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History of Entrepreneurship

History of Entrepreneurship

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Published by J_Abb

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: J_Abb on Apr 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/10/2013

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Entrepreneurship & SME Management
History of Entrepreneurship
 The term entrepreneurship can be traced back to as early as the Middle Ages,when the entrepreneur was simply someone who carried out tasks, such as buildings andconstruction projects by applying all the resources at his disposal. However, it was during the16
th
century when business was used as a common term, and the entrepreneur came intofocus as a person who is responsible for undertaking a business venture. In the 18
th
century,early economists, for instance one known as Richard Cantillon, added that an entrepreneurbears risk as part of his work definition.It was during the 17
th
and 18
th
centurys Industrial Revolution that business itself was becoming part of the new lifestyle, especially in Europe, where most of this developmentwas taking place. The early economists, such as John Baptiste, John Stuart Mill, and AlfredMarshall all included entrepreneurship into the economic spectrum of the time by defining thevarious skills and features of an entrepreneur. These definitions vary from an entrepreneurbeing responsible for employing resources in high productivity areas to earn profits, to riskbearing, and finally to an entrepreneur being responsible for organization and control.However, the most substantial research into entrepreneurial theory was achieved in the 20
th
 century, under the aegis of Joseph Schumpeter, who claims that the entrepreneur has acreative destruction innovation by replacing destroying an existing economy by a better,advance one.Where some of the entrepreneurships emerged as a result of innovation basedon new products, others were merely an expansion of existing businesses in markets that nowshowed areas of growth. For instance, railroads and shipping, cargo, transport; factors thatbecame intertwined with growth in commerce during the late 18
th
century and early 19
th
 century. The 20
th
century saw the evolution of entrepreneurial history developing its mostrecent form and most of this research was done at the Center for Entrepreneurial History atHarvard. It was here that the theorist Arthur H. Cole defined an entrepreneur as an

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Mesfin Asfaw added this note
i am postgraduate student at university of Gondar in Ethiopia, how i can get free download?
1 thousand reads
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Liz Hanton liked this
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J_Abb added this note
Hey guys, yes this piece is a little old, sorry haven't had the time to update!
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Diane del Rosario added this note
what is the present situation of entrepreneurship today?

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