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Matemática - Exercícios Resolvidos - Produtos Notáveis

Matemática - Exercícios Resolvidos - Produtos Notáveis

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Published by: Matemática Mathclassy on May 14, 2008
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08/18/2014

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MA+TE+MÁ+TI+CA – É bom contar!http://www.geocities.com/mat_175 
PRODUTOS NOTÁVEIS
É muito comum nas expressões algébrica o aparecimento de certos produtos. Para simplificar o trabalho nos cálculos será muito útil a aplicaçãodos produtos notáveis. Veja a tabela abaixo:
 
 Produtos notáveis Exemplos
(a+b)
2
= a
2
+2ab+b
2
 
(x+3)
2
= x
2
+6x+9
(a-b)
2
= a
2
-2ab+b
2
 
(x-3)
2
= x
2
-6x+9
(a+b)(a-b) = a
2
-b
2
 
(x+3)(x-3) = x
2
-9
(x+a)(x+b) = x
2
+(a+b)x+ab
(x+2)(x+3) = x
2
+5x+6 
(a+b)
3
= a
3
+3a
2
b+3ab
2
+b
3
 
(x+2)
3
= x
3
+6x
2
+12x+8
(a-b)
3
= a
3
-3a
2
b+3ab
2
-b
3
 
(x-2)
3
= x
3
-6x
2
+12x-8
(a+b)(a
2
-ab+b
2
 ) = a
3
+b
3
 
(x+2)(x
2
-2x+4) = x
3
+8
(a-b)(a
2
+ab+b
2
 ) = a
3
-b
3
 
(x-2)(x
2
+2x+4) = x
3
-8
ALGUNS EXERCÍCIOS RESOLVIDOS:1) Desenvolva:
a) (3x+y)
2
 
(3x+y)
2
= (3x)
2
+2.3x.y+y
2
=
9x
2
+6xy+y
2
 
b) ((1/2)+x
2
)
2
 
((1/2)+x
2
)
2
= (1/2)
2
+2.(1/2).x
2
+(x
2
)
2
=
(1/4) +x
2
+x
4
 
c) ((2x/3)+4y
3
)
2
 
((2x/3)+4y
3
)
2
= (2x/3)
2
-2.(2x/3).4y
3
+(4y
3
)
2
=
(4/9)x
2
-(16/3)xy
3
+16y
6
 
d) (2x+3y)
3
 
(2x+3y)
3
= (2x)
3
+3.(2x)
2
.3y+3.2x.(3y)
2
+(3y)
3
=
8x
3
+36x
2
y+54xy
2
+27y
3
 e) (x
4
+(1/x
2
))
3
 
(x
4
+(1/x
2
))
3
= (x
4
)
3
+3.(x
4
)
2
.(1/x
2
)+3.x
4
.(1/x
2
)
2
+(1/x
2
)
3
=
x
12
+3x
6
+3+(1/x
6
)
 
f) ((2x/3)+(4y/5)).((2x/3)-(4y/5))

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