EMBEDDED PREPAID ENERGY METER WITH OVER VOLTAGE AND OVERLOAD PROTECTION SYSTEM
Applications” VEMS is an intelligent solution to the revenue crisis and energy thefts prevalent in Indian power sector. Technical advances in metering technology and the useof information technology will result in enhanced efficiency, revenues, and better management and customer services. It will also facilitate load forecasting and control,identify potential areas of theft, losses and take measures to rectify it.S.A. Al-Qatariand A.R. Nu-Ali  discuss about “Microcontroller basedautomated billing system” they present digital energy modules equipped with credit cardreading capability and charge automatically. Also, all service metering modules arefacilitated with an automatic service connection and disconnection based on the availablecredit. The software structure commands the whole process via the microcontroller input/output ports.I.Hakki Cavdar  identifies illegal electricity usage and present a paper on “ASolution to Remote Detection of Illegal Electricity Usage via Power LineCommunications” where
AMR system via PLC is set in a power deliverysystem, a detection system for illegal electricity usage may be easilyadded in the existing PLC network. In the detection system, the seconddigitally energy meter chip is used and the value of energy is stored. The recorded energy is compared with the value at the main kilowatt-hour meter. In the case of the difference between two recorded energydata, an error signal is generated and transmitted via PLC network.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1.Tradition energy monitoring system is done by electromechanical energy meter where the consumer manipulate the meter to cause it under register or even run backwards and in some cases tampering techniques will be employed like breaking the housing , jamming the mechanism and bypassing the energy meter to effectively use electric energy.2.In this busy world consumer has to wait in a long queue to pay the electricity bill.3.There is no protection to our house hold electrical equipment as well as our lifedue to over load and over voltage condition respectively.4.Automated meter reading is not available in present mechanical energy meter which could convey theft message to power supplying authority.
Dept.Electronics & comm. EnggSiddaganga polytechnic, Tumkur-3