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l12 chapt7-2 web

l12 chapt7-2 web

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Published by Trip Adler

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Published by: Trip Adler on May 13, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Chemistry 5
Chapter-7
Thermochemistry Part-2
21 October 2002
Great Job on Exam!
 
Three ways to increase energy of system?
Work = force x distance
Consider expansion of gas–how much work is done?
Demonstration-Observations?
Heat & Work 
adding material to it heating it doing work on it 
--for example, winding up a spring or pushinga weight.--it takes energy to do work If pressure inside can exceeds external pressure, thenlid flysoff!How much work is done???
 
Pressure-Volume Work:
Work (
) = force (F) x distance (h)
==
w = -
ext 
 x 
significance of negative sign?
significance of 
 P 
ext 
?
Units
WORK 
(remember: P = F/A)
P x A x hP x
V
When gas expands (
V > 0), work is done on surroundings; thenegative sign signifies energy leaves (as work) the system.External pressure against which system expands or thatcompressing the system.The pressure-volume work (L-atm) can be expressedin more familiar energy units of joule (J) using idealgas constants: 101.33 J/L-atm

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