To install a DNS server1.
, select the
check box, and then click
Subcomponents of Networking Services
, select the
Domain Name System (DNS)
, and then click
If prompted, in
Copy files from
, type the full path to the distribution files, and then click
.Required files are copied to your hard disk.Notes
To perform this procedure, you must be a member of theAdministratorsgroup on the local computer,or you must have beendelegatedthe appropriate authority. If the computer is joined to a domain,members of theDomain Adminsgroup might be able to perform this procedure. As a security bestpractice, consider usingRun asto perform this procedure.
To open the Windows Components Wizard, click
Add orRemove Programs
, and then click
Add/Remove Windows Components
Certain Windows components require configuration before they can be used. If you installed one ormore of these components but did not configure them, when you click
, a list of components that need to be configured is displayed. To start the WindowsComponents Wizard, click
It is recommended that you manually configure the computer to use a static IP address. If the DNSserver is configured to useDHCP-assigned dynamic addresses, when the DHCP server assigns a newIP address to the DNS server, the DNS clients configured to use that DNS server's previous IP addresswill be unable to resolve the previous IP address and locate the DNS server.
After you install a DNS server, you can decide how to administer it and its zones. Although you canuse a text editor to make changes to server boot and zone files, this method is not recommended. TheDNS console and the DNS command-line tool, dnscmd, simplify maintenance of these files andshould be used whenever possible. Once you begin using console-based or command-line managementof these files, manually editing them is not recommended. For more information, see Related Topics.
DNS zones stored in Active Directory can be administered using the DNS console or the dnscmdcommand-line tool only. These zones cannot be administered using a text editor.
If you uninstall a DNS server hosting Active Directory–integrated zones, these zones will be saved ordeleted according to their storage type. For all storage types, the zone data is stored on other domaincontrollers or DNS servers and will not be deleted unless the DNS server that you uninstall in the lastDNS server hosting that zone.
If you uninstall a DNS server hosting standard DNS zones, the zone files will remain in thesystemroot \system32\Dns directory, but they will not be reloaded if the DNS server is reinstalled. If you create a new zone with the same name as an old zone, the old zone file is replaced with the newzone file.
When writing DNS server boot and zone data to text files, DNS servers use theBerkeley InternetName Domain (BIND)file format recognized by legacy BIND 4 servers, not the more recent BIND 8format.Related TopicsTo configure a DNS server for use with Active Directory