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DH-0408

DH-0408

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Published by The Delphos Herald

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Published by: The Delphos Herald on Apr 09, 2010
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UpfrontSports
Obituaries 2State/Local 3Politics 4Community 5Sports 6Farm 7Classifieds 8Television 9World briefs 10
Index
T
hursday
, a
pril
8, 2010
50¢ dailyDelphos, Ohio
Forecast
D
ELPHOS
H
ERALD
T
he
Telling The Tri-County’s Story Since 1869
Man sneaking a smoke sparksbomb scare, p10Jays down T-Birds, p6
Drug abuse feeds child neglect
BY MIKE FORDThe Delphos Heraldmford@delphosherald.com
In addition to having aplanet to live on, the otheressential resource to human-ity’s future is our children.Many young ones are atsome time subjected to abuseor neglect. Pinwheels arecropping up around the Tri-County to bring awarenessto the issue.April is Child Abuse andNeglect Prevention Month;Pinwheels for Prevention isspearheaded by Children’sServices, Job and FamilyServices and the Partnershipfor Violence-free Families.Officials say drug abuseis a key contributor to themajority of cases investi-gated in the region. SandyHonigford is the deputydirector of Van WertCounty Children’s Services.She says the problem isvast and often involvesbabies.“The main problem we’reseeing in Van Wert Countyis substance abuse affect-ing children in the form of neglect. Children are presentwhere there are a lot of drugactivities: they do drugs infront of the children, sell it infront of them; they’re underthe influence while caringfor the children. They tendto be younger children —lots of babies. They’re beingneglected. They go hungry,colds aren’t being treated,rent and bills aren’t beingpaid and we have even foundchildren alone out in thestreet because they got outof the house when someonewasn’t sober enough to payattention. These seem to bethe newest trends that we’rereally struggling with,”she said. “Parents who areimpaired by drugs and alco-hol have impaired judgment.Their financial resourcesare becoming impaired, sothey’re selling drugs to con-tinue their habit. This expos-es the children to violence inaddition to neglect.”There are 106 pinwheelsat the courthouse, repre-senting each case Van WertCounty officials investigat-ed in 2009. Honigford saidthe number of children isnot tracked in her county,nor does the number of pin-wheels represent the numberof reports that come in.In Allen County, there are655 pinwheels at the YWCA.A startling number of thosecases include the presence of substance abuse.“We initiated 655 newinvestigations in 2009 thatinvolved 1,572 childrenand that was up 15 percentfrom 2008. We were alreadyinvolved with 2,209 childrenwhen the year began,” saidAllen County Children’sServices Executive DirectorScott Ferris. “I attribute theincrease, in part, to theeconomy directly and indi-rectly. The stress may berelated to job loss or workingless hours or other things.The stressors pile up andthey don’t know how to han-dle it, so they turn to alcohol.Substance abuse is involvedin about 70 percent of ourcases, though it sometimesisn’t the presenting factorand we don’t see it untilwe’ve been working with thefamily for a while.”Putnam County Job andFamily Services PreventionOfficer Jennifer Horstmansaid her county saw 92investigations last year. Thatnumber of pinwheels are ondisplay at the courthouse.As is the trend, heroinand prescription drugs arethe narcotics Honigford saysare most often involved.“In the last two or threeyears, we’ve seen a hugeamount of drug abuse —particularly heroin — andit’s affecting the children.Prescription drug abuse isthe other big thing and itaffects the children in thesame ways. Over the lastfour years, our number of cases appears to be goingdown but that’s misleading.We are seeing less physicalabuse, which is interestingconsidering the economy— you would expect to seemore of it with people beingmore frustrated but with thedrug abuse and neglect, it’sthe types of things we’reseeing that’s changing,” shesaid.Anyone who suspectsa child is being abused orneglected can file an anon-ymous complaint with therespective county Children’sServices office at 419-227-8590, 419-238-5430 or 419-523-4580.
Stacy Taff photo
Pinwheels at the Van Wert County Courthouse represent each of the 106 child abusecases investigated last year in the county. A ceremony was held this morning at the LimaYWCA to place 655 pinwheels on the facility grounds and Putnam County has 92 pin-wheels on the courthouse lawn. Pinwheels for Prevention is an annual effort to enhanceawareness to the problem during Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Month in Ohio.
Class of 2000planning reunion
The St. John’s classof 2000 reunion commit-tee will meeting at 7 p.m.April 15 at The Rustic.Anyone interested inhelping plan or add ideasis welcome to attend.For more info, callMatt at 419-230-1029 orLynette at 419-233-2994.
Women’s Dayset April 18Landeck CL of Cchanges meeting
Landeck CL of C haschanged its get-together datefrom April 20 to April 13so members can attend theDelphos CL of C Card Party.Wear Easter colors,donations for Right toLife will be taken andBunco will be played.The Ivy Hutch BouquetA Month For A Year tick-ets will still be sold untilApril 25. Anyone wish-ing to purchase a ticketcan contact an officer.
Doctor to talk tostudents aboutteen issues
Staff reports
In a typical middle classAmerican high school, 1 in4 girls are infected with asexually-transmitted diseaseand 85 percent of them don’teven knowit. Innercity highschoolshave aninfec-tion rateapproach-ing 80percent.BillScherger,MD, whoconfrontsthese diseases on a dailybasis, pulls no punches ashe gives truthful real-worldanswers about the silent dis-eases facing the youth of today.In addition to educationon sexually transmitted dis-eases, he and his wife, Lori,present valuable tools onprotecting children as theyenter adolescence.“Youth do not have tofall victim to the physical,social, emotional and spiri-tual consequences of sexual‘freedom’,” Dr. Schergersaid.The Schergers will talkabout the daily strugglesteens face in today’s soci-ety and the consequencesof choosing or not choos-ing to do the right thing at8:30 a.m. Friday at JeffersonHigh School.The program is intendedfor parents to attend withtheir children.Questions or concernscan be directed to SchoolNurse Stacey Ricker at 419-692-8766.
Dr. Scherger
Partly sunnyFriday; highnear 50. Seepage 2.
A casting call was held for a walk-on part for the Fox show “Glee” Wednesday at the UNOH EventCenter. Peopleages 16-26 lined up to show the casting judges what they were made of. Each contestant was required to answer apersonality question and sing their chosen piece for the camera for the show believed to be set in Lima. Anothercasting call is set for 3-8 p.m. today at the event center.
‘Glee’ auditions being held 
Stacy Taff photo
LMP hosting try-outs
Driver tryouts for the fiveUniversity of NorthwesternOhio Motorsports teamswill be held on Fridayand Saturday at LimalandMotorsports Park.The plan is to do theStock Car tryouts starting10 a.m. Friday and then theModifieds starting 10 a.m.Saturday, if weather permits.UNOH, the leader in HighPerformance/Motorsportseducation, will have threestock car and two modifiedteams racing this year onFriday evenings at LMP.
Bearcat Relays Friday
The 34th annualSpencerville Bearcat RelaysTrack Meet will be heldstarting 4:15 p.m. Fridayat the CD Moeller Track,with teams from the fol-lowing schools: Ada,Columbus Grove, Cory-Rawson, Crestview, St.John’s, Marion Local, St.Henry and Spencerville.Defending championsare the Marion Local girlsand the Spencerville boys.There are five 2-per-son team field events andeight relay events for thegirls and six 3-person teamfield events and eight relayevents for the boys.
See MINE, page 2
St. John’s AdultEducation Committeewill host a Women’s Dayfrom 1-5 p.m. on April18 at the K of C Hall.Beth Moore, author,teacher and spiritual leaderfrom Texas, will lead the daywith DVD’s on Loving Well.Women from all denomi-nations are welcome.Food will be prepared byBaked to Perfection andprizes will be given away.To register, call419-695-4050.
By LAWRENCEMESSINA andDENA POTTERThe Associated Press
MONTCOAL, W.Va. —Dangerous gases forced res-cue crews to abandon thesearch Thursday for fourcoal miners missing sincean explosion killed 25 col-leagues in the worst U.S.mining disaster in more thantwo decades.Rescuers had been work-ing their way through theUpper Big Branch mine byrail car and on foot earlyThursday, but officials saidthey had to turn back becauseof an explosive mix of gasesin the area they needed tosearch.“We think they are indanger and that’s the wholeintent of evacuating themfrom the mine,” said KevinStricklin of the Mine Healthand Safety Administration.The rescuers made it towithin about 1,000 feet of anairtight chamber with fourdays worth of food, water andoxygen where they hoped theminers might have soughtrefuge. They did not make itfar enough to see the bodiesof the dead or determine if anyone had made it to thechamber.Stricklin acknowledgedthe evacuation was a setback,but said he hoped crewswould be able to get backin within a few hours aftera bigger hole was drilled toallow fresh air into the mine.He said the families of thedead and missing understoodthe need to pull rescuers out.“It’s a roller coaster forthese people,” Stricklin said.“It’s very emotional. You canonly imagine what it wouldbe like.”Rescuers had already hadto wait to enter the mine untilcrews drilled holes deep intothe earth to ventilate lethalcarbon monoxide and highlyexplosive hydrogen as wellas methane gas, which hasbeen blamed for the explo-sion. The air quality wasdeemed safe enough earlyin the day for four teams of eight members each to goon what officials were stillcalling a rescue mission, butlater tests showed the air wastoo dangerous to continue.Once inside, rescuers hadto walk through an area offi-cials have described as strewnwith bodies, twisted railroadtrack, shattered concreteblock walls and vast amountsof dust. Each team memberwas wearing 30 pounds of breathing equipment, luggingfirst-aid equipment and try-ing to see through total dark-ness with only a cap lamp tolight the way.Officials and townsfolkalike acknowledged theydidn’t expect to find any of the four missing miners alivemore than two days after themassive explosion. Poisonousgases have filled the under-ground tunnels since Mondayafternoon’s blast.“This was a scenario thatwe didn’t want,” Gov. JoeManchin said as he briefedreporters about the evacu-ations. Families of thosestill in the mine continuedto arrive at a training centerthere to await word of theirfate, and Manchin estimatedthat perhaps 100 have gath-ered so far.“They understand that if we have any hope of survival
Gases force crews to abandon W.Va. mine rescue
 
The World’s Leader in Women’s Fitness
419-692-2388
1875 E. Fifth Street • Delphos
www.curves.com
Curves Workswith SilverSneakers.
If your Medicare health plan offers the SilverSneakers
®
Fitness Program,you could be working out at Curves for FREE. Call or stop by with your health plan member ID to see if you’re eligible.
WORK OUT FOR FREE
 
. - .. .
. - .. .
15th Annual Jefferson Athletic Boosters
PANCAKE &SAUSAGE DAY
SAT., APRIL 10
TH
 , 20107 a.m.-2 p.m.
Adults $6.00Children $3.00
(11 years old & under)
(Tickets can be purchased at high schooloffice or at the door)
at Jefferson Senior HighSchool,
Rt. 66 - Delphos
Register for CASH Grand Prize Drawing
Assisted by Delphos Lions Club
Proceeds go towards all-weather track
2 The Herald Thursday, April 8, 2010
For The Record
Students can pick up theirawards in their school offices.St. John’s Scholar of theDay is AllyMohler.CongratulationsAlly!Jefferson’s Scholar of theDay is MitchellAntalis.CongratulationsMitchell!
Scholars of the Day
The Delphos Herald wantsto correct published errors inits news, sports and featurearticles. To inform the news-room of a mistake in publishedinformation, call the editorialdepartment at 419-695-0015.Corrections will be publishedon this page.
C
orreCtions
I
N THE WORLD TODAY
L
OTTERY
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EATHER
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OCAL
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www.delphosherald.com
The DailyHerald
Vol. 140 No. 250
Nancy Spencer, editorRay Geary, business managerDon Hemple,advertising manager
Tiffany Brantley
,circulation manager
William Kohl
,general manager/
Eagle Print
The Daily Herald(USPS 1525 8000) is publisheddaily except Sundays andHolidays.By carrier in Delphos andarea towns, or by rural motorroute where available $2.09 perweek. By mail in Allen, VanWert, or Putnam County, $105per year. Outside these counties$119 per year.Entered in the post officein Delphos, Ohio 45833 asPeriodicals, postage paid atDelphos, Ohio.No mail subscriptions willbe accepted in towns or villageswhere The Daily Herald papercarriers or motor routes providedaily home delivery for $2.09per week.405 North Main St.TELEPHONE 695-0015Office Hours8 a.m.-5 p.m. Mon.-Fri.POSTMASTER:Send address changesto THE DAILY HERALD,405 N. Main St.Delphos, Ohio 45833
WeAtHer ForeCAstt-cuyth Acad PtoniGHt
: Mostlycloudy. Lows in the mid 30s.West winds 10 to 15 mph.
FriDAY
: Partly sunny.Highs around 50. West winds15 to 20 mph.
FriDAY niGHt
: Mostlyclear. Patchy frost after mid-night. Lows in the lower 30s.West winds 10 to 15 mphbecoming light southwestwinds after midnight.
eXtenDeD ForeCAstsAtUrDAY
: Patchyfrost in the morning. Mostlysunny. Highs in the upper60s. Southwest winds 10 to15 mph.
sAtUrDAY niGHt-MonDAY
: Mostly clear.Lows in the mid 40s. Highsaround 70.
MonDAY niGHt
: Clear.Lows in the upper 40s.
tUesDAY
: Mostly sunny.Highs in the mid 70s.
tUesDAY niGHt
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WeDnesDAY
: Mostlysunny. Highs in the lower70s.
(Cud fm pag 1)
and they’re in a rescue cham-ber, then they’re OK,” Manchinsaid. “That’s the sliver of hopewe have.”Seven bodies had beenbrought out Monday andauthorities hoped to recover 18others known dead from themine owned by Massey EnergyCo., which has been cited fornumerous safety violations.The federal Mine Safetyand Health Administration hasappointed a team of investi-gators to look into the blast,which officials said may havebeen caused by a buildup of methane.Massey has been repeatedlycited for problems with the sys-tem that vents methane and forallowing combustible dust tobuild up, including two largefines assessed in January whenfederal inspectors found dirtyair flowing into an escapewaywhere fresh air should be, and anemergency air system flowingin the wrong direction. Minerswere so concerned about theconditions that several told theircongressman they were afraidto go back into the mine.Even the day of the blast,the federal mine agency citedthe mine with two safety viola-tions, one involving inadequatemaps of escape routes, the otherconcerning an improper spliceof electrical cable. Stricklinsaid, however, that those viola-tions had nothing to do with theexplosion.Massey CEO DonBlankenship has stronglydefended the company’s recordand disputed accusations fromminers that he puts coal profitsahead of safety.The mine produced morethan 1.2 million tons of coal lastyear and uses the lowest-costunderground mining method,making it more profitable. Itproduces metallurgical coal thatis used to make steel and sellsfor up to $200 a ton — morethan double the price for thetype of coal used by powerplants.The confirmed death toll of 25 was the highest in a U.S.mine since 1984, when 27 peo-ple died in a fire at a mine inOrangeville, Utah. If the fourmissing bring the total to 29, itwill be the worst U.S. coal min-ing disaster since a 1970 explo-sion killed 38 in Hyden, Ky.The effect of so many sud-den deaths in the area’s smallcoal-reliant communitiesstarted showing with obituar-ies for the victims appearingin local newspapers. The firstfive funerals were scheduled forFriday and Saturday.Miner William “Bob”Griffith’s family was preparingfor the worst. Griffith went towork Monday and never camehome, said his brother, JamesGriffith, who also works at themine. William Griffith’s broth-er-in-law, Carl Acord, died inthe explosion.
By th Acad P
Today is Thursday, April 8,the 98th day of 2010. There are267 days left in the year.
tday’ Hghlgh Hy:
On April 8, 1974, HankAaron of the Atlanta Braves hithis 715th career home run in agame against the Los AngelesDodgers, breaking Babe Ruth’srecord.
o h da:
In 1513, explorer JuanPonce de Leon and his expe-dition began exploring theFlorida coastline.In 1935, PresidentFranklin D. Rooseveltsigned the Emergency Relief Appropriations Act, whichprovided money for programssuch as the Works ProgressAdministration.In 1946, the League of Nations assembled in Genevafor its final session.In 1952, President Harry S.Truman seized the steel indus-try to avert a nationwide strike.(The U.S. Supreme Court laterruled that Truman had over-stepped his authority.)In 1970, the Senate rejectedPresident Richard M. Nixon’snomination of G. HaroldCarswell to the U.S. SupremeCourt.In 1988, TV evangelistJimmy Swaggart resigned fromthe Assemblies of God afterhe was defrocked for reject-ing an order from the church’snational leaders to stop preach-ing for a year amid reports he’dconsorted with a prostitute.In 1990, Ryan White, theteenage AIDS patient whosebattle for acceptance gainednational attention, died inIndianapolis at age 18.In 1994, Kurt Cobain, sing-er and guitarist for the grungeband Nirvana, was found deadin Seattle from an apparentlyself-inflicted gunshot wound;he was 27.
t ya ag:
The CentralIntelligence Agency confirmedthat personnel action had beentaken following the mistak-en bombing of the Chineseembassy during the NATOwar against Yugoslavia; oneemployee was reportedly fired.
Fv ya ag:
Withpresidents and kings lookingon, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims in St. Peter’s Squaresang, applauded and chantedfor the Catholic Church todeclare John Paul II a saint asthe pope was laid to rest.
o ya ag:
Somalipirates hijacked the U.S.-flagged Maersk Alabama;although the crew was ableto retake the cargo ship, thecaptain was taken captive bythe raiders and held aboard alifeboat. (Richard Phillips wasrescued five days later by NavySEAL snipers who shot threeof the pirates dead.) A Russianspacecraft carrying a crew of three, including U.S. billionairespace tourist Charles Simonyi,landed safely in Kazakhstan.
tday’ Bhday:
Formerfirst lady Betty Ford is 92.Comedian Shecky Greene is84. Actor-turned-diplomat JohnGavin is 79. Author and investi-gative reporter Seymour Hershis 73. Former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan is 72.Basketball Hall-of-Famer JohnHavlicek is 70. “Mouseketeer”Darlene Gillespie is 69. SingerJ.J. Jackson is 69. SingerPeggy Lennon (The LennonSisters) is 69. Songwriter-producer Leon Huff is 68.
CLEVELAND (AP) — TheseOhio lotteries were drawn onWednesday:
Clac L
06-23-25-26-38-44
Mdday 3
7-8-0
Mdday 4
8-5-7-4
Pck 3
2-2-4
Pck 4
6-1-3-6
rllg Cah 5
04-05-20-33-36
t oH
04-05-06-15-19-23-38-39-43-45-47-48-52-56-57-60-65-70-71-75
t oH Mdday
04-07-15-16-18-19-20-23-26-31-35-36-38-41-45-46-58-62-72-75
The following individualsappeared Wednesday beforeJudge Charles Steele in VanWert County Common PleasCourt:
nchla Mcalf J., 
26,Van Wert, entered a plea of guilty to grand theft auto, afelony of the fourth degree.Metcalfe reportedly took avehicle for a test drive from alocal car dealer and kept thevehicle for over a month. Thevehicle had approximately5,000 more miles on it thanwhen the vehicle was given toMetcalfe for a test drive.Judge Steele ordered apre-sentence investigationand scheduled sentencing for9 a.m. May 19.
tav W. nma, 
20,Van Wert, entered a plea of guilty to a charge of posses-sion of heroin and petitionedthe court for treatment in lieuof conviction.Judge Steele granted themotion for treatment andplaced Norman under thesupervision of the Van WertCounty Adult ProbationDepartment for a period notto exceed one year.The successful comple-tion of the treatment programwould result in Norman nothaving a criminal record.
Ky D. Ba, 
19,Convoy, appeared on a com-munity control violation.The Van Wert CountyAdult Probation Departmentalleged that Barnes was notreporting as per the terms of his community control.Barnes denied the viola-tion with a full hearing to bescheduled at a later date.
Jh savly, 
44, VanWert, was found to be inviolation of his communi-ty control by being in anestablishment that servedalcohol and by consumingalcohol.According to a Van WertCity Police Departmentreport, Snavely allegedly wasin a bar downtown, becameintoxicated and then involvedhimself in a fight with anotherindividual.Judge Steele sentencedSnavely to the original prisonsentence of one year and gavehim credit for 12 days servedawaiting the final dispositionof the case.The high temperatureThursday in Delphos was73 and the low was 64. Ayear ago today, the high was54 and the low was 31. Therecord high for today is 83, setin 2001 and the record low of 14 was set in 1959.
obama, Mdvdv gw ucla am ay
GeorGe JAHnad VLADiMirisACHenKoVth Acad P
PRAGUE — Seeking toend years of rancor, PresidentBarack Obama and RussianPresident Dmitry Medvedevon today signed the biggestnuclear arms pact in a gen-eration and envisioned a daywhen they can compromiseon the divisive issue of missiledefense.The new treaty, the first of its kind in two decades andnearly a year in the making,signaled a bold new open-ing in relations between theformer Cold War foes. Bothleaders hoped for more prog-ress on economic matters andpotentially even deeper cuts intheir robust nuclear arsenals,while the Russian presidentstill warned of potential pit-falls ahead.The pact will shrink thelimit of nuclear warheads to1,550 per country over sevenyears. That still allows formutual destruction severaltimes over. But it is intendedto send a strong signal thatRussia and the U.S. — whichbetween them own more than90 percent of the world’snuclear weapons — are seri-ous about disarmament.Obama and Medvedevreaffirmed their commitmentto considering new sanctionsagainst Iran if the Islamicrepublic continues to refuse tosuspend uranium enrichmentand start talks on its nuclearprogram.Medvedev said it’s regret-table that Iran has not respond-ed to many constructive pro-posals the international com-munity has offered, and it’spossible the United NationsSecurity Council will have totake up the issue. And Obamasaid the U.S. will not tolerateany actions by Iran that risk anarms race in the Middle Eastor threaten the credibility of the international community.They spoke after sittingside-by-side in an elegant hallin the Czech Republic capitalcity, signing the nuclear armsdeal that awaits ratification bythe Russian legislature and theU.S. Senate. The White Houselobbying effort on ratificationis under way.The upbeat U.S. presidentsaid he was confident thatDemocrats and Republicanswould ratify the treaty in theSenate, where 67 votes willbe required.“Today is an importantmilestone for nuclear secu-rity and nonproliferation, andfor U.S.-Russia relations,”Obama said. Medvedev hailedthe signing as a historic eventthat would launch a new chap-ter of cooperation between thecountries.Inside the hall, the antici-pated moment came as thetwo presidents picked up theirpens, glanced at each otherand grinned as they signedseveral documents, with aidestransferring the papers backand forth so all would haveboth signatures. When it wasdone, the leaders seemedmomentarily at a loss, withMedvedev flashing a smileand a shrug before they stoodto shake hands.Obama said the treaty setsa foundation for further cutsin nuclear arms.And he pledged moreconversation with Medvedevabout missile defense, whichremains a sticky issue betweenthe countries as the U.S. movesahead with plans it calls nothreat to Russia. Obama saidthe missile defense systemenvisioned is not aimed atchanging the “strategic bal-ance” with Russia but ratheras a way to counter launchesfrom other countries.Medvedev said he wasoptimistic about reaching acompromise on the matter.As for talks about evendeeper cuts in nuclear weap-onry, the aim would be to dis-cuss, for the first time, cuts inshort-range U.S. and Russiannuclear weapons as well asweapons held in reserve andin storage.Beyond slashing nucleararsenals, the U.S. sees “NewSTART” as a key part of efforts to “reset” ties withRussia, badly strained underthe Bush administration, andengage Moscow more in deal-ing with global challenges,including the nuclear arsenalof North Korea and nuclearambitions of Iran.The new pact is only partof the Obama administra-tion’s new nuclear strategy.It was signed only days afterthe White House announced afundamental shift in its policyon the use of nuclear weap-ons, calling the acquisition of atomic arms by terrorists orrogue states a worse menacethan the Cold War threat of mutual annihilation.Other U.S. nuclear initia-tives will follow the Praguesigning. Leaders from morethan 40 countries will gath-er in Washington next weekto discuss improvements insecuring nuclear arsenals.The White House plans tolead calls for disarmament inMay at the United Nationsduring an international con-ference on strengthening theNuclear Non-ProliferationTreaty.The treaty signed today isthe most significant nuclear dis-armament pact in a generation,and Medvedev has lauded it as“an important step” in disarma-ment and arms control efforts.
By BrADLeY BrooKsth Acad P
RIO DE JANEIRO — Atleast 200 people were buriedand feared dead under the lat-est landslide to hit a slum inRio de Janeiro’s metropolitanarea, authorities said today.If confirmed, the deathswould raise the toll sharplyfrom the 153 people alreadyknown to have died this weekin slides triggered by recordrains.Pedro Machado, subsec-retary of Rio state’s CivilDefense department, toldGlobo TV that as many as 60houses and at least 200 peo-ple were buried in the MorroBumba slum in Niteroi,neighboring Rio.“In our experience, it’san instant death” for thosecaught in their homes at thetime, Machado said.Machado said the shanty-town was built on a mountainof trash that accumulated fordecades, making the groundthere unstable and vulnerableto giving way.Sergio Cortes, Rio statehealth secretary, said thatwhen he climbed the hillwhere the landslide tookplace, “I could see I wasstanding above garbage.”“The residents began tosay there was a landfill therethat had not been used formore than 20 years, and thatthe houses were built there,”Cortes said.A fire department spokes-man said six bodies had beenfound so far in the MorroBumba and 28 were rescuedafter the mudslide hit lateWednesday.Alves Souza, command-er of the firefighters in theNiteroi rescue operations,said the wet, steep terrainposed a continued threat toanyone trapped in the wreck-age and emergency crews aswell.“The work is very intense,given the fact that the volumeof material we have here isvery large,” Souza said.Record rainfall sinceMonday afternoon has trig-gered deadly mudslides acrossRio’s metropolitan area.Firefighters said the offi-cial death toll stands at 153,but that does not include thoseburied in Morro Bumba.Nearly all the deathsoccurred in mudslides thatsmashed through slums —yet another reminder that lifein one of the world’s mostfamous playgrounds is muchdifferent for the poor than itis for the rich.Residents of the shanty-towns often endure dangerssuch as the frequent shoo-touts between police andheavily armed drug gangs,and when heavy rain falls onslopes crowded with poorlybuilt shacks, nature itself candeal out death.Rio officials said they aregoing to step up forced evic-tions of slum residents livingin at-risk areas.Mayor Eduardo Paesannounced that 1,500 fami-lies were going to be removedfrom their homes on in atleast two Rio slums, and thatmore evictions were likely.“I don’t want to spend nextsummer sleepless, worryingif the rains are going to killsomebody,” he told reporters,without saying when the relo-cations would occur.
At least 200 buried, feared dead in Rio
Dlph Wah
Corn: $3.29Wheat: $4.25Beans: $9.34
M
“tday  ampa ml- f uclacuy ad -plfa, adf U.s.-ruala.”
- President Barack Obama
 
From the Editors of E/TheEnvironmental Magazine
Dear EarthTalk: Oceansare in big trouble and Iunderstand PresidentObama is creating a highlevel ocean council toaddress them. What are themajor issues?—Steve Sullivan, Bothell, WA
Our oceans are indeed ina terrible state, thanks pri-marily to unrestrained com-mercial and industrial activ-ity. Overfishing and pollutionhave decimated once abun-dant stocks of fish and othermarine life, and the damagingpractices continue to this daydespite international agree-ments outlawing them.Our appetite for seafoodhas pushed three-quartersof the world’s fisheries toor beyond the limits of sus-tainability, while nine out of 10 of the sea’s large fishlike tuna and swordfish havedisappeared. And whileit is still unclear what tollglobal warming will have onoceans—coral reefs dyingand powerful ocean currentsshifting or shutting down aretwo scary scenarios—the out-look is grim at best.While George W. Bushwas no friend to the environ-ment overall, his record onocean protection is actuallynot too bad. After conveninga commission of experts fromvarious disciplines to reporton the state of U.S. oceans,his administration took stepsto protect 215 million acresof biologically rich deep seaocean habitat in the Pacificnear Hawaii and Guam. Thenewly protected areas areoff limits to resource extrac-tion and commercial fishingbut open for shipping traffic,scientific research and mini-mal impact recreation—andshould provide a boon for fishand other marine species try-ing to recover from decadesof abuse. But while such pro-tections are a huge step in theright direction, they representless than a drop in the bucketas to what still needs to bedone to help fish stocks andmarine ecosystems recover.In light of ongoing threats,President Obama last Juneset up a task force to crafta national ocean stewardshippolicy. Led by Nancy Sutley,chair of the White House’sCouncil on EnvironmentalQuality, the task force iscurrently working to draft aframework for sustainablemanagement of Americancoastal and ocean resources.Currently 20 different fed-eral agencies oversee some140 ocean protection laws;Obama has charged his taskforce with pulling togetherall the different authoritiesand laws to focus attention onaddressing the most seriouschallenges facing the oceansand those who manage them.Environmentalists havebeen quick to praise Obamafor creating the task force—something called for byBush’s oceans commissionand other experts—but it isunclear how effective it canbe given competing politi-cal priorities. Some membersof Congress are pushing anomnibus ocean protection billcalled Oceans-21, which aimsto regulate fisheries, establisha network of protected areas,provide an oceans manage-ment framework to rescuecoasts and off-shore areas,and help ocean life surviveglobal warming.Fortunately, Americansare not the only ones con-cerned about the world’soceans. The United Nationslaunched its Oceans andCoastal Areas Network—later renamed UN Oceans—in 2003 to coordinate oceanand coastal efforts around theworld. More recently, severalisland nations in the west-ern Pacific and Indian oceansformed the Coral TriangleInitiative, adopting a 10-yearplan of action to avert grow-ing threats to coral reefs, fish,coastal mangrove buffers andother marine resources acrossthe region. While the chal-lenges may be greater thanever, at least now our oceansare getting some long-over-due attention; only time willtell if we took action in timeto stave off a global collapseof marine ecosystems.
Dear EarthTalk: I’veoften cooked canned foodsin their own can, things likecondensed milk and mush-room soup. I put the canwithout opening in the pres-sure cooker, cover it withwater and let it cook for30 minutes. The results areamazing. Is it safe to dothat? Can metals leach intomy food?— Mercedes Kupres, viae-mail
For starters, can makersdon’t recommend using theirproducts for anything butstoring food unopened untilit’s ready to eat. “Cans arereliable, recyclable, durablepackages that keep beveragesand foods fresh and allowthem to be transported safelyfor thousands of miles, eveninto remote regions—but theywere not made to be usedas cooking containers,” saysScott McCarty of Colorado-based Ball Corporation, aleading U.S. food and bever-age packaging maker.Proponents of can-cookingcite the fact that many cannedgoods are already heated upin their cans to kill bacteriaduring the canning process,so what harm could a littlemore heating do? McCartyconcedes that some cans areindeed heated during thepacking process. “But thatisn’t all cans or all foods, andit is a carefully controlled andmonitored process done in anenvironment that is made todo it.”As for what metals maybe leaching into your cannedfood, it depends. In the U.S.,most food cans are made of steel while beverage cans areusually made out of alumi-num. Chromium and nickelcan find their way out of steel, but the amounts wouldbe miniscule to nil. Slightlymore troubling is the fact thataluminum—large amountsof which have been linkedto nervous system disordersand other health problems—could in theory leach out of cans into their food or drinkcontents.In order to prevent anysuch leaching—which is badfor the food and eater butalso for the can (as it cancause corrosion)—the insidesof most cans on groceryshelves today are coated withfood-grade epoxy. But theseliners have been shown tocontain Bisphenol-A (BPA)and other potentially harm-ful chemicals. BPA is a syn-thetic plastic hardener thathas been linked to humanreproductive problems and anincreased risk of cancer anddiabetes. A 2009 analysis of common canned foods by thenon-profit Consumers Unionfound measurable levels of BPA in a wide range of itemsincluding some bearing a“BPA Free” label.The U.S. Food and DrugAdministration is currentlyreviewing whether or notto allow BPA to come intocontact with food items atall. In the meantime, someforward-thinking companiesaren’t waiting around for anFDA ruling. Eden Foods,which prides itself on thewholesomeness of its prod-ucts, worked with its pack-aging manufacturer, BallCorporation, back in 1999 toswitch out traditional epoxy-based liners with a baked-on, BPA-free enamel liningderived from plant oils andresins.This technology is nothingnew; in fact, Eden stumbledupon it by asking Ball whatit used before epoxy linersbecame standard some threedecades earlier. While thecustom-made cans cost 14percent more than industry-standard cans would, Edenmaintains it’s worth the extraexpense (which amounts tosome $300,000 extra peryear). “It was the right thingto do,” says Michael Potter,Eden’s president. “I didn’twant BPA in food I was serv-ing to my kids, my grandkidsor my customers.”SEND YOURENVIRONMENTALQUESTIONS TO:EarthTalk®, c/o E – TheEnvironmental Magazine,P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT06881; earthtalk@emagazine.com.
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EarthTalk®
Richard Ling photo
Our oceans are in a terrible state, thanks primarily tounrestrained commercial and industrial activity. Globalwarming may also take its toll, by shifting or shutting downpowerful ocean currents or killing off biodiversity rich cor-al reefs, like the Great Barrier Reef, pictured here.
Second Chances
April is NationalDonate Life Month
For many people, April is just another month – one filledwith the stresses of tax seasonand the anticipa-tion of spring. Butfor people in theorgan and tissuetransplant com-munity, April isnot just any othermonth.April is desig-nated as NationalDonate LifeMonth. It’s atime to recog-nize and appre-ciate those whosave and enhancethe lives of othersthrough organ andtissue donation,and to raise aware-ness about the critical needfor donors. Right now, thereare more than 106,000 peopleon the National TransplantWaiting List, and more than3,000 of those people are fromOhio. Sadly, every day, 18people die while waiting fora transplant because the sup-ply of organs does not meetthe enormousdemand.So why dopeople say “no”to organ and tis-sue donation?Below are somecommon mythsabout donation.— “Will mymedical treat-ment sufferif I say ‘yes’to donation?”Absolutely not.This myth is a theme on tele-vision drama shows, wheremany writers don’t let thefacts get in the way of a goodstory. The reality is that everyeffort will be made to savesomeone’s life, regardless of their choice to donate. Thedoctors and nurses workinghard to save lives at hospi-tals are a completely separateteam of people than those whodeal with organ donation. If all life-saving efforts havebeen exhausted and a personis declared dead, it is onlythen that the organ procure-ment organization enters thepicture.“Can I still have aviewing if I donate?” Yes.The organ recovery surgery isa very careful, respectful pro-cedure, and if an open-casketfuneral was possible beforedonation, it will be possibleafterward.— “Is my religion againstdonation?” Probably not. Allmajor religions in the UnitedStates either support organdonation, viewing itas a charitable act,or leave the deci-sion up to the indi-vidual.— “Do rich orfamous people gettransplants first?”Absolutely not. Itmight seem thatway because of theamount of public-ity generated whena celebrity receivesa transplant, butthey do not receivepreferential treat-ment. The waitinglist exists becauseeveryone has to waiton it, regardless of wealth orcelebrity status.— “Will there be a cost tomy family if I donate?” No. Allcosts associated with donationare billed to the organ procure-ment organization.— “Am I too old – ortoo sick – to donate?” Notnecessarily. There is no agelimit for organdonation. In fact,there have beendonors in their80s and 90s!It is importantto say “yes” todonation regard-less of any pre-vious or currentmedical condi-tions, as medi-cal professionalswill determinewhether dona-tion is possible after death.
The truth is that one per-son who says “yes” to dona-tion could save the lives of eight people through organsand enhance the lives of morethan 50 people through tis-sues! The most importantdecision anyone can make inhonor of Donate Life Monthis to join the Ohio DonorRegistry. Joining is simple – just say “yes” on yourdriver’s license to the ques-tion posed at the bureau of motor vehicles. Don’t feellike trudging through therain or fronting more moneyto get a new license? Youcan register online at www.DonateLifeOhio.org!
So after your taxes are doneand your flowers are planted,consider celebrating DonateLife Month by saying “yes”to organ and tissue donation.One person could give a sec-ond chance to 58 people!
Kara Steele, Director of CommunityRelations, LifeConnection of Ohio
 
COLUMBUS (AP) —Ohio transportation officialssay 2010 will be the biggestconstruction season in statehistory.Helped by federal stimu-lus money, Ohio will awardabout $2 billion in trans-portation construction proj-ects — outnumbering pastyears by more than 30 per-cent.The Ohio Department of Transportation said todaythat the agency and its localpartners will have more than1,600 projects under con-struction this year.Projects include $450 mil-lion to replace the Interstate90 Innerbelt Bridge inCleveland. Design and engi-neering work will begin thissummer, with constructionslated for 2011.Other major projectsthis year will include$57.6 million for work onInterstate 75 in Dayton,$11 million to widena bridge on I-270 nearColumbus and $23 mil-lion for a five-mile majorupgrade of Interstate 70 inBelmont County.
This year maybreak spendingrecord at ODOT
COLUMBUS — Ohio StateTreasurer Kevin L. Boyceannounced on Wednesday hissupport of legislative initia-tives proposed by the NationalAssociation of State Treasurers(NAST). In a letter to the OhioCongressional Delegation,Boyce declared these criticaleconomic issues to be a pri-ority for his administration.Specifically, he is supportinga platform for financial litera-cy, the Recovery Zone Bondsprogram and making the BuildAmerica Bonds program per-manent. He is encouraging theDelegation to get behind theseimportant matters and work withhis office on the initiatives.The Boyce administra-tion views the Build AmericaBonds and Recovery ZoneBonds programs to be espe-cially vital to Ohio’s economicrecovery. The Build AmericaBonds program is a tool thatdeepens the investor base andallows municipal issuers tolower its borrowing cost. Ithas given state and local gov-ernments the ability to pursuecritical capital projects includ-ing transportation, infrastruc-ture and school construction.Recovery Zone Bonds allowstate and local governmentbond issuers to achieve lowerborrowing costs through directpayment options. They can beused to finance a broad rangeof qualified economic develop-ment purposes including pub-lic infrastructure projects andfacilities, as well as job train-ing and educational programs.Programs such as these notonly lead to job creation buthelp to revive local communi-ties and the entire State.
Ohio treasurer joins legislativeinitiatives of other treasurers

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