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CDGK Solid Waste Management

CDGK Solid Waste Management

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Published by: shoai_bkhan on Apr 06, 2010
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06/08/2011

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CDGK SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Karachi generates about 10000 tons of solid waste per day. 90% waste that is generated is recyclable. Itis managed in the following manner:• 40% reduced by informal sector which is now being recovered by private sector/market forces/ininformal sector 
(No expense incurred by Government)
Hospital Waste lyingItem to be recycled include• Bones• Glass
(Scraps)
• Paper 
(Scrap/Cardboard)
Plastics/Polyethylene• Tin/Metals • Rubber/tyre & tubes• Waste oil/grease• 60% of the items are biodegradable/organic
(vegetable, fruits matter and organic waste)
which are notrecoved and cause environmental hazards.Waste generation estimates of 1998.S.NoCITyGenerationKg/C/dayRate Kg/h/dayWaste tons/dayGeneratedtons/year 1Karachi0.6134.2916,450.02,354,250
Solid waste generation on the basis of population for 2009CityPopulation(million)2009 CensusPopulation(million)2004Solid WasteGenerationrateKg/C/DayWastegeneratedtons/dayTons/year karachi20.2510.81810.186,6322,420,680Physical composition of waste (% weight)
 
City KarachiPlastic and rubber6.40Metals0.75Paper4.10Card board2.40Rags8.40Glass1.50Bones3.00Food waste21.00Animal waste3.00Leaves, grass, etc14.00Wood2.25Fines29.70Stones3.50SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY:The government of Pakistan enacted the pakistan environmental protection agency (PEPA)in1997—which is the most recent and updated legislation on environment. It provides aframework for establishing federal and provincial environmental protection agencies (EPAs).One of the functions of Pak-EPA is to assist the local councils, local authorities, Governmentagencies and other persons to implement schemes for the proper disposal of wastes so as toensure compliance with the standards established by it.Presently the legal rules and regulations dealing with solid waste management in Pakistan are asfollows:
Current:
Section 11 of the Pakistan Environmental protection Act prohibits discharge of waste inan amount or concentration that violates the national environmental quality standards.
Draft hazardous substances rules of 1999.
Islamabad Capital territory bye laws, 1968 by capital development authority Islamabad
“section 132 of the cantonment act 1924 deals with deposits and disposal of rubbish etc
Provisions contained in the local Government Ordinance, 2001.
Required:
 
 
The rules and guidelines that are yet to be introduced include:
Basic Recycling rules
Waste management rules
E-Waste Management rules
Development of Environmental Performance Indicators (EPI)
Eco-Labeling guidelines and its promotion
Adoption of life cycle assessment approaches
Guidelines for environmentally sound collection and disposal
Guidelines for model landfill site
Total Garbage (Town wise)=10000.00 tons/day

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