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BEST Growth and Disparity 2006

BEST Growth and Disparity 2006

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Published by Education Justice

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Published by: Education Justice on Apr 09, 2010
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01/15/2013

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October 2006
GROWTHand DISPARITY:
A Decade of U.S. Public School Construction
1995-2004
 
2
Building Education Success Together -- BEST
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword3Executive Summary4
Our Public Education Infrastructure6
The Condition of America's Public School Buildings6Education Quality and the Condition of School Buildings6Community Vitality and School Buildings8
School Construction Growth 1995-20049
School Construction Projects: Building New and Fixing Old11School Construction Spending by State12Enrollment Growth Fuels New School Construction15Poor Conditions,New Codes and Practices Spur Renovations18The Need for Continued Spending and Growth 19
School Construction Disparity, 1995-2004
20School District Spending by Family Income20School District Spending by Community Household Income23School District Spending by Race and Ethnicity24Progress Toward Greater Equity and Adequacy 27New Jerseys Abbott Decision Show Potential to Alleviate Disparities28Recommendations and Conclusion 30About BEST
 
33References 35Appendix A: Methodology36Table 1: State-by-State School Construction Expenditures38Table 2: Student Spending State Rankings39Figure 1: Public School Construction Dominates School Districts’ Capital Outlay on Education9Figure 2: U.S. Public School Construction 1995-200410Figure 3: Nearly Half of Construction Spending Goes for New Schools12Figure 4: Public School Construction Varied from State to State13Figure 5: U.S. Public School Enrollment is Projected to Continue Rising15Figure 6: Greatest Increase in Public School Enrollment Change in Southwest and Southeast16Figure 7: New Construction Dominates Western and Southern States17Figure 8: Investment Increases with Family Income21Figure 9: Disparity is Greater on Spending for Improvements to Existing Schools22Figure 10: Disparity Increases with Household Income24Figure 11: Public School Students by Race/Ethnicity,2003-0425Figure 12: Minority Districts Fall Behind26Figure 13: New Jersey Public School Construction Spending Increases with Court Rulings28Figure 14: New Jersey Remedies Drastically Reduce Disparity29
 
Building Education Success Together -- BEST
3
Our country has long struggled to improve public education and achieve equity in public schools. Thecondition of public school facilities was highlighted as a social justice issue in the 1954
 Brown
v.
 Board of  Education
challenge to segregation and poignantly described in 1991 by Jonathan Kozol in his book,
Savage Inequalities
. But inadequate facilities are still largely unrecognized as an education quality issue instandards reform, teacher quality, new school creation, choice or other education improvement movementsor efforts. In addition, the important role public school quality—including building quality—plays inneighborhood and community revitalization is just beginning to be understood.As a collaborative of organizations engaged in education reform, community development, historicpreservation, and social justice, Building Educational Success Together (BEST) works at the nexus of education quality and school facilities and community vitality and school facilities. This research wasdesigned to help us and others better understand the scale, scope and distribution of school buildinginvestment so we can ensure that policy, practice and funding are aligned to the schools and communitieswith the greatest need.This report has good news and troubling news. It reveals what is known in many local communities:school construction and building improvements have been booming. Local school districts and a numberof states are planning, designing and building and renovating some public school buildings of exceptionalquality and at the same time, working hard to bring existing schools up to code and into good repair.Where enrollment has been growing school districts have add
ed
new schools and classrooms to ensureappropriate class sizes and an adequate environment for teaching and learning.But, our analysis also reaffirms our worst suspicions: Despite record spending on school construction,low-income and minority students, who already experience disadvantages, have had far less investment intheir school facilities than their more affluent, white counterparts and the conditions for these studentscontinues to be substandard.The BESTpartners believe that every child deserves the programs, people and the place—the schoolbuildings—that will support his or her efforts to prepare for a lifetime of health, work, family and civicresponsibility. Likewise, educators deserve a safe, healthy and inspiring place to work. And everycommunity deserves a public school around which it can build and sustain neighborhoods and communityconnections.Mary W. FilardoExecutive Director21st Century School Fund
FOREWORD

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