Jason DunhamEnglish 101
Oceans in Peril: Crisis of the modern lifestyle
Coral reefs are being threatened by human activity around the planet. “Experts say that asmuch as 60 to 75 percent of the world's coral reefs are in peril, threatened by blast ﬁshing,pollution, disease, and ocean warming” (
). Some of the worlds most threatenedcoral reefs are off the islands of the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Papua New Guineaand are also some of the most diverse with as many as 600 species of coral (
). MarkSpalding, a marine ecologist said that blast ﬁshing, particularly common in Southeast Asia,“turns reefs into ruble” (
) . The shockwave from the blast kills ﬁsh and tears apart reefs(
). Damage to coral reefs can have sever consequences such as reducing biodiversity,losing a natural barrier that protects islands from erosion, destroying valuable chemicals thatcould be important for ﬁghting diseases such as cancer, losing an important source of income forpoor people in developing countries that rely on ecotourism, and ﬁnally coral reefs are a monitorfor the health of ocean ecosystems. Saving the coral reefs will require a collaboration effortbetween scientists, economists, activists, and governments to access the regional value of coralreefs - both market and non-market values - to strengthen management efforts and effectivedecision making. Conduct research about the ways that humans interact with coral reefs andwhat the environmental and economical causes are. Finally research local conservation efforts todetermine there effectiveness of protecting the coral reefs, while still providing a reasonableamount of income for the local populations that rely on them.
Another important ecological issue that threatens the health of ocean ecosystems ispollution that is a direct result from cruise ships. Cruise ships have been described as “ﬂoatingcities” and there per capita population is worse than an actual city of the same size because of 1