Jessica HillisPage 15/15/2008Period 1
Pennies… How dense are they?
Purpose: In this activity, I will determine the density of the metal used in U.S.pennies minted since 1982. This value will be compared to known values pf densities inpublished table so that the metal used can be identified.Hypothesis: I think the penny is made out of zinc with a copper coating to make it look and feel like copper, because after a certain year, I know that the pennies were no longermade out of copper.Background: Density means the degree of compactness of an object. Density is anintensive property because it deals with intensity (pressure and temperature). An intensiveproperty is a fixed value of a substance no matter how much you have. After 1982, the USpennies began to be minted using approximately 99.2% zinc with a 0.8% copper coating.Before 1982, the pennies were made out of almost exactly the opposite (90% copper, 10%zinc).Materials:
20 pennies minted after 1982
Graduated cylinderProcedure:1. Counted out 20 pennies that were minted after 19822. Placed the pennies on a scale and weighed them all at once3. Placed the 20 pennies into a graduated cylinder4. Took the mass and volume discovered and divided the mass by the volume to findthe density.Observations:1. First, we noticed that all the pennies were minted before 19822. Then, we weighed the pennies all at once and found that the mass of the bunchwas 49.9 grams3. Then, we filled the graduated cylinder with water and tested the pennies volumeand got 7mL, which also equals 7 cm