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FEM Zabaras DirectMethod-Beams

# FEM Zabaras DirectMethod-Beams

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Published by: Dr. Ir. R. Didin Kusdian, MT. on Apr 09, 2010

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1MAE 4700 –FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace Design N. Zabaras (9/15/2009)
MAE4700/5700Finite Element Analysis forMechanical and Aerospace Design
Cornell University, Fall 2009Nicholas ZabarasMaterials Process Design and Control LaboratorySibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering101 Rhodes HallCornell UniversityIthaca, NY 14853-3801

MAE 4700 –FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace Design N. Zabaras (9/15/2009)
A refresher on beam bending
Beams are different from truss structuresin that they are designed toresisttransverse loads.
The tranverse loads are transported tothe supports of the beam viaextensional action.
There are several beam modelsdepending on the assumptionsemployed. We herein consider theBernoulli-Euler beam theoryusuallyintroduced in introductory staticscourses.
We assume thatnormals to the middle line ofthe beam remain straight and normal.
This will allow us to approximate thedisplacements at a given point.
,
x y
u u

MAE 4700 –FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace Design N. Zabaras (9/15/2009)
Bernoulli-Euler beam theory
The
x
-component of the displacementthrough the depth of the beam is given as:
x
u
sin ( )
x
u y x
θ
= −
where
θ
(x)
is the rotation of the middle line(positive counterclockwise) at
x
and
isthe distance from the middle line.
We assume that
For
θ
(x)
small,
sin
θ
=
θ
,
( )
y
du xdx
θ
=
y x
duu ydx
= −
Thus we conclude:
22
y x x
d udu y ydx dx
ε κ
= = =
y
curvature
y
( , ) ( ).
y y
u x y u x
=