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vridha sadanangal anivaryamo(www.sandhesam.com)

vridha sadanangal anivaryamo(www.sandhesam.com)

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Published by: sandhesam on Apr 10, 2010
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05/24/2013

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Bcm-aw- 
\hw-_¿ 2008................................................................................................................................................................................................................ -
hr
≤cpsS {]iv\ßfpw hr≤cmep≠mIp∂ {]iv\ßfpw ]pXnb ImeØvHcp bmYm¿Yy-amWv. Cu {]iv\-ßsf, A°m-Z-an-I-am-btXm ]T-\-Øn\vam{Xap≈tXm Bb hnjbambn am{Xw IW°m°n, icnbmb hkvXpXIsfad®psh®psIm≠p≈ N¿®IfmW v]et∏mgpw \S°mdp≈X. v hm¿[IyØns‚imcocn-Ihpw am\kn-Ihpamb {]iv\ßsf am{Xw FÆn-∏d-™v AXn-\p≈]cnlmcam¿K߃ Nq≠n°m´n At\zjWw AhnsS Ahkm\n°p∂p. kaqlimk{vXØns‚tbm kaqla\ximk{vXØns‚tbm tkmjy¬h¿°ns‚tbm ]mTß-fn¬ AXn\ptij-amWv hr≤¿ CSw]nSn-°p-∂Xv. Cß-s\-bp≈ HcpbmYm¿YyØn\ vImcWßfmIp∂ kmaqlnI kmlNcyßsf°pdn® vAt∏mgpw]T\߃ \S°p∂n√.kmaqlnImhÿbn¬ hcp∂ am‰ßƒ Xs∂bmWv CXns‚ ASnÿm\]camb ImcW-߃. CXv NnIbmsX, "ImcpWy-sI´ Imeam-WnXv', "\µn-sI´ Xeapd-bmWv C∂tØXv', "Ien-Ime kw`-hßfpsS ]cºcbnsemcp
hr≤kZ\߃ A\nhmcytam?
F≥.]n lm^nkv aplΩZv 
C¥y-bnse hr≤¿,Hcp hnI-knX cmPyØv  hr≤-cm-I-W-sa-∂n-√. HcptZiØv Xs∂-bp≈ Hcp IpSpw_w Hcmsf hr≤-\mtbm hr≤-bmtbm IW-°m-°p-∂-Xnse am\-Z-fi-am-bn-cn-°n√as‰mcp IpSpw_wkzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv.
 
............................................................................................................................................................................................................Bcm-aw- 
\hw-_¿ 2008
IÆnbmWnXv' F∂pXpSßnbp≈ sshImcnI hnt£m`ßtfm aqey]cambhnebncpØepItfm BWv \SØmdp≈Xv. hr≤cmep≠mIp∂ {]iv\ßfpwAXnsshImcnIXbn¬ hfs®mSn°s∏SpIbmWv. hr≤kaqlsØ A°mZan°pIsft∏mseØs∂ km[mcW°mcpw bmYm¿Yyt_m[tØmsS hnebncptØ≠Xp≠v.
BcmWv hr≤¿?
Cu tNmZyØn\v BtKmfmSnÿm\Øn¬ Hcp s]mXp\n¿hN\w Akm[yamWv. C¥ybnse hr≤¿, Hcp hnIknX cmPyØv hr≤cmIW-sa∂n√.\Kc kaqlØn¬ hr≤sc∂v IW°m°s∏Sp∂hsc BZnaP\ßfptStbm{KmaoW-cptStbm CSbn¬ hr≤-cmbn ImW°m°p∂n-√. Hcp tZiØv Xs∂bp≈ Hcp IpSpw_w Hcmsf hr≤\mtbm hr≤bmtbm IW-°m°p∂Xnseam\Zfiam-bn-cn-°n√ as‰mcp IpSpw_w kzoIcn-°p∂Xv. IpSpw_ `n∂ambImgvN∏mSpIfpw ioeßfpw hr≤tcmSp≈ kao]\Ønepw D≠v. Hcp IpSpw_Øn¬ Xs∂bp≈ c≠pt]¿ hr≤sc ImWp∂ \ne]mSpIfnepw hyXymkwImWm\mhpw. Hcmƒ hr≤\mbn IW°m°p∂ Bfns\ as‰mcmƒ Aßs\ImWWsa∂n√. kaql`n∂hpw IpSpw_`n∂hpw hy‡n`n∂hpamb \ne]mSpIƒ hr≤sc \n¿hNn°p∂Xnepw ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xnepw \ne\n¬°p∂p≠v. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ hr≤cpsS {]iv\ßtfmSp≈ kao]\ßfnepw ]cnlmcam¿Kßfnepw hyXymk߃ ImWp∂p. AXv Ahcpambp≈ _‘sØIqSpX¬ k¶o¿Æam°pIbpw sNøp∂p.
amdp∂ kaq-lwamdp∂ -_‘߃
hm¿[Iyw A\nhmcyXbmWv, AXv Hgn®pIqSm\mhmØ Hcp bmYm¿YyamW.v F∂m¬ ]gbImesØ A\p`hßfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ hm¿[IysØImWp∂XvAbYm¿Y]q¿Wamb h¶ØamWv. ImeØn\\pkcn®vIpSpw_w t]mep≈ kmaqlyÿm]\ßfpw amdp∂p≠v. 15˛mw \q‰m≠nse IpSpw_mhÿb√ C∂tØXv. IpSpw_ØnseAwK-ß-fpsS [¿Ω-߃ (
functions
)amdp∂p. AwK-ß-fpsS ]Z-hn-bnepw(
status
)
kmcamb am‰ßƒ h∂p. 19˛mw\q‰m≠n¬ Ip´nIsf IW°m°nbncp∂ ImgvN∏mSpIƒ ImelcWs∏´ncn°p∂p. AWpIpSpw_Øn¬ HmtcmIp´n°pw D≈ ÿm\w, kaqlØn¬Xs∂bp≈ ]Zhn BI∏msS am‰nadn°s∏´n´p≠v. Ip´nIfpsS AhImi߃ C∂v \nbakm[pX e`n® {]amW-ß-fmWv. AXp-t]mse Xs∂hr≤¿°v]Zhnam‰hpap≠mbn´p≠v.ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambn Hcm-fns‚{]tbmP\]cX {][m\sa∂ vImWp∂kaqlamW v\S∏pImeØnt‚X.v PohnXØns‚ F√m taJeIfnepw F√mkaqlßfnepw ]pXpImew Cu hn[samcp \ne]mSv D≠m-°n-°gn-™n-´p≠.v AX vsXt‰m icntbm F∂ vaqeyhnNmcw \SØnbXpsIm≠v ^e{]Zamb {]iv\]cn-lm-cßfn-seØn- tN-cm\mhn√.
hr≤-tcm-Sp≈ kao]\wF¥m-bn-cn-°Ww?
Btcm-Ky-Im-cy-ßfn¬ tIcfwkn≤n® t\´ßƒ hr≤¿°pw GsdKpW{]ZamWv. hr≤cpsS imcocnI{]iv\ßsf \mw ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xv G‰hpw \ho\amb sshZyimkv{X Is≠ØepIfpw am¿KßfpwAhew_n®mWv. hm¿[IyImesØhnhn[ tcmK-߃°v \ΩpsS an° ]©m-b-Øp-I-fnepw ^e-{]-Z-ambNnIn’ e`n°p∂p≠v. Aƒjntagvkvt]mep≈ tcmKtØmS vhfsc imk{vXob-amb am¿K-ßfmWv tIc-f-Ønse{Kma߃ ssIs°m≈p∂X. vF∂m¬ hr-≤-cpsS am\-knI{]iv\-ß-tfmSv {Inbm-fl-I-amb Hcp\ne-]mSv tIc-fob kaqlw D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-Øn-´n-√. hr≤-cpsS H‰-s∏-S¬, GIX, `qX-Ime {]Xn-]Øn,]g-b- aq-ey-ß-tfmSpw coXn-I-tfm-Sp-ap≈ AanXm`napJyw, acW˛tcmK-`bw, sshIm-cnI hnt£m-`-߃XpS-ßn-bh ssIImcyw sNøm≥DNn-X-amb t_m[hpw ]cn-⁄m-\hpw ]cn-io-e-\hpw tIc-fo-b¿°vC\nbpw e`n-®n´n√.IpSpw-_-tØm-sSm∏w Xma-kn-°p∂ hr≤-cpsS am\-knIXe-ß-sf°p-dn-®p≈ A⁄-X-bmWv ]e-t∏mgpw {]iv\-߃ D-≠m-°p-∂Xv.As√-¶n¬ {]iv\-ßsf k¶o¿Æ-am-°p-∂Xv. Xe-ap-d-Iƒ XΩn-ep≈BtcmKyIcamb _‘w \ne\n¿Øp∂-Xn\v h¿Ø-am\Ime kml-N-cy-ßsf a\-n-em-°n-s°m-≠p≈ ]cn-io-e\w ]e¿°pw \¬tI-≠-Xp≠v.Iu¨kenßv Cu Imcy-Øn¬ ^e-{]-Z-amb Hcp CS-s]-S-emWv.
 Imcp-Wy-tØm-sSbpw kua-\-ky-tØm-sSbpw hr≤sc IpSpw-_mw-K-߃ ]cnc-£n-°pI F∂-XmWv {][m\w.kml-N-cy-߃ F{X amdnbmepw \msf A—-\-Ω-am¿°v a°ƒ \¬tI-≠p∂ ]cn-K-W-\-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Adn-bn-∏p-I-fm-bXv amdp-∂p. hr≤sc GIm-In-Ifpw \n-lm-b-cp-am-°p∂Xc-Øn-ep≈ s]cp-am‰w Np‰p-]m-Sp-Iƒ GXp-hn[w amdn-bmepwa°-fn¬ \n∂p-≠m-I-cpXv.
 
Bcm-aw- 
\hw-_¿ 2008................................................................................................................................................................................................................ -
IpSpw-_Øn-\p≈nse hr≤¿
aebmfnIƒ°nSbn¬ hr≤kZ\ß-fp-b¿Øp∂ {]iv\-ß-sf-°mƒ{][m\w IpSpw_Øn\p≈n¬ Xs∂Ign-bp∂ hr≤-cpsS {]iv\ßfmWv.Hcp hoSn-\p≈n¬ ]ckv]cw Btcm-KyIcamb Bibhn\nabw \S°msXt]mIp-∂p. hr≤-cpsS h¿Ø-am\wtIƒ°mt\m AhcpsS sshImcnImhÿ a\-n-em-°mt\m Xøm-dm-hmØh¿ Ahsc i]n°p∂p;kzbhpw ]gn°p∂p.\ΩpsS \m´n≥]pdßfn¬ t]mepwhr≤¿° vh∂psIm≠ncn°p∂ ZmcpWmhÿsb \mw th≠hn[w ]cnKWn°p∂pt≠m F∂ vkwibnt°≠nbncn°p∂p. hoSpIfn¬ kwL¿jØn¬ Ignbp∂Xnepw t`Zw hr≤kZ\Ønte°vam‰p∂XmsW∂pw, hosS∂ XShdbnepwkpc£nXw hrk-Z\amsW∂pw IcpXp∂ hr≤cpap≠.vImcpWy-tØm-sSbpw kua\ky-tØmsSbpw hr≤sc IpSpw_mwK߃]cnc--£n°pI F∂XmWv {][m\w.kml-N-cy-߃ F{X amdnbmepw\msf A—\Ωam¿°v a°ƒ \¬tI≠p∂ ]cnKW\sb°pdn®p≈ Adnbn∏pIfmbXvamdp∂p. hr≤sc GImInIfpw \nlmbcpam°p∂ XcØnep≈ s]cpam‰w Np‰p]mSpIƒ GXphn[w amdnbmepw a°fn¬ \n∂p≠mIcpXv, A{Xam{Xw.IpSpw_-ßfn¬ hr-≤-cps≠-¶n¬IgnhXpw km[yamt°≠ ]e Imcyßfpap≠v.1. Znh-khpw Ipd-®p-k-abwhr≤-tcm-sSm∏w sNe-h-gn-°m≥Is≠-ØpI.2. £am]q¿∆w s]cpamdpIbpw \√t{imXm°fmbncn°pIbpw sNøpI.Bh¿Øn®p sImt≠bncn°p∂ Imcy߃ tIƒ°p-tºmƒ s]m´n-sØ-dn-°msX, t_m[ys∏SpØm≥ {ian°pI.3. sNdnb Ip´n-I-fp-w {]mb-am-b-hcpw XΩn¬ _‘w D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-°m≥{ian-°p-I. Ip´n-I-fpsS kz`m-h-cq-]o-I-c-W-Øn¬ hr≤-cpsS {Inbm-fl-I-ambBibhn\n-a-b-Øn\v Gsd {]m[m-\y-ap≠v. IY-Iƒ ]d-bm\pw A\p-`-h-߃ ]¶p-sh-°m\pw hr≤¿°v AsXmcp Ah-k-c-ambn amdp-∂p. Ip´n-Iƒ°pw AXv Kp-Ww- sN-øpw.4. Ign-bm-hp-∂{X {Inbm-flI ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifn¬ Ahsc ]¶m-fn-I-fm-°p-I.Ign-hp-Iƒ {]I-Sn∏n°m\p≈ Ah-kc߃ D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-°p-I-. A-Xn\vklmbw sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-°p-I.5. hr≤-cpsS Xm¬]-cy-߃°nW-ßp∂ hnt\mZ߃°v Ah-k-c-ap-≠m-°p-I. kwKoXw, kn\n-a, Ifn-Iƒ F∂nh DNn-X-ambhn[w D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-tØ≠Xp≠v.6. kam-\-h-b-kvIcp-ambn hr≤sc _‘n-∏n-°p-I. Ah¿°v I≠p-ap-´m\pw A\p-`-h-ßtfm hnIm-c-hn-Nm-c-ßtfm ]¶p-sh-°m-\p≈ Ah-k-c-߃ kr„n-°p-I. hr≤-cpsS Iq´mbva, kwLS\, {]h¿Ø\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ F∂nh Xma-k-ÿ-e-ß-fn-tem, {]mtZ-in-Im-Sn-ÿm-\-Øntem D≠m-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. hr≤¿°m-bp≈ ¢∫p-Iƒ luknßv tImf-\n-I-fn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-°m-hp-∂-XmWv.7. hr≤¿°v th≠n GI-Zn-\-bm-{X-Iƒ, kµ¿i\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ F∂nh\SØpI. ]nIv\n°pIƒ AhcpsS IqSn Xm¬]cyßfpw imcocnImhÿbpw]cn-K-Wn-®mWv \S-tØ-≠Xv.8. hr≤¿°m-bp≈ ]I¬ ]cn-c-£m-tI-{µ-߃ (
Day Care Centres
)D≠m°pI. AXns‚ {]h¿Ø\w imkv{Xo-bambn Nn´s∏Sp-Øp-I.9. hr≤-cpsS cpNnbpw Xm¬]-cy-ßfpw t\m°n `£-W-sa-mcp°phm≥{i≤n-°pI.10. BtcmKyImcy-߃ {i≤n-°p-I. {]tXy-In®pw am\-kn-Im-tcmKyw \ne-\n¿Øm-\p≈ Np‰p-]mSv hoSn-\p-≈n¬ D≠m-°p-I.
IpSpw-_-Øn-s\m∏w hr≤scXma-kn-∏n-°m≥km[y-a-s√-¶ntem?
]m›mXycmPyßfn¬ hr≤kZ\tam, hr≤cpsS IΩyqWpItfm (H∂n®vXmakn-°p∂ CSw) A\n-hm-cy-Xbmbn amdn-°gn-™n-cn-°p∂p. Hgn-hm-°m-\m-hmØ HcmNmcw. kvt\lap≈ a°ƒ A—\Ωam¿°v A\ptbmPyamb hr≤kZ\߃ Is≠Øp∂p. Nne¿ sNehphln°p∂p. As√¶n¬, Ahkm\Imew Ign®pIq´m≥ ]‰p∂ hr≤kZ\߃ t\csØXs∂ Is≠Øn AXn\phcp∂ sNehv t\csØ Xs∂ kzcq]n°p∂ {]mbw IqSnbhcpsS Xeapdbmbn Ah¿ kzbw amdns°m≠ncn°p∂p. CØcw Imcyßfn¬ a°sf t]mepw_p≤nap´n°m≥ Ah¿ B{Kln°p∂n√.Idh∏iphmbncn°ptºmƒ Bhiyap≠mIpsa∂pw Idh‰ ]iphmIptºmƒAdhpimebnte°b°s∏Spsa∂ h¿Øam\Ime hnNmcadnbmhp∂Xn\m¬kzbsamcp hr≤kZ\w Is≠Øp∂p AhnsS ]ecpw. Ah¿°v a°ƒ h¿jØnsemcn°¬ Hcp\mƒ Hcp ]pjvt]m]lmchpambn hs∂Øm\p≈ AXnYnIfmWv. As√¶n¬ P∑Zn\Øn\vhr≤kZ\Ønte°vA—\Ωam¿°vHcm iwkmIm¿Uv Abm°m\p≈h¿. AXv \S°msX hcp∂XmWv ]m›mXy\m
 \ncm-ew-_-cm-Ip∂ hr≤-P-\-߃°v XmßpwXW-ep-am-hpI F∂Xv kaq-ly-Po-hn-X-Øn¬A\p-jvTn-t°≠ G‰hpw {][m-\-s∏´ I¿Ω-amWv. hoSn-\-IØv hr≤scXma-kn-∏n-°p-∂-hcpw as‰mcp hgn-bp-an-s√-¶n¬ hr≤-k-Z-\-ß-fn-te°v am‰p-∂-hcpwimkv{Xo-b-amb Img-vN-∏m-tSmsS Cu PohnXkml-N-cysØ kao-]n-t°-≠-Xp≠v.H∏w Xs∂ kzm¿∞-]-ctam k¶p-Nn-Xtam BbXm¬]-cy-߃°-√msX emt`-—- am{Xwem°m-°n-bp≈ hr≤-k-Z-\-߃D≠m-bn-Øo-tc-≠Xpw Bh-iy-ambn h∂n-cn-°p-∂p.

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