Phil, lets say I had a gold nugget from panning and I wanted to refine it. Since it is about16 to 18.5k gold I would most likely inquart it, (melt it with silver to lower karatmelt it with silver to lower karat), (at18% I might be able to just use nitric without inquarting, but to insure I got all the basemetals, I would “quarter” the gold with silver).
(NOTE: To inquart gold: 75% silver 25% gold. Melt together in a melting dish, and drop into metal bowl (NOTE: To inquart gold: 75% silver 25% gold. Melt together in a melting dish, and drop into metal bowl with cold water to form “flakes”. See Steve’s video. Then follow the procedurewith cold water to form “flakes”. See Steve’s video. Then follow the procedure s stated below.) s stated below.)
1)Process inquarted gold thru Nitric solutionProcess inquarted gold thru Nitric solution. (50% water / 50% acid50% water / 50% acid. Heat if necessary) Now nitric can get down under the gold andattack the base metalsattack the base metals. Depending on howmuch silver I added, gold would be either brown powder or a much pitted nugget of gold.2)After reaction stops, allow to settle; decant nitric from goldAfter reaction stops, allow to settle; decant nitric from gold.To the nitric acid,after decanted from goldafter decanted from gold,add Hydrochloric acidadd Hydrochloric acidto “get back”, (dropdrop)the silver out of it as silver chloride. (Set aside for time being).3)Dissolve gold in AR solutionDissolve gold in AR solution. (80% HCI / 20% Nitric. Apply heat)
( ( Hoke states, 4 fl oz HCI (muratic acid) + 1fl oz HNO3 (nitric acid) will dissolve 1 troy oz of gold. This is Hoke states, 4 fl oz HCI (muratic acid) + 1fl oz HNO3 (nitric acid) will dissolve 1 troy oz of gold. This is equivalent to 31ml of HCI + 8ml of HNO3 per gm of gold.)equivalent to 31ml of HCI + 8ml of HNO3 per gm of gold.)
The gold would then be dissolved in Aqua Regia, best toonly useonly usethe amount of nitricneeded to get gold completely dissolved with heat. No need to use urea, I do not use urea;insteadinsteadI boil the Aqua Regia down to almost syrup (not to crystalsnot to crystals).4)Boil off nitric acidBoil off nitric acid before beforedropping gold with SMBdropping gold with SMB.Carefully watch first boil! What happens is, the nitric in solution gets concentrated andwill try and foam over atatthe most concentrated point, if you watch it, after boiling for awhile you will see foam bubbles forming around top of liquid; at this pointlower lower heat,waitwaituntil this point of concentration is passed, then you canraiseraiseheat.Once you have syrup, add some HCl to wet solution and boil it again to syrup. Do this for a total of three timesthree times, in order to eliminate nitric acid from the aqua regia solution (noneed to use urea). Now we can add 3 times the water. This will dilute the acid to where the silver chloridethat it held, (this is some Ag that was still in the goldthis is some Ag that was still in the gold), will come down as white cottagecheese; let solution sit overnight and decant solution from silver chloride powder. Nowwe can precipitate the gold from this yellow solution.
5)Precipitate gold with SMBPrecipitate gold with SMB NOTE: NOTE:Filter the solutionFilter the solutionBEFOREBEFORE precipitating gold with SMB precipitating gold with SMB!!
leavemealone, post re: what is my wrong?
Typically you want to use an equal amount of SMB, as the amount of gold you estimate in your solution IE: if you figure there’sroughly3 grams of gold3 grams of gold, use3 grams of 3 grams of SMBSMB, then test your solution after decanting. (If using copperas you need to double that figure.)