a. What is the church?
(i) The church is not a building; it is a people.
(ii) The word used in the Greek is ecclesia, which means \u201cassembly,\u201d those \u201ccalled out.\u201d
(a) \u201cThis is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness together with the
angel who was speaking to him on Mount Sinai, and who was with our fathers; and
he received living oracles to pass on to you\u201d (Acts 7:38).
(1) \u201cTherefore, I exhort the elders among you, asyour fellow elder and witness of
the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed,
shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion,
but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain, but with
eagerness; nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to
be examples to the flock. And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive
the unfading crown of glory\u201d (1 Pet. 5:1-4).
(2) \u201cBe on guard for yourselves and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood\u201d (Acts 20:28).
(b) Believers are called to submit to those whom the Lord has placed over them in His
(1) \u201cObey your leaders and submit to them, for they keep watch over your souls as
(1) \u201cDay by day continuing with one mind in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they were taking their meals together with gladness and sincerity of heart, praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord was adding to their number day by day those who were being saved\u201d (Acts 2:46-47).
(1) \u201cFor I, on my part, though absent in body but present in spirit, have already
judged him who has so committed this, as though I were present. In the name of
our Lord Jesus, when you are assembled, and I with you in spirit, with the power
of our Lord Jesus, I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction
of his flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. . . .
Remove the wicked man from among yourselves\u201d (1 Cor. 5:3-5, 13).
(2) \u201cIf your brother sins, go and show him his fault in private; if he listens to you,
you have won your brother. But if he does not listen to you, take one or two more
with you, so that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every fact may be
confirmed. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to
listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector\u201d (Matt.
(b) \u201cTherefore if there is any encouragement in Christ, if there is any consolation of love, if there is any fellowship of the Spirit, if any affection and compassion, make my joy complete by being of the same mind, maintaining the same love, united in spirit, intent on one purpose\u201d Phil. 2:1-2).
(c) \u201cLet us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who
promised is faithful; and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and
good deeds, not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but
encouraging one another; and all the more as you see the day drawing near\u201d (Heb.
(a) \u201cI solemnly chargey ou in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and His kingdom: preach the word; be ready in seasonand out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but
(b) \u201cSo when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, \u2018Simon,son of
John, do you love Me more than these?\u2019 He said to Him, \u2018Yes, Lord; You know that
I love You.\u2019 He said to him, \u2018Tend My lambs.\u2019 He said to him again a second time,
\u2018Simon,son of John, do you love Me?\u2019 He said to Him, \u2018Yes, Lord; You know that I
love You.\u2019 He said to him, \u2018Shepherd My sheep.\u2019 He said to him the third time,
\u2018Simon,son of John, do you love Me?\u2019 Peter was grieved because He said to him
the third time, \u2018Do you love Me?\u2019 And he said to Him, \u2018Lord, You know all things;
You know that I love You.\u2019 Jesus said to him, \u2018Tend My sheep\u2019\u201d (John 21:15-17).
(a) \u201cNow there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are varieties of
ministries, and the same Lord. There are varieties of effects, but the same God who
works all things in allpe rsons. But to each one is given the manifestation of the
Spirit for the common good\u201d (1 Cor. 12:4-7).
(b) \u201cAnd He gave someas apostles, and someas prophets, and someas evangelists,
and someas pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of
service, to the building up of the body of Christ; until we all attain to the unity of the
faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of
the stature which belongs to the fullness of Christ. As a result, we are no longer to
be children, tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of
doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming; but speaking the
truth in love, we are to grow up in allaspect s into Him who is the head,ev e n Christ,
from whom the whole body, being fitted and held together by what every joint
supplies, according to the proper working of each individual part, causes the growth
of the body for the building up of itself in love\u201d (Eph. 4:11-16).
(c) \u201cAnd Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, \u2018All authority has been given to Me
in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing
them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to
observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of
the age\u2019\u201d (Matt. 28:18-20).
a. The church is a body from which one may eventually be excluded.
(i) \u201cRemove the wicked man from among yourselves\u201d (1 Cor. 5:13).
(ii) \u201cLet him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector\u201d (Matt. 18:17).
(iii) \u201cThey went out from us\u201d (1 John 2:19).
(ii) \u201cFor I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor
things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other
created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus
our Lord\u201d (Rom. 8:38-39).
(iii) \u201cMy sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand\u201d (John 10:27-28).
(i) The word \u201cchurch\u201d is used in two different senses:
(a) Of the local body of professing believers.
(b) Of those who are truly purchased by Christ and placed into His body by the Holy
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