A concentration cell is an electrochemical cell where the two electrodes are the same material, theelectrolytes on the two half-cells involve the same ions, but the electrolyte concentration differsbetween the two half-cells.For example an electrochemical cell, where two copper electrodes are submerged in twocopper(II)sulfatesolutions, whose concentrations are 0.05Mand 2.0M, connected through a salt bridge. This
type of cell will generate a potential that can be predicted by the Nernst equation. Both electrodesundergo the same chemistry (although the reaction proceeds in reverse at the cathode)Le Chatelier's principleindicates that the reaction is more favourable to reduction as theconcentration of ions increases. Reduction will take place in the cell's compartmentwhere concentration is higher and oxidation will occur on the more dilute side.The following cell diagram describes the cell mentioned above:Where the half cell reactions for oxidation and reduction are:Where the cell's emf is calculated through Nernst equation as follows:'s value of this kind of cell is zero, as electrodes and ions are thesame in both half-cells. After replacing values from the casementioned, it is possible to calculate cell's potential:However, this value is only approximate, as reaction quotient isdefined in terms of ion activities which can be approximatedwith the concentrations as calculated here.The Nernst equation plays an important role in understandingelectrical effects in cells and organelles. Such effects includenervesynapsesandcardiac beatas well as the resting
potential of a somatic cell.