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Geophysical Survey adiacent to Cousland Castle, Midlothian

Geophysical Survey adiacent to Cousland Castle, Midlothian

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An area ground resistance survey, totalling 7,600 sq.m.. was conducted in the field in which the remains of Cousland Castle or Tower House stands. A further 3,200 sq.m. were surveyed in the field that lies immediately to the south of the castle field.
An area ground resistance survey, totalling 7,600 sq.m.. was conducted in the field in which the remains of Cousland Castle or Tower House stands. A further 3,200 sq.m. were surveyed in the field that lies immediately to the south of the castle field.

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Published by: digitalpast on Apr 08, 2010
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G E O P H Y S IC A LS U R V E YA D JA C E N TT O
C O U S L A N DC A S T L E
M ID L O T H IA N
SEPTEM BER2 0 0 8
H .M .D .JO N E S
E A F S G E O P H Y S IC S
O C C A S IO N A L P A P E RN o2 0
G eophysicalSurvey adiacent to C ousland C astle
C o u s la n d , M id lo th ia n
P
e
/
C o n te n ts
C
1 .
Sum m ary
2 .
In tro d u c tio n
3 .
M e th o d
4 .
R esults
5 .
C o n c lu s io n s
7 .
Illu s tra tio n s
7 .1 . P la n o f C a s tle S ite . S u rv e y S q u a re s S c a le1: 1 2 0 0

7 .2 . G ro u n d R e s is ta n c e S u rv e y P rin to u t. W e st o f C a s tle .
7 .3 . G ro u n d R e s is ta n c e S u rv e y P rin to u t. E a s t o f C a s tle .
7 .4 . G ro u n d R e s is ta n c e S u rv e y P rin to u t. S o u th o f C a s tle .
7 .5 . G ro u n d R e sista n c e S u rv e y P rin to u t. S o u th o f C a stle In te rp re ta tio n

8 .
R eferences
8 .1 . G e o lo g ic a l S u rv e y o f G t. B rita in (S c o tla n d ) S c a le 1 :1 0 ,5 6 0
N T3 6N E S o lid a n d D rift G e o lo g y .
E D IN B U R G H A R C H A E O L O G IC A L F IE L D S O C IE T Y
G eophysical Survey adiacent to C ousland ~astlec~id 1oth ian .-.
H
L
1 .
Sum m ary
A n a re a g ro u n d re s is ta n c e s u rv e y , to ta llin g 7 ,6 0 0 sq .m .. w a s c o n d u c te d in th e fie ld in w h ic h
the rem ains of C ousland C astle or T ow er H ouse stands.A further 3,200 sq.m . w ere surveyed
in th e field th at lies im m ed iately to th e so u th o f th e castle field .
In th e a re a a d ja c e n t to th e c a s tle h is to ric a l d o c u m e n ts s h o w e d a p p a re n t a n c illa ry b u ild in g s
a n d C o u sla n d N u n n e ry w a s re p u te d to lie fu rth e r to th e s o u th .
T h e fie ld s u rro u n d in g th e c a s tle a p p e a rs to h a v e b e e n q u a rrie d fo r lim e s to n e re d u c in g th e

fie ld le v e l b y a b o u t 0 .5 m a n d th u s d e s tro y in g a n y fo u n d a tio n s th a t w e re c lo s e to th e c a s tle .
T h e e a s te rn e n tra n c e to th e c a s tle s ta n d s o n s o lid lim e s to n e b e d ro c k s o m e 0 .5 m .a b o v e p re s e n t
fie ld le v e l. It is p re s u m e d th a t th e to p s o il w a s re p la c e d o v e r th e m a in a re a o f th e fie ld

subsequentto the quarrying.
H ig h re s is ta n c e p a tc h e s , to th e e a s t o f th e w a ll th a t ru n s s o u th w a rd s fro m th e c a s tle , lo o k e d a s
th o u g h th e re c o u ld h o w e v e r b e s o m e re m a in in g d e m o litio n d e b ris . O th e r a re a s o f h ig h a n d

lo w re s is ta n c e w e re a m o rp h o u s in s h a p e s u g g e s tin g th a t h o le s le ft fro m e x c a v a tio n , in fille d w ith p o s s ib le to p s o il a n d th e re fo re lo w re s is ta n c e , to g e th e r w ith p a tc h e s o f h ig h re s is ta n c e w h e re th e lim e s to n e h a d p ro b a b ly n o t b e e n re m o v e d , in d ic a te d q u a rry in g a c tiv ity ra th e r th a n b u ild in g .

T h e 2 ,0 0 0 s q .m . s u rv e y e d b e s id e th e s o u th fe n c e o f th e fie ld a n d th e 3 ,2 0 0 s q .m . th a t w e re
s u rv e y e d in th e a d ja c e n t fie ld to th e s o u th s h o w re c ta n g u la r a n d s q u a re fe a tu re s th a t a re v e ry
s u g g e s tiv e o f b u ild in g fo o tin g s . T h e s e e x te n d to th e e a s t fro m th e 2 0 b y 2 0 m e tre s q u a re s
beside the road for at least 50 m etres.
2 .
I n tr o d u c tio n

T h e re m a in s o f C o u s la n d C a s tleNGR NT 3 7 8 0 6 8 3 0 , s ta n d in a fie ld o n th e s o u th s id e o f th e m a in s tre e t, u n c la s s ifie d , th a t ru n s a p p ro x im a te ly e a s t-w e s t th ro u g h th e v illa g e o f C o u s la n d . B u ttin g o n to th e c a s tle -o n th e w e s t s id e is a w a ll th a t a p p e a rs to h a v e e n c lo s e d a la te r w a lle d g a rd e n . T h is a re a h a s b e e n le v e lle d , p o s s ib ly in a s s o c ia tio n w ith th e re m o v a l o f lim e s to n e a n d th e re a re th e re m a in s o f a d is u s e d lim e k iln a b o u t 2 0 0 m .to th e s o u th .

T h e a re a is a s s o c ia te d w ith th e M a c g ill fa m ily , in itia lly o f N is b e t a n d C ra n s to n R id d e ll w h o ,
b y m a rria g e in to th e P rim ro s e fa m ily , la te r b e c a m e o f 'C ra n s to n R id d e ll a n d D ry la w '. S ir
Jam es M acgill w as a P rovost of E dinburgh and his great grandson w as, in 1651,created
V is c o u n t O x fo rd a n d L o rd M a c g ill o f C o u s la n d . H e h a d h e ld th e p o s itio n o f L o rd o f S e s s io n
since N ovem ber 1629.
T h e s u rv e y o b je c tiv e s w e re firs tly to a s c e rta in , in a d v a n c e o f a p ro g ra m m e d e x c a v a tio n ,
w h e th e r b u ild in g fo o tin g s c o u ld b e d e te c te d in th e a re a s u rro u n d in g th e c a s tle a n d s e c o n d ly to
s u rv e y to th e s o u th o f th e c a s tle to s e e w h e th e r a n y re m a in s o f th e n u n n e ry c o u ld b e fo u n d .
T he use of area ground resistance survey equipm ent w as deem ed adequate to indicate
w h e th e r th e re w e re a n y re le v a n t fo u n d a tio n s s till in e x is te n c e .

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