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Breaking Down Barriers Racism in Ireland

Breaking Down Barriers Racism in Ireland

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Published by bgeller4936
Ireland, racism, prejudice, Travellers
Ireland, racism, prejudice, Travellers

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: bgeller4936 on Apr 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2011

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BREAKING DOWN BARRIERS:
Tackling racism in Irelandat the level of the Stateand its institutions
Authors
Louise Beirne and Dr Vinodh JaichandIrish Centre for Human RightsNational University of Ireland, Galway
“Racism must be consciously combatedand not discreetly tolerated” 
Nelson Mandela
 
“The 30-year delay between Ireland’s signing of the CERDConvention and its ratification emphasises the failure to take theissue of racism seriously until very recently, as does the official failure to collect even basic statistics on the numbers of members of ethnic minorities in the state. And, regrettably, we feel that theGovernment’s First Report under the Convention still appears tounderestimate the scale of the challenge that we face as a result of the changes in Irish society and the growth of racism. We welcome,however belated, the Government’s ratification of the Conventionand the opportunity it provides to inform the CERD Committee of the problems we face in Ireland and what we feel is the inadequacy to date of the Government’s response in some key areas.” 
Submission of the Irish Human Rights Commission to the UNCommittee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in respect of Ireland’s First National Report under the Convention on theElimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (2005)
 
Table of Contents
Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iIntroduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiiMethodology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Part I: LEGAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.‘Race’, Ethnicity and Racism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.1Race21.2Ethnicity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.3The Definition of Racial Discrimination under International Law. . . . . . . . . . 31.4Affirmative Action. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41.5Racism at the level of the State and its institutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.5.1At the level of legislation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.5.2At the level of the Executive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.5.3At the level of the Judiciary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.5.4At the level of Immigration and Asylum policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71.5.5Individual Government and Political Representatives. . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.6Non-state Actors and State Racism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.6.1Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.6.2Impact on Non-state Institutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.Institutional Racism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.1Identifying Institutional Racism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.Tackling Racism at the level of the State and its institutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.1A Cohesive Mainstream Strategy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213.1.1The Duty to Respect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223.1.2The Duty to Protect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223.1.3The Duty to Fulfil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223.1.4Positive measures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223.2Evidence-Based Policy-Making. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243.3A Working definition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253.4A Code of Practice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253.5Effective Sanctions and Remedies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253.6Human Rights Training. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273.7Targeted Recruitment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283.8Evaluation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

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