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Windows 2000 Born to Serve

Windows 2000 Born to Serve

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Published by: chepimanca on Apr 11, 2010
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DECEMBER TUTOR
¢
 WINDOWS 2000
hat if you want to set up a peer-to-peer T C P / I Pnetwork, a We bs e r v e r, an F T Pserver or a mailserver without springing for thepricey Microsoft Windows 2000 Server?Can you opt for the less expensive Pro-fessional version if your needs just are n tthat demanding? Microsoft would likeyou to choose Windows 2000 Server, butWin 2000 Professional can actually per-f o rm a respectable amount of Web serv-ing. Win 2000 Professional ships withmany networking enhancements thata ren’t installed by default; by selective-ly adding them to the operating system,you can transform it into a capable We bs e r v e r.
 ADDING THE SERVER TO O L S
To see what’s available, call up the Con-t rol Panel and open the Add/RemoveP rograms applet. You’ll see three iconsdown the panel on the left: click the bot-tom one, Add/Remove Windows Com-ponents. This yields the Windows Com-ponents Wi z a rd, shown in Figure 1. Hereyou’ll find the components that Win 2000P rofessional does not install by default.You’ll need only a few of the availableoptions to turn your machine into a use-ful Web and Internet server, but it’s agood idea to click on each option andread the brief description in the bottomportion of the dialog box. If the Detailsbutton is available, click it to reveal a sub-menu.The primary component needed to turnyour machine into an Internet server isthe second on the list, Internet Infor-mation Services, more commonly knownas IIS. IIS is primarily a World Wide We bserver—that is, a software program thatsends Web information to outside users—but as youll see by clicking on the Detailsbutton, theres more to it than just that.In fact, the Web server is only one of several choices, as you can see in Fig-u re 2. We’ll look at them all, becauseyou’ll want to install the majority.The Common Files are re q u i red for theIIS Web Server component, and if yous c roll to the bottom of the list and check World Wide Web Server, Common Fileswill automatically be selected as well.So will the Internet Information ServicesSnap-In, an add-on that lets you admin-ister IIS from Win 2000 Pro f e s s i o n a l sM i c rosoft Management Console ( M M C ) .To g e t h e r, these three sub-componentslet you use Win 2000 Professional toserve a Web site with a full range of pages and features, one that you canmake as detailed and as professional asyou wish.But let’s not stop there. One great assetto any Internet or intranet site is an F T P
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 You don’t have to buy Wi n d ows 2000 server to set up a perfe c t ly decent We b, FTPor mail server—Wi n d ows 2000 Professional will do the job for you at a fraction of the cost. You’ll have to tweak the operating sy stem by adding some services not loadedby default, but our guide will take you through the pro ce s s .
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(File Transfer Protocol) server. FTP allowsvisitors to download files either anony-mously (full public access) or via usernames and passwords. The FTP serviceincluded with IIS allows both (as do alldecent FTP servers), so you can set upsome downloads to be password pro-tected and others to be freely accessible.Then, of course, there’s the matter of designing and managing your site. If youown Microsoft FrontPage, you shouldconsider installing the FrontPage 2000Server Extensions. These will let yousave files directly to the Web site, elim-inating the need to transfer the files man-ually—a great help when it comes tomanaging the site. FrontPage 2000 Serv-er Extensions also lets you easily builddatabase dependent pages and otherdocuments based on advanced interac-tivity.Farther down the components list, you’llsee Visual InterDev RAD Remote Deploy-ment Support, but unless you’re con-sidering advanced applications devel-opment for your site using Visual Inter-Dev, you dont need this. For now, let’sbypass it.All that remains is the documentation,which you may as well install, the Per-sonal Web Manager and the SMTP S e r-vice. Simple Mail Transport Pro t o c o lremains the dominant protocol for han-dling outgoing mail (P O P3 is dominantfor incoming mail), and you won’t needit unless you intend to establish yourown mail server. That is better done viat h i rd-party software (Microsoft ExchangeServer tends to be overkill for Intern e tmail only). That leaves the Personal We bM a n a g e r, which you should install toassist with configuration of your site.With all these components checked,click OK, then Next and watch Win 2000P rofessional install them.
CONFIGURING THE NEWE N V I RO N M E N T
Once you have the Internet servicesinstalled, you can access them thro u g hthe Administrative Tools application inthe Control Panel. You can also call themup via Start | Programs | AdministrativeTools, as long as you set the Ta s k b a rand Start Menu Properties dialog to dis-play them. (To do so, right click thetaskbar and choose Properties, then clicthe Advanced tab in the resulting dialog.Check the Display Administrative To o l sbox and click OK.) The admin tool youlluse for IIS configuration is ComputerManagement, shown in Figure 3. Fro mh e re, open the Services and Applicationsa rea (by clicking on the plus sign to itsleft). Internet Information Servicesappears at the bottom of the list. Click on the plus sign to reveal its contents:Default FTP Site and Default Web Site.To configure the FTP service, right click on Default FTP Site and select Pro p e r-ties. The resulting dialog (Figure 4) letsyou configure the details. For the mostpart, you can leave the settings as theya re, although you may want to changethe directory where the FTP files re s i d e(click the Home Directory tab), and youmight consider restricting the users whocan access the FTP site. On the Securi-ty Accounts tab, youll see Allow Anony-mous Connections checked by default;this means that anyone on the Intern e tcan download from your FTP dire c t o r y .If you wish, you can uncheck this andthen add the names of account holdersor groups that are allowed access. Eachuser or group must be set up using theLocal Users and Groups area of the Com-puter Management configuration tool.Configuring the Web site is similar inthat you can leave most of the defaultsset (Figure 5). Check once again that theHome Directory tab points to the defaultd i rectory where you want to store yourWeb documents, and look under theDocuments tab to determine the nameof the default document (you may wantto add index.html, for example, as adefault). If you dont want your Web sitepublicly accessible, click the Dire c t o r ySecurity tab and edit the perm i s s i o n s .As with FTP configuration, you’ll needto add Win 2000 user accounts for youremployees or clients should you disableanonymous access. Many other settingsa re available, but most of the default set-tings are fine until you determine yourspecific needs.
EMAIL, NEWS G RO U PS, TELNET ANDM O R E
Of course, there are Internet servicesbeyond FTP and the Web. The primaryone is email. As we mentioned earlier,one of the services available when select-ing the IIS components is S M T P, w h i c his basically one half of a fully usableemail service. As we mentioned above,SMTP is the main protocol used to sendmessages over the Net, but the vast major-ity of Windows-based email pro g r a m s
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Figure 1: Scrolling through Windows Components lets you see the variousextra services you can install on your Win 2000 Professional SystemFigure 2: To set up your Internet Server, enter the IIS dialog and check the ser-vices that you will require.

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