COLUMBIA HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW
[41:1So many Roma have emigrated from the C.R. to Canada to seekasylum that the latter has imposed a visa requirement on Czechcitizens, despite the protestations of the international human rightscommunity.
In Hungary, where Roma are the countrys largestminority, anti-Roma hostility has roiled the political stage, fueling problems for the nations governing socialist party.
Nearby, Romania remains a place ripe for unchecked acts of aggression toward ethnic minorities, in particular, the Roma.
Human Rights First has recently issued a report detailing violenceagainst Roma in the aforementioned countries as well as Bulgaria,Italy, the Russian Federation, Serbia, and Slovakia.
Outside EasternEurope, Italy is not alone in popular assaults against Roma. Ireland,too, has recently been the scene of anti-Roma assaults. Recently,more than one hundred Roma were physically driven from theirhomes in Belfast.
The Romas pariah status has led not only tosporadic but to frequent attacks. Throughout Eastern Europe, Romahave been treated as African-Americans were in the Deep Southbefore the 1960s civil rights acts, in all areas of life, from housing, toeducation, employment, public accommodations, and beyond.When Eastern European countries sought admission to theEuropean Union, it required that those countries enact anti-discrimination legislation and, in particular, put an end to region-wide school segregation of Roma.
Because I was one of the lawyers
Amnesty Directors urge Canadian Minister of Immigration to reverse decision on visa requirements for travelers from Mexicoand the Czech RepublicLetter
, Aug. 24, 2009, http://amnesty.ca/amnestynews/view.php?load=arcview&article=4855&c=Resource+Centre+News.4.Krisztina Than,
Simmering Resentment Targets Hungarys Roma
, Feb.12, 2009, http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSLA341178.5.Alessandra Salatti,
Hatred and Nationalism in Romania: Explaining Anti-Roma Violence
, Xhe: Stan. Student J. Russ., E. Eur., and Eurasian Stud.,Spring 2005, at 1, 1.6.Human Rights First, Fact Sheet: Violence Against Roma (2009),http://www.humanrightsfirst.org/pdf/violence-against-roma-anti-roma-fd.pdf.7.Marie Breen-Smyth,
Racism and violence in Northern Ireland: Romanian Roma driven out of Belfast
, e-International Relations, July 1, 2009,http://www.e-ir.info/?p=1764.8.This requirement stems from states obligation to ratify the EuropeanUnions Race Directive in order to be admitted to the Union.
Council Directive2000/43/EC, 2000 O.J. (L 180/22) [hereinafter EU Race Directive]; MaxineSleeper, Note,
Anti-discrimination Laws in Eastern Europe: Toward Effective Implementation
, 40 Colum. J. Transnatl L. 177, 187 (2001) (explaining that the