 
1 Samuel 8:1
22. (1)
 
Israel wanted a king so they could be ―like all the nations‖ (
1 Samuel 8:1, 2
5
). (2)
 
Saul was anointed king and all of Samuel’s predictions came to pa
ss. (3)
 
Instead of getting angry and finding another people to be his chosen people, the allowed Israel to live a standard less than what he wanted for them and tried to make that system work for them. It was not the celestial Law; it was a lesser law. (4)
 
The same thing happened at Sinai: The celestial law was given, then taken away and replaced by the Law of Moses. (a)
 
Paul explains this in
Galatians 3:19, 24
:
Why then was the law given? It was added because of transgressions, until the arrival of the descendant to whom the promise had been made [Jesus Christ
5
]. It was administered through angels by an intermediary [Moses
6
].
….
 Thus the law had become our guardian
[KJV: “schoolmaster”]
7
 until Christ, so that we could be declared righteous by faith. (NET.)
5
 
Paul identifies the descendant (KJV ―the seed‖) as Christ in Galatians 3:16.
 
6
 
Paul doesn’t directly identify Moses as the intermediary (KJV ―the mediator‖
), but it seems most likely, as it was he through whom God administered the Law.
 
Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Old Testament: Samuel, Saul, and David Week 14, Page 3 © 2014, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
e)
 
[SLIDE 4]
The Samuel Principle. i)
 
 Depending upon people
’  
s spiritual maturity, willingness and ability to live the laws of God, God sometimes permits lesser laws than the celestial law to be the policies and standards as a
“  
schoolmaster
”  
 to keep us tethered to him and bring us gradually to a higher level 
. ii)
 
[SLIDE 5]
 President Ezra Taft Benson:
If you see some individuals in the Church doing things that disturb you, or you feel the Church is not doing things the way you think they could or should be done, the following principles might be helpful: God has to work through mortals of varying degrees of spiritual progress. Sometimes he temporarily grants to men their unwise requests in order that they
might learn from their own sad experiences. Some refer to this as the “Samu
el
principle.” The children of Israel wanted a king like all the other nations. The
prophet Samuel was displeased and prayed to the Lord about it. The Lord
responded by saying, Samuel, “they have not rejected thee, but they have
rejected me, that I should
not reign over them.”
[SLIDE 8]
 The Lord told Samuel to warn the people of the consequences if they had a king. Samuel gave them the warning. But they still insisted on their king. So God gave them a king and let them suffer. They learned the hard way. God wanted it to be otherwise, but within certain bounds he grants unto men according to their desires. Bad experiences are an expensive school that only fools keep going to.
Sometimes in our attempts to mimic the world, and contrary to the prophet’s
counsel,
we run after the world’s false educational, political, musical, and dress
ideas. New worldly standards take over, a gradual breakdown occurs, and finally, after much suffering, a humble people are ready to be taught once again a higher law.
8
 
iii)
 
[SLIDE 9]
Case study: the principle of divorce as taught by the Savior. (1)
 
Before we discuss this illustration, I want to be clear that I’m aware there are
some here who have personally experienced divorce. The following discussion is not intended to accuse anyone of sin or to point fingers. (2)
 
The rules regarding divorce under the Law given to Moses are found in
Deuteronomy 24:1
2
. A husband could divorce his wife by giving her a written document. (3)
 
Matthew 19:3
9
. ―Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts‖ permitted
the lesser standard found in the Law.
9
 (a)
 
―But from the beginning it was not so
.
There was higher, celestial law that  was had before Moses
—―from the beginning,‖ or the time of Adam.
 (4)
 
 Aside: Clarification on Matthew 19:9b.
7
 From the Greek
 paidagogos
 (
παιδαγωγός
),
―guardian‖ (NET, NIV, ESV, HCSB), ―disciplinarian‖ (NRSV),
 
―tutor‖ (NASB),
custodian,
 or
guide
.‖ A
 paidagogos
 was a man, usually a slave, whose duty it was to conduct a boy or youth to and from school and to superintend his conduct gener
ally. He was not a ―teacher‖ (
didaskalos
 /
διδασκαλος
; as in Romans 2:20).
8
 
Ezra Taft Benson, ―Jesus Christ: Gifts and Expectations,‖ address on BYU
 campus, 10 December 1974 (
http://speeches.byu.edu/?act=viewitem&id=90
).
9
 
The ―lesser standard‖ was codified in
Deuteronomy 24:1
4.

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