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Weapon contamination

Weapon contamination

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The brochure summarizes the problem of weapon contamination, presents the ICRC's Weapon Contamination Unit, and describes how the ICRC acts to protect civilians from the effects of weapon contamination. Topics include clearance, risk education and risk reduction.

ICRC, Geneva, 2010, 8 pp., 16 x 23 cm, English / Free of charge / ref. 4022

http://www.icrc.org/Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p4022
The brochure summarizes the problem of weapon contamination, presents the ICRC's Weapon Contamination Unit, and describes how the ICRC acts to protect civilians from the effects of weapon contamination. Topics include clearance, risk education and risk reduction.

ICRC, Geneva, 2010, 8 pp., 16 x 23 cm, English / Free of charge / ref. 4022

http://www.icrc.org/Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p4022

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on Apr 08, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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02/21/2013

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 WEAPONCONTAMINATION
IN BRIEF
 
The pRobeM
Contamination from unexploded and abandoned
weapons continues to kill and maim people, block access to basic necessities and hinder reconciliation
for years or even decades after the last shot hasbeen red. The exact nature of the threat posed
by these weapons varies depending on the nature
of the conict and the weapons used. In addition
to explosive remnants of war such as grenades,mortars, cluster munitions, bombs and missiles,
the problem often encompasses unstable orinsecure ammunition stockpiles and the
proliferation of small arms and light weapons. To
reect this reality, the term 'weapon contamination'
is used by the ICRC as an umbrella term for all
operational activities aimed at reducing the
resultant impact on the civilian population.
Weapon contamination may have the immediate
impact of hindering the return of civilians to theirhomes and the delivery of aid. In the longer term
it may prevent the repair and reconstruction of 
infrastructure such as schools and hospitals, roads,
wells, markets and agricultural land. In south-east
Asia, for example, the problem of weapon
contamination continues to have an impact onpeople more than 30 years after the end of the
conict.
    J   o    h   a   n    S   o    h    l    b   e   r   g    /    I    C    R    C
 
The ICRC’ Repoe
 The work of the ICRC in response to weaponcontamination is directly related to the
organization's mandate to protect civilians from
the eects of conict. Over the last decade the
ICRC has established itself as a leading actor in thiseld. The organization undertakes a wide range of 
eective interventions, including the provision of 
medical treatment, physical rehabilitation and
economic assistance to victims, the promotion of international norms, and the implementation of 
activities to prevent injuries and reduce the socio-economic impact of living in contaminated areas.
 The ICRC is often present during conicts, meaningit is usually one of the rst organizations to provide
relief and assistance immediately after a conict
has come to an end. It is therefore well positionedto respond to the needs of the civilian populationand to take an integrated approach in its response
to the complex and often poorly understood needs
of weapon-contamination victims and their
families. Depending on the context, civilians may
require information on the dangers posed by
contamination as they attempt to re-build their
lives, or assistance with alternative ways to obtainbasic necessities such as water, fuel or food if it is
too dangerous to return to their usual sources.Health care and emergency medical treatmentcan be provided to those injured as a result of 
weapon contamination. The ICRC can also deploy
specialist teams to clear contaminated areas, either
in direct support of ICRC operations or in order toprotect civilians.
    P   a   u    l    G   r   a    b    h   o   r   n    /    I    C    R    C    B   o   r    i   s    C   e   r    i   n   a    /    I    C    R    C

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