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Producer Guide

Producer Guide

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Published by nosic21
just something to help you out i hope.
just something to help you out i hope.

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Published by: nosic21 on Apr 08, 2010
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09/30/2010

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www.vspiegel.com
Music Producer’s Guide
This guide provides information that allows you, the project producer/director, to speak a common language with thecomposer. In it you’ll find help with the qualities of music, music vocabulary, period definitions, and more.
General Qualities
The following is a list of some opposing qualities. When choosing a quality, think of the breadth of possibilities betweenthe opposites to help nail down the quality you are looking for. It is most helpful for the composer to choose a clear moodor quality, and not try to combine opposites.
Thick/Thin
Dark/Light
Somber/Humorous
Snappy/Languid
Tense/Loose
Excited/Relaxed
Repetitive/Linear 
Spacey/Grounded
Folksy/Artsy
Joyous/Macabre
Goofy/Serious
Staccato/Legato
Static/Developing
Celestial/Earthy
Fiery/Watery
Macro Qualities
Macro Qualities are the basic building blocks of music. Use the general qualities to describe a macro quality. The basicelements of music are:
Melody
A single line of notes that go up and down: Homophonic, Polyphonic, Monophonic
Harmony
Scales, chords and related pitches 16th (Renaissance), 17th (Baroque), 18th (Classical), 19th (Romantic)Century, Impressionist (whole tone), 12 tone
Rhythm
How the time is designedRhythmic Metrical: 4/4,6/8, 5/4, 7/8, etc.Non-metrical: Oceanic (Rise & Fall), random
Texture
The Quality of sound: sharp, soft, metallic
Dynamics
The loud and soft of the music: Forte, Piano, Crescendo, Diminuendo
Style
The genre, if it’s jazz, is it: Bebop, Swing, Free, Cool, or Hot?
Instruments
Also known as timbre
Ensemble
The collection of instruments
Form
The structure that holds the music together 
Purpose
Is this a march, a birthday, a funeral, worship, dance?
Tempo
How fast or slow, the rate of speed
 
Victor Spiegel MusicMusic Producers Guidevspiegel@vspiegel.comwww.vspiegel.com2
Instrumental Qualities
Combined with General & Macro Qualities, you can specify more exactly the total sound with the instruments you wish touse, e.g. Celestial Baroque Brass; Thin 5/4 Percussion; Goofy polyphonic strings.
Woodwind
(Air): Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon, English Horn, Bass flute, Bass Clarinet
Brass
(Fire): Trumpet, Trombone, French Horn, Baritone, Tuba
Strings
(Water): Violin, Viola, Cello, Bass (Arco, pizz, spiccato)
Voice
: Solo, Choir, Antiphonal, Soprano, Alto Tenor, Bass
Percussion
(Earth): Pitched/Non-pitched (Bells, Timpani/Snare, Triangle, Cymbal)
Organ
: Pipe/Electric
Percussive Strings
: Harp, Guitar, Lute, Oud, Dulcimer, Harpsichord, Autoharp, Piano: Grand, Electric, Upright
Found
: (e.g. Cats, Rocks, Hiccups)
Synthesizer 
: (see gen. qual.)
Ethnic
(specify country): Chordophones, Aerophones, Metallophones, Membranophones
Symphonic/Ensemble/SoloSaxophones: Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Baritone
Tools & Elements of Music
Music, like any art form, is built from many parts. To become an active participant in this world of sound, let’s explore andbecome familiar with the tools and elements that make up Music.
Rhythm
Rhythm is how the time in music organized. It is the design in time. We recognize music most often through patterns.Rhythm is the basic pattern with a pulse or beat. Rhythm is a pattern we know intimately because our life depends on it.Your heartbeat is the rhythm of life:
baBOOM
,
baBOOM
. This pattern is a simple rhythm without which you would not bereading this. This beating of your heart creates a
Pulse
. The pattern that the rhythm makes can beConstant,Changing, Simpleor Complex.
Tempo
The pulse is the basic unit around which rhythm develops. Another name for pulse is
Beat 
. In music, the pulse holds themusic together, as a heartbeat holds your life together. When the beat disintegrates, the music dies. We call the rate of speed of the beat
Tempo
. The choices areVery Fast, Fast, Moderate (Walking Tempo), Slow (turtle walk), and Very Slow
Meter 
Meter 
is the grouping of beats. Back to your heartbeat – the meter is 2, because it repeats the pattern
baBOOM
. Theword
Chocolate
 creates ameter of 3:
Cho-co-late Cho-co-late
, with the emphasis being on the first sound. Ameter of 4might be a phrase like
Little Baby, bigger brother 
, with the emphasis being on the
Li
.
 
Victor Spiegel MusicMusic Producers Guidevspiegel@vspiegel.comwww.vspiegel.com3
Melody
A single line of pitches that go up and/or down is a
Melody 
. You already know hundreds of melodies. They are the onesyou can sing, whistle or hum. When one melody enters on top of itself, we call that a
Round 
or 
Canon
. Frére Jacques andRow Row Your Boat are examples of Canons. When several different melodies occur at the same time we call this
Counterpoint 
.
Texture
For the next minute, close your eyes and feel the things around you. How would you describe the texture of the materialyou are sitting on, or the texture of your shirt, skin, hair, paper… whatever you have on and around your desk. I’ll waitright here until you’re done. Now how would you describe the texture of your hair – soft, flowing, or is your hair short andspringy? How the instruments play – the articulation –creates the texture of the composition.
Harmony
Can be defined in two different ways: 1) A system of how notes work together; 2) Notes piled up on top of each other tocreate a sequence of chords. Many cultures do not use chords, but rather a coherent tuning modal system. For us, amode will mean a scale neither major nor minor.
Purpose
Every piece of music you hear has a purpose. It may be the expression of a particular artist/composer, but it can also befor worship, to sell a product, to enhance a scene in a movie, to communicate a message, or to celebrate a wedding.
Ensemble
In world music, instruments are grouped into families:
Chordophones
: An instrument the sound of which is created by means of strings stretched between two points (
violin,guitar,berimbao
).
 Aerophones:
A musical instrument (
trumpet 
or 
flute
) in which sound is generated by a vibrating column of air.
Idiophones:
A musical instrument, the sound of which is produced by shaking or scraping. 
For example
.
Membranophones
: An instrument that produces sound through the vibrations of a membrane(
timpani, dadabuan
).
Metallophones
: metal struck to create pitches (
kulilntang 
)
ExampleIdiophone
Vocal Electronic 
Mood
Mood plays an important role in music. Mood description is subjective, like taste, but we can sometimes agree on thegeneral feeling of the music. How does the music make you feel? Is itHappy,Sad,Inspiring,Dark,Angry,Nostalgicor  any other feelings from the grand garden of human experience? Sometimes the music is a complex blending of severalmoods.

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