(Istanbul, 29 July 1841±Paris, 19 November 1925) was a Frenchmining engineer, director of mines, and management theorist, who developedindependent of the theory of Scientific Management, a general theory of businessadministration
also known as Fayolism. He was one of the most influentialcontributors to modern concepts of management.
Fayol was a key figure in the turn-of-the-century Classical School of management theory. Hesaw a manager's job as:
controlling performance Notice that most of these activities are very task-oriented, rather than people-oriented. This isvery likeTaylor and Scientific Management.Fayol laid down the following principles of organization (he called them principles of management):1.
ecialization of labor
. Specializing encourages continuous improvement in skills andthe development of improvements in methods.2.
. The right to give orders and the power to exact obedience.3.
. No slacking, bending of rules.4.
nity of command
. Each employee has one and only one boss.5.
nity of direction
. A single mind generates a single plan and all play their part in that plan.6.
bordination of Individ
. When at work, only work things should be pursued or thought about.7.
. Employees receive fair payment for services, not what the company canget away with.8.
. Consolidation of management functions. Decisions are made from thetop.9.
hain (line of a
. Formal chain of command running from top to bottomof the organization, like military10.
. All materials and personnel have a prescribed place, and they must remain there.11.
. Equality of treatment (but not necessarily identical treatment)12.
. Limited turnover of personnel. Lifetime employment for goodworkers.13.
. Thinking out a plan and do what it takes to make it happen.