Hurricane Utah Adult Religion Class Old Testament: Amos, Hosea, Jonah, Micah Week 17, Page 2 © 2014, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
The traditional dates that determined the order in which they were placed were sometimes wrong. In our course we will study them in the likely order in which they were produced, beginning tonight with Amos, Hosea, Jonah, and Micah. b)
Before we start, I’d like to recap a little of the history from lesson 1
Following the death of Solomon around 931
., his kingdom was divided in two. The northern kingdom was called Israel or Ephraim, and the southern kingdom was called Judah. ii)
The four prophets we’ll be studying tonight
lived about 200 years after the kingdoms were divided, during the 8th century
During this time, Assyria was the dominant power in the Near East,
and was a constant threat to Israel and Judah’s independence and security.
The dark green area on this map indicates the boundaries of Assyria at the end of the 9th century, when Israel and Judah were still independent kingdoms. By the time we get to the end of this lesson and the beginning of the 7th century, Assyria will have overrun Israel, and turned Judah into a vassal state.
Amos is probably the earliest prophet in the Old Testament
’s prophetic writings
He was one of a few prophets who ministered in the northern kingdom of Israel. iii)
According to the superscription (Amos 1:1), Amos prophesied during the long and peaceful reign of Jeroboam II (788
.). His ministry was probably during the decade of 760
During this time, Israel was at the height of prominence and prosperity. (2)
But, as we see so often in the scriptures, this prosperity led to wickedness. In this case there were gross inequalities between the wealthy and the poor. Wealthy landowners manipulated debt and credit to take land away from small family farmers. iv)
Amos himself was a farmer and shepherd from Tekoa, a small village in the southern kingdom of Judah, about 10 miles south of Jerusalem.
His name means ―b
His name has connections to Malachi, who referred to his calling as
of the word of the L
‖ (Malachi 1:1), and the Book of Mormon prophet Jacob,
who told the Nephites that
―the word of God
me because of your grosser
crimes‖ (Jacob 2: 23).
After Amos was called by the Lord, he went to Bethel, the capital of Israel and center of idol worship where king Jeroboam II lived.
See notes to lesson 15, pages 2
The superscription indicates that Amos’ ministry started ―two years before the earthquake.‖ This earthquake was apparently an event significant enough to be remembered as simply ―
earthquake.‖ Amos indicated several times that this
earthquake was a sign of the truth of his prophecy against Israel (Amos 4:13; 8:8; 9:1, 5).
Tekoa is most often identified as the modern Khirbet Taqu
a, a site on the eastern slopes of the Judean hills about 10 miles south of Jerusalem.