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l15 chapt9-2 web

l15 chapt9-2 web

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Published by Trip Adler

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Published by: Trip Adler on May 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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Chemistry 5
Chapter-9
 Electrons in Atoms Part-2
28 October 2002
 
Wave-Particle Duality
If light energy has particle-like properties, does matterhave wave-like properties?
de Broglie:
Small particles of matter may display wavelike properties!
photon:matter:
Rem: photoelectric effect where individual photons must have energy >threshold to observeelectron ejected from metal surface.
E(photon) = h
ν
and c =
νλ
E = mc
2
h
ν
= mc
2
h
ν
/c= mcBut c =
νλ
, and mc is momentum, ph/
λ
= p Now for particle of mass, m, andvelocity,
u
:
hhmup
λ 
= =
de Brogliewavelength
 
Does electron exhibit wavelike properties?
θ
gold foilelectron gun
G.P. Thomson passed an electron beam through a sheet of gold foil and observed intensity vs. deflection angle:
Key Observations & Implications:
“Diffraction Pattern”As detector is moved the intensity of transmitted electron varies(similar behavior is observed when X-ray source is used)These results imply that the electrons (X-rays) interfere when they pass through the gold film. This interference phenomena is called
diffraction
and is due to the wavelike properties of electrons.

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