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Racist Harrassment in Northern Ireland

Racist Harrassment in Northern Ireland

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Published by bgeller4936
Northern Ireland, racism, discrimination
Northern Ireland, racism, discrimination

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: bgeller4936 on Apr 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/30/2014

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Racist Harassment inNorthern Ireland
Neil Jarman & Rachel MonaghanSeptember 2003
 
ICR - 07/04/2004
1
Contents
Executive Summary 2Introduction 5
Part One – Background and Overview
81.1.
 
Defining Racist Incidents 8 1.2.
 
Minority Communities in Northern Ireland131.3.
 
Monitoring Racism191.4.
 
Significance of Racist Harassment27
Part Two – Analysis of Recorded Incidents
332.1
 
Gender and Age of Victim332.2
 
Geographical Location of Incidents362.3
 
Relationship Between Place and Racism412.4
 
Location of Racist Incidents462.5
 
 Nature of Incidents482.6
 
Time of Year and Time of Day of Incidents532.7
 
Perpetrators of Racist Harassment55
Part Three – Responding to Racist Harassment
593.1Police Responses to Racist Harassment593.2 Statutory Support for Victims623.3
 
Voluntary and Community Support693.4
 
Working in Partnership743.5 Consultation Documents and Good Practice Guides 76
Part Four - Recommendations for Future Action
83References90
 
ICR - 07/04/2004
2
Executive Summary
This report reviews the scale and nature of racist harassment and violence in NorthernIreland as evidenced by a review and analysis of all the racist incidents recorded bythe police between 1996 and 2001. The report also reviews a range of policy and practice initiatives within the statutory, voluntary and community sectors that have been initiated to respond to the problem of racist harassment and violence.The framework for the research was on one hand the Stephen Lawrence Report published in 1999 and which made a series of recommendation in relation toreporting, recording and responding to racist violence. And on the other hand it was aresponse to the growing recognition of scale of the problem of racist harassment in Northern Ireland at a time when minority ethnic communities and organisations weregrowing in size and visibility.
Minority Ethnic Population
The report draws on material in the 2001 Census in relation to the size of the minorityethnic communities in Northern Ireland. It notes that the census data quantifies thesize of minority ethnic communities as 14,279, and while the size of many of thecommunities is similar to predictions, there remains a dispute over the size of theChinese community in Northern Ireland. The census also identifies a new ethniccategory the ‘mixed’ group, a category which had not previously been used and aboutwhich we know little.The 2001 Census also provides data on religious communities and on people not bornin the UK or Republic of Ireland and who thus raise the potential non-indigenous population to around 45,000 people. The Census thus provides some considerable dataon the minority ethnic population of Northern Ireland, but also raises a number of questions about the true scale and size of the various ethnic, religious and nationalcommunities.
Racist Incidents
The police have been recording racist incidents since 1996 when 41 such incidentswere recorded. By 1998 the figure had risen to 106 and it increased again in each of the next two years with 285 incidents being recorded in 2000. The figure dropped to222 in 2001. Although these numbers are relatively small, Northern Ireland has a highratio of racist incidents for the size of the minority ethnic population compared withEngland and Wales.It is suggested that there are a number of reasons for the increase in figures.1.
 
There has been a real increase in the number of racist incidents;2.
 
There has been an increase in the number of people being prepared to reportincidents to the police;3.
 
There have been improvements in the police systems of recording incidents thatare reported to them;

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