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Are You a Libertarian? (YAL Version)

Are You a Libertarian? (YAL Version)

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Published by: yonoid on Apr 09, 2010
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10/24/2012

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ARE YOU ALIBERTARIAN AT
 
 
 Individualism.
Libertarians see the individual asthe basic unit of social analysis. Libertarianthought emphasizes the dignity of eachindividual, which entails both rights andresponsibility. The progressive extension of dignity to more people -- to women, to people of different religions and different races -- is one of the great libertarian triumphs of the Westernworld.
 
 Individual Rights.
Because individuals aremoral agents, they have a right to be secure intheir life, liberty, and property. These rights arenot granted by government or by society; theyare inherent in the nature of human beings.
 
 Spontaneous Order.
 
Over human history, wehave gradually opted for more freedom and yetmanaged to develop a complex society withintricate organization. The most importantinstitutions in human society -- language, law,money, and markets -- all developedspontaneously, without central direction. Civilsociety -- the complex network of associationsand connections among people -- is another example of spontaneous order; the associationswithin civil society are formed for a purpose, butcivil society itself is not an organization anddoes not have a purpose of its own.
 
The Rule of Law.
Libertarianism is not a claimthat "people can do anything they want to."Rather, libertarianism proposes a society of liberty under law, in which individuals are freeto pursue their own lives so long as they respectthe equal rights of others. The rule of law meansthat individuals are governed by generallyapplicable and spontaneously developed legalrules, not by arbitrary commands; and that thoserules should protect the freedom of individualsto pursue happiness in their own ways, not aimat any particular result or outcome.
 
The Virtue of Production.
Libertarians defendthe right of productive people to keep what theyearn, against politicians and bureaucrats whowould seize their earnings to transfer them tonon-producers.
ARE YOU ALIBERTARIAN AT
 
 
 Individualism.
Libertarians see the individual asthe basic unit of social analysis. Libertarianthought emphasizes the dignity of eachindividual, which entails both rights andresponsibility. The progressive extension of dignity to more people -- to women, to people of different religions and different races -- is one of the great libertarian triumphs of the Westernworld.
 
 Individual Rights.
Because individuals aremoral agents, they have a right to be secure intheir life, liberty, and property. These rights arenot granted by government or by society; theyare inherent in the nature of human beings.
 
 Spontaneous Order.
 
Over human history, wehave gradually opted for more freedom and yetmanaged to develop a complex society withintricate organization. The most importantinstitutions in human society -- language, law,money, and markets -- all developedspontaneously, without central direction. Civilsociety -- the complex network of associationsand connections among people -- is another example of spontaneous order; the associationswithin civil society are formed for a purpose, butcivil society itself is not an organization anddoes not have a purpose of its own.
 
The Rule of Law.
Libertarianism is not a claimthat "people can do anything they want to."Rather, libertarianism proposes a society of liberty under law, in which individuals are freeto pursue their own lives so long as they respectthe equal rights of others. The rule of law meansthat individuals are governed by generallyapplicable and spontaneously developed legalrules, not by arbitrary commands; and that thoserules should protect the freedom of individualsto pursue happiness in their own ways, not aimat any particular result or outcome.
 
The Virtue of Production.
Libertarians defendthe right of productive people to keep what theyearn, against politicians and bureaucrats whowould seize their earnings to transfer them tonon-producers.

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