essex Archaeology has been developing an integratedGIS and database framework for use on projects
utilising spatial information. At the core of this approachis a reusable database that can be easily and rapidlyadapted for use in a range of projects and tasks.The Stonehenge Landtrain Transit Route Impact
Assessment was an early example of the combination of GIS and database functionality where the GIS was used tomap the project gazetteer and geoprocess landscape data.During the Stansted EIA a more sophisticated approach
was applied with increased GIS and databaseintegration. Spatial queries of data, based upon differentdevelopment option boundaries, were carried out toidentify direct and indirect impacts. Details of theseselections were fed back into the project database.The Historic Environment Strategy for the Thames
Gateway region again applied an integrated GIS anddatabase approach. This process involved the generationof spatial entities that were assigned a MonumentImportance Value based upon documentary evidence.Along with historic mapping and other digitaldata sources, these were used to aid definitionof zones of heritage character and potential.The Salisbury Plain Training Area monument
condition survey has utilised Pocket GIS to facilitatedata collection in the field. In this case each tableof information held within the database had acorresponding GIS layer accessible duringdata collection.
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