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27235175 Teaching Speaking in a Classroom

27235175 Teaching Speaking in a Classroom

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Published by jitu_kadanza6308
Teaching Speaking
Teaching Speaking

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Published by: jitu_kadanza6308 on Apr 10, 2010
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TEACHING SPEAKING
 Arranged to fulfill assignment on Research Method Year 2010 
Presented by
MINDA MORAReg. No 809115015A (Regular)ENGLISH APPLIED LINGUISTICS
POST GRADUATE SCHOOLSTATE UNIVERSITY OF MEDAN2010
 
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TEACHING SPEAKING
A. Background of the Study
Speaking is the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of verbal andnon-verbal symbols. Speaking is a crucial part of second language learning and teaching.However, today¶s world requires that the goal of teaching speaking should improve students¶communicative skills because students can express themselves and learn how to use a language. Nowadays, many teacher agree that students should learn to speak the second language by interacting to others. For this case, students should master several speaking components¶,such as: comprehension, pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, and fluency. In brief, Englishteacher should be creative in developing their teaching learning process to create goodatmosphere, improve the students speaking skill, give attention to the speaking components¶, andmake the English lesson more exiting.For this reason, the English teacher should apply appropriate method and technique of teaching speaking. The method used by the teacher is Communicative approach. Incommunicative approach, language is primarily a tool of communication. Thus, learning alanguage means learning to perform communicative speech acts with it (Brickerton. 1996: 1).In general, speech acts are acts of communication. To communicate is to express a certainattitude, and the type of speech act being performed corresponds to the type of attitude beingexpressed. For example, a statement expresses a belief, a request expresses a desire, and anapology expresses a regret. As an act of communication, a speech act succeeds if the audienceidentifies, in accordance with the speaker's intention, the attitude being expressed which realizedin the language.
 
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B. The Notion of Speaking
. Studying English without practice speaking is useless. Through speaking, one canexpress their minds, ideas and thought freely and spontaneously. To most people, mastering theart of speaking is the single most important aspect of learning a second or foreign language, andsuccess is measured in terms of the ability to carry out a conversation in the language.In psycholinguistic, speaking is a productive language skill. It is a mental process(O¶Grady, 2000:310). Mental process also called as ³a process of thinking´. We use word, phrases, and sentences to convey a message to a listener. A
w
ord
is the smallest free form (anitem that may be uttered in isolation with semantic or pragmatic content) in a language, while a phrase is a syntactic structure that consists of more than one word but lacks the subject-predicateorganization of a clause. When we combine these words into one group, then it become asentence.Many students regard speaking ability as the measure of knowing a language. Thesestudents define fluency as the ability to converse with others, much more than the ability to read,write, or comprehend oral language. They regard speaking as the most important skill they canacquire, and they assess their progress in terms of their accomplishments in spokencommunication (Burnkart: 1998).Generally, students need to recognize that speaking involves three areas of knowledge(Burnkart: 1998):
y
 
Mechanics (pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary): Using the right words in the rightorder with the correct pronunciation

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