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ch14-4web

ch14-4web

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Published by Trip Adler

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Published by: Trip Adler on May 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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Chem 5
Review -Part 2AfterwordDecember 16, 2002
 
Energetics
General principle: Hess’LawIonization energy:A(g)
A
+
(g) + e
-
(A and B not only atomsbut also molecules )
Electron affinity: B(g) + e
-
B
-
(g)Enthalpy of formation: Na(s) + ½Cl
2
(g)
NaCl (S)Bond energy:
(average, only for gas phase)
Lattice energy: Na
+
(g) + Cl
-
(g)
NaCl(s)
(Born-HaberCycle)
Enthalpy of vaporization
(Clausius-Clapeyron Eq.)H
sub
=
H
fus
+
H
vap
Enthalpy of freezing, fusion, condensation, sublimation, deposition
Enthalpy of solution NaCl(s)
Na
+
(aq) + Cl
-
(aq)
H
2
O
Na
+
(g)
Na
+
(aq);
H
2
O
Cl
-
(g)
Cl
-
(aq)
H
2
O
Enthalpy of hydration
 
UseBorn-HabercycletocalculatethelatticeenergyforNaNO
2
Na
+
(g)+NO
2-
(g)
NaNO
2
(s)
H=?
For the product:
H
ofNaNO
2
:Na(s)+½N
2
(g)+O
2
(g)
NaNO
2
(s)-359kJ/mol(1)
For the reactants:
SublimationofNa:Na(s)
Na(g)107kJ/mol(2)IonizationEnergyofNa:Na(g)
Na
+
(g)+e
-
496kJ/mol(3)
H
forNO
2
:½N
2
(g)+O
2
(g)
NO
2
(g)+33kJ/mol(4)ElectronaffinityofNO
2
:NO
2
(g)+e
-
NO
2-
(g)-219kJ/mol(5)Na(s)+½N
2
(g)+O
2
(g)
Na
+
(g)+NO
2-
(g)417kJ/mol(6)
Calculate
H
ofNO
2-
(g),(4)+(5)½N
2
(g)+O
2
(g)+e
-
NO
2-
(g)
H
=-186kJ/mol(1)–(6)
Na
+
(g)+NO
2-
(g)
NaNO
2
(s)-776kJ/mol
ThelatticeenergyofNaNO
2

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