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Silica and Silicon in Textiles

Silica and Silicon in Textiles

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Published by puja_14
silicon in the textile as a softner
silicon in the textile as a softner

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: puja_14 on Apr 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/03/2012

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SILICA
Silicon, a common element in our daily lives, generally exists in nature assilicon dioxide ± or silica. It was found that silica particles are spherical andhave diameters of 143 and 378 nm. Silicon is a major constituent of glass,ceramics and computer chips. Next to oxygen, silicon is the earth¶s mostabundant element and is found in sand, silt and clays ± the mineralconstituents of soils. The solubility of silicon in water varies greatly among itsvarious forms.
SILICA AND TEXTILES
Silica textiles are highly resistant to corrosion and deterioration caused bychemicals, have good electrical insulation capabilities and remain flexible anddrapable at high temperatures. Besides these excellent qualities, silica textilesare resistant to thermal shock, will resist molten metal splashing, weldingsplatter and direct flame impact. Silica materials are often used as filters in the production of casting acid, and also as moisture-resistant filling in compositematerials that require unimpeded performance at high temperatures(Themelting point of silica textiles is above 1600ºC)There are many types of applications for silica, each one is perfectly qualifiedfor its own field of usage.
 
y
 
Silica fabrics
± Used primarily for high temperature insulation, thermal protection for several technical branches, blankets, molten metal splash protection, open flame and refractory padding.
y
 
Silica yarns
± These equalized twisted yarns are made in several plies.The yarns are comprised of a collection of hundreds of single
 
continuous filaments. During the production process they are subjectedto thermal and chemical treatments to assure superior quality.
y
 
Silica meshes
 ± These meshes are used for filtering and cleaning of melted materials and are placed directly under the pouring gate of themoulding box.
y
 
Silica fibre
± Chopped silica fibres are used as thermal insulation in awide variety of applications.
y
 
Silica felt
± This combination of fluffy fibres is frequently used as filler for mattresses and also employed for high temperature thermalinsulation and protection.
PROP
E
TIES
OF
SILICA
Some of the most useful properties of silicone include:
y
 
G
ood electrical insulation. Because silicone can be formulated to beelectrically insulative or conductive, it is suitable for a wide range of electrical applications.
y
 
Thermal stability (constancy of properties over a wide operating rangeof í100 to 250 °C).
y
 
Though not a hydrophobe, the ability to repel water and form watertightseals.
y
 
E
xcellent resistance to oxygen, ozone andUVlight (sunlight). This hasled to widespread use in the construction industry (e.g. coatings, fire protection, glazing seals), and automotive industry (external gaskets,external trim).
y
 
Does not stick.
y
 
L
ow chemical reactivity.
y
 
L
owtoxicity, but does not support microbiological growth.
 
y
 
H
ighgas permeability: at room temperature (25 °C) the permeability of silicone rubber for gases like oxygen is approximately 400 times thatof  butyl rubber , making silicone useful for medical applications (though precluding it from applications where gas-tight seals are necessary).
SILIC
O
N
F
INISH
Silicon finish is a thin layer of special silicon resin is applied on the surface of coating . This kind of finishing was initially developed to avoid sticky problem of the coating, and meanwhile, this provide fabrics a smooth handfeeling, and improve water-resistance and washability of fabrics. In the textileapplications segment, Silicones can be modified with structural and functionalmodification in the base product to offer a myriad range of finishes.Silicone finishes are widely recognized as the best materials for increasing thesoftness of fabrics, enhancing their aesthetic feel and imparting an excellent³hand.´ They improve several physical properties, such as tear strength,abrasion and wrinkle resistance, stretch recovery and shrinkage reduction.They can provide either water absorption or water repellency with little to noimpact on fabric whiteness. They make fabrics more comfortable and moredesirable to touch, purchase and wear.
C
OMPO
NENT
OF
THE
F
INISH
A silicone-based fabric finishing agent which comprises: an aminoalkyl-substituted diorganopolysiloxane; a reaction product of an aminoalkyl-substituted organopolysiloxane and an epoxy-containing organic compound; ahydrolysis product of an epoxy-containing hydrolyzable organosilanecoupound; and, optionally, an aminoalkyl-substituted organopolysiloxane
M
AIN
F
EATU
ES
OF
SILIC
O
N
F
INISH

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