(File Transfer Protocol) server. FTP allowsvisitors to download files either anony-mously (full public access) or via usernames and passwords. The FTP serviceincluded with IIS allows both (as do alldecent FTP servers), so you can set upsome downloads to be password pro-tected and others to be freely accessible.Then, of course, there’s the matter of designing and managing your site. If youown Microsoft FrontPage, you shouldconsider installing the FrontPage 2000Server Extensions. These will let yousave files directly to the Web site, elim-inating the need to transfer the files man-ually—a great help when it comes tomanaging the site. FrontPage 2000 Serv-er Extensions also lets you easily builddatabase dependent pages and otherdocuments based on advanced interac-tivity.Farther down the components list, you’llsee Visual InterDev RAD Remote Deploy-ment Support, but unless you’re con-sidering advanced applications devel-opment for your site using Visual Inter-Dev, you don’t need this. For now, let’sbypass it.All that remains is the documentation,which you may as well install, the Per-sonal Web Manager and the SMTP S e r-vice. Simple Mail Transport Pro t o c o lremains the dominant protocol for han-dling outgoing mail (P O P3 is dominantfor incoming mail), and you won’t needit unless you intend to establish yourown mail server. That is better done viat h i rd-party software (Microsoft ExchangeServer tends to be overkill for Intern e tmail only). That leaves the Personal We bM a n a g e r, which you should install toassist with configuration of your site.With all these components checked,click OK, then Next and watch Win 2000P rofessional install them.
CONFIGURING THE NEWE N V I RO N M E N T
Once you have the Internet servicesinstalled, you can access them thro u g hthe Administrative Tools application inthe Control Panel. You can also call themup via Start | Programs | AdministrativeTools, as long as you set the Ta s k b a rand Start Menu Properties dialog to dis-play them. (To do so, right click thetaskbar and choose Properties, then click the Advanced tab in the resulting dialog.Check the Display Administrative To o l sbox and click OK.) The admin tool you’lluse for IIS configuration is ComputerManagement, shown in Figure 3. Fro mh e re, open the Services and Applicationsa rea (by clicking on the plus sign to itsleft). Internet Information Servicesappears at the bottom of the list. Click on the plus sign to reveal its contents:Default FTP Site and Default Web Site.To configure the FTP service, right click on Default FTP Site and select Pro p e r-ties. The resulting dialog (Figure 4) letsyou configure the details. For the mostpart, you can leave the settings as theya re, although you may want to changethe directory where the FTP files re s i d e(click the Home Directory tab), and youmight consider restricting the users whocan access the FTP site. On the Securi-ty Accounts tab, you’ll see Allow Anony-mous Connections checked by default;this means that anyone on the Intern e tcan download from your FTP dire c t o r y .If you wish, you can uncheck this andthen add the names of account holdersor groups that are allowed access. Eachuser or group must be set up using theLocal Users and Groups area of the Com-puter Management configuration tool.Configuring the Web site is similar inthat you can leave most of the defaultsset (Figure 5). Check once again that theHome Directory tab points to the defaultd i rectory where you want to store yourWeb documents, and look under theDocuments tab to determine the nameof the default document (you may wantto add index.html, for example, as adefault). If you don’t want your Web sitepublicly accessible, click the Dire c t o r ySecurity tab and edit the perm i s s i o n s .As with FTP configuration, you’ll needto add Win 2000 user accounts for youremployees or clients should you disableanonymous access. Many other settingsa re available, but most of the default set-tings are fine until you determine yourspecific needs.
EMAIL, NEWS G RO U PS, TELNET ANDM O R E
Of course, there are Internet servicesbeyond FTP and the Web. The primaryone is email. As we mentioned earlier,one of the services available when select-ing the IIS components is S M T P, w h i c his basically one half of a fully usableemail service. As we mentioned above,SMTP is the main protocol used to sendmessages over the Net, but the vast major-ity of Windows-based email pro g r a m s
Figure 1: Scrolling through Windows Components lets you see the variousextra services you can install on your Win 2000 Professional SystemFigure 2: To set up your Internet Server, enter the IIS dialog and check the ser-vices that you will require.