SECTION 1: ESSEXEssex Population
The population of Essex is 1.66million (JSNA 2008). ONS data shows thatbetween 1998 and 2008 the Essex population of Essex grew at an averagerate of 0.7% per year and is projected to grow to over 1.9 million (14%increase) by 2029.Gender
Overall, men make up 48.8% of the population of Essex. Women make up51.2% of the population.10.Males slightly outnumber females up until the age of 30. Of the populationaged 65+ around 56% are women and by the age of 85+ this figure hasincreased to over 68%. These differences are largely due to consistentpatterns of longer life expectancy in women.Age / Life Expectancy
As the population continues to live longer, levels of impairment will continue toincrease also. This means it is important to examine the age distribution of thecounty.
Compared to England as a whole, Essex has proportionately more younger and older people.
Tendring has the highest proportion of older people in the East of England, (1in 3 residents over 65). Within this district Clacton-on-Sea and Frinton-on-Seahave a high population of retired people. Castle Point also has a relativelyolder population (1 in 4 residents over 65).
Thurrock has a much younger population (only 1 in 7 people aged 65 or over)and 21% children (aged 0-15).
Life expectancy (indicating many other social and economic factors) varieshugely across Essex. In Southend it is 78.1 and in Thurrock it is 78.2 (this isstill near the average for England, which is 78.3), but in Uttlesford it is 88.7(potentially indicating a better quality of life or care). 16.Lower life expectancies are more common in vulnerable groups, such asgypsies/travellers or those with serious mental illness.Disability Statistics17.According to the General Household Survey 2002, about 21% of the totaladult population is disabled
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