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Dns Notes 1

Dns Notes 1

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Published by: kumars_ddd on May 13, 2008
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10/31/2010

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 To install a DNS server1.
 
 
In
Components
, select the
Networking Services
check box, and then click 
Details
.3.
 
In
Subcomponents of Networking Services
, select the
Domain Name System (DNS)
check box,click 
OK
, and then click 
Next
.4.
 
If prompted, in
Copy files from
, type the full path to the distribution files, and then click 
OK
.Required files are copied to your hard disk.Notes
 
To perform this procedure, you must be a member of theAdministratorsgroup on the local computer,or you must have beendelegatedthe appropriate authority. If the computer is joined to a domain,members of theDomain Adminsgroup might be able to perform this procedure. As a security bestpractice, consider usingRun asto perform this procedure.
 
To open the Windows Components Wizard, click 
Start
, click 
Control Panel
, double-click 
Add orRemove Programs
, and then click 
Add/Remove Windows Components
.
 
Certain Windows components require configuration before they can be used. If you installed one ormore of these components but did not configure them, when you click 
Add/Remove WindowsComponents
, a list of components that need to be configured is displayed. To start the WindowsComponents Wizard, click 
Components
.
 
It is recommended that you manually configure the computer to use a static IP address. If the DNSserver is configured to useDHCP-assigned dynamic addresses, when the DHCP server assigns a newIP address to the DNS server, the DNS clients configured to use that DNS server's previous IP addresswill be unable to resolve the previous IP address and locate the DNS server.
 
After you install a DNS server, you can decide how to administer it and its zones. Although you canuse a text editor to make changes to server boot and zone files, this method is not recommended. TheDNS console and the DNS command-line tool, dnscmd, simplify maintenance of these files andshould be used whenever possible. Once you begin using console-based or command-line managementof these files, manually editing them is not recommended. For more information, see Related Topics.
 
DNS zones stored in Active Directory can be administered using the DNS console or the dnscmdcommand-line tool only. These zones cannot be administered using a text editor.
 
If you uninstall a DNS server hosting Active Directory–integrated zones, these zones will be saved ordeleted according to their storage type. For all storage types, the zone data is stored on other domaincontrollers or DNS servers and will not be deleted unless the DNS server that you uninstall in the lastDNS server hosting that zone.
 
If you uninstall a DNS server hosting standard DNS zones, the zone files will remain in thesystemroot \system32\Dns directory, but they will not be reloaded if the DNS server is reinstalled. If you create a new zone with the same name as an old zone, the old zone file is replaced with the newzone file.
 
When writing DNS server boot and zone data to text files, DNS servers use theBerkeley InternetName Domain (BIND)file format recognized by legacy BIND 4 servers, not the more recent BIND 8format.Related TopicsTo configure a DNS server for use with Active Directory
 
 
When Active Directory is installed using the Active Directory Installation Wizard, the option toautomatically install and configure a local DNS server for use is provided.To install Active Directory on this computer, use the Active Directory Installation Wizard. For moreinformation, see Related Topics.Notes
 
To perform this procedure, you must be a member of theAdministratorsgroup on the local computer,or you must have beendelegatedthe appropriate authority. If the computer is joined to a domain,members of theDomain Adminsgroup might be able to perform this procedure. As a security bestpractice, consider usingRun asto perform this procedure.
 
This procedure only applies to server computers used as domain controllers. If member servers areused as DNS servers, they are not integrated with Active Directory.
 
If you choose the Active Directory Installation Wizard option to automatically install and configure alocal DNS server, the DNS server is installed on the computer where you are running the wizard andthe computer's preferred DNS server setting is configured to use the new local DNS server. You willalso want to configure any other computers that will join this domain to use this DNS server's IPaddress as their preferred DNS server.
 
For more information about setting up DNS for Active Directory, seeMicrosoft Windows Deploymentand Resource Kits.
 
This feature is not included on computers running the Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003, WebEdition, operating system. For more information, seeOverview of Windows Server 2003, WebEdition.Related TopicsTo verify DNS registration for domain controllers using the nslookup command1.
 
 
Type:
nslookup
 3.
 
After the previous command completes, at the nslookup (">") prompt type:
set q=
rr_type
 4.
 
After the previous command completes, type:
_ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.
 Active_Directory_domain_name
 5.
 
Review the output of the previous SRV query and determine if further action is needed based onwhether the previous query succeeded or failed:
o
 
If the query succeeded, review the registered SRV RRs returned in the query to determine if alldomain controllers for your Active Directory domain are included and registered using valid IPaddresses.
o
 
If the query failed, continue troubleshooting dynamic update or DNS server related issues todetermine the exact cause of the problem.
Value Descriptionnslookup
 The name of the command-line program.
 
_ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.
 Active_Directory_domain_name
The DNS name configured for use with yourActive Directory domain and any of itsassociated domain controllers.For example, if the DNS domain name of yourActive Directory domain isexample.microsoft.com, type:
_ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.example.microsoft.com
.
set q=
 The command to send the query to the rootserver.
rr_type
 Theresource record (RR)type to apply as afilter for subsequent lookups.For example, in this instance, because you wantto limit subsequent name queries to filter andreturn only service location (SRV) RRs that usea specified name, type:
set q=srv
 Notes
 
Performing this task does not require you to haveadministrative credentials. Therefore, as a securitybest practice, consider performing this task as a user without administrative credentials.
 
To open a command prompt, click 
Start
, point to
All Programs
, point to
Accessories
, and then click 
Command Prompt
.
 
To view the complete syntax for this command, at a command prompt, type:
nslookup
, press
Enter
and then type
help
 
 
In some cases, when performing the above procedure, you might see several time-outs reported. Thishappens when reverse lookup is not configured for DNS servers servicing the same DNS domain asyour Active Directory domain.
 
The following is an example of command-line output for an Nslookup session, used to verify servicelocation (SRV) resource records that are registered by domain controllers. In this example, the twodomain controllers are dc1 and dc2 and are registered for the "example.microsoft.com" domain.
 
 
C:\nslookup
 
Default Server: dc1.example.microsoft.com
 
Address: 10.0.0.14
 
set type=srv
 
 _ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.example.microsoft.com
 
Server: dc1.example.microsoft.com
 
Address: 10.0.0.14
 
 _ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.example.microsoft.com SRV service location:
 
priority = 0
 
weight = 0
 
port = 389
 
svr hostname = dc1.example.microsoft.com
 
 _ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.example.microsoft.com SRV service location:
 
priority = 0
 
weight = 0

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