is that branch of the physical sciences thattreats of various phenomena of energy andthe related properties of matter, especiallyof the laws of transformation of heat intoother forms of energy and vice versa.
And the movement of energy from one locationto another.
BASIC PRINCIPLES, CONCEPTS ANDDEFINITIONS
Working Substance -
usually a fluid, in whichenergy can be stored or which it can beremoved.
- is a substance that exist, characterizes by
Low resistance to flow
Tendency to assume the shape of itscontainer.
THE THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEM
Is that portion of the universe, an atom, agalaxy, a certain quantity of matter, or acertain volume in space, that one wish tostudy. It is a region enclosed by specific boundaries, which may be imaginary,either fixed or moving.
Two types of systems are considered inthermodynamics analyses:
Closed system (or control mass)
:consistsof a fixed amount of mass. No mass canenter or leave a closed system, but energy,on the other hand, may cross the boundaryin the forms of heat or work. Note:
The mass of a closed system is fixed
(but notnecessarily the volume.
Open system (or control volume)
consistsof a properly selected region in spaceenclosing a device which involves massflow such as a compressor, turbine, heatexchanger, etc ... Both energy and mass maycross the boundary of a control volume,which is called the
refers to the condition of the substance asidentified through its properties
If any one or more properties of a systemchange, the system is said to have undergone a process.
When a certain mass of fluid in a particular state passes a series of process and return to itsinitial state.
SYSTEM OF UNITS:
Isaac Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion- states that if anunbalanced force acts in a body:
The body will accelerate in the direction of theunbalanced force.
The acceleration will be proportional to theunbalanced force and inversely proportional tothe mass of the body.
a α F/m
a = F (gc) / mF=m a / gcEnglish SI
LbfKgm – m / s