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Published by tigin

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Published by: tigin on May 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Introduction to the Building Balance Point
Reason for the Balance Point Test
The Building Balance Point Testwas developed to explore the thermal life of buildings, by determiningthe relationship between the internal heat production, buildingenvelope performance, occupant thermal demands and the climaticconditions.
Definition of the Building Balance Point
- The balance point is theoutdoor air temperature causing building heat gains to be dissipatedat a rate that creates a desired indoor air temperature.The strength of the balance point as a concept is in the way that itrelates all of the major energy flows within a building to each otherand to the overall fit of the building to its climate.In conducing the following study of
Kroch Library
, an undergroundstructure, the team sought to determine how this criticalposition(below the earth’s surface) would effect the building’sperformance.
How are underground buildings classified in modern HVAC terms—asinternally load dominated or as skin dominated?
Given Kroch Library’s physical condition it would seem to be aninternally load dominated building with a low balance point
Evaluation standardsLow balance point-
building needs constant cooling
internal load=
high internal gains, low skin loss
High balance point-
building desires heating as main concern
skin loaded=
heat transfer through the envelopeThis condition results in a building envelope with low skin losses anda low balance point temperature, therefore creating the need forconstant cooling. Whether or not the Kroch section is actually thistype will be analyzed in this study.
In determining the building balance point three aspects of the buildingare research through field verification and reference materials. Thethree areas include: heat transfer through the building envelope, heattransfer through glazing and building heat gain through occupancyloads.
- To develop a critique of the building’s energyflows and design
Information collected from numerous site visitsInformation collected through research
blueprints of the building for square footageblueprints of building details for material identificationmacros for calculating results via Excel

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