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UNIT 5.Romantic Music

UNIT 5.Romantic Music

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Published by ieslasencinasmusica

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Published by: ieslasencinasmusica on Apr 12, 2010
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11/02/2012

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IESLasEncinas2ºdeESOProyectoBilingüe
 
UNIT 5: ROMANTIC MUSIC
 
1. INTRODUCTION2. VOCAL MUSIC3. INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC4. Musical nationalism in the middle of the 19
th
Century
1
 
IESLasEncinas2ºdeESOProyectoBilingüe
 
BASIC VOCABULAry
To abolish: abolir.Damper pedal: pedal sostenuto.To evolve: evolucionar.Filter: filtro.Frame: marco (arpa del piano).Hammer: martillo o macillo.Huge: inmensoTo evoke: evocar.To lead: llevar aMarriage: matrimonio.Mature: maduro.Poetry: poesía.Program music: música programática.Soft pedal: pedal izquierdo del piano.Sources: fuentes.Stanza: estrofa.Towards: hacia.To turn: volverse.Wide: ancho.2
 
IESLasEncinas2ºdeESOProyectoBilingüe
 
1. INTRODUCTION
Romantic music is a term referring to a particularperiodin Europeanmusic historyfrom about 1815 to 1910. Romanticism describes the expansion of formalstructures within a composition, making the pieces morepassionate and expressive. During this period composersturned their attention to the expression of intense feelingsin their music and were also influenced by technologicaladvances, including the development of the piano and thegreater projection of the instruments of thesymphonyorchestra.Some of the main characteristic of the Romantic era are:
 
Freedom in form and design; a more intense personal expression of emotion in whichfantasy and imagination play an important part.
 
Emphasis on lyrical, songlike melodies that are longer, dramatic and emotional. Temposare more extreme and
tempo rubato 
is common.
 
Denser textures exploring a wider range of pitch, dynamics and timbres.
 
Expansion of the orchestra, sometimes to huge proportions; the invention of the valvesystem leads to development of the brass section, whose weight and power oftendominate the texture.
 
Rich variety of types of piece, from songs and short piano pieces to huge musicalcompositions for orchestra.
 
Music has closer links with other arts. Frecuently composers are inspired by externalsources like poems or landscapes.
 
Greater technical virtuosity – especially from pianists and violinists.
 
Nationalism: reaction against German influences in music by composers of othercountries (especially Russia, Bohemia and Poland).3

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