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ANESTEZIA GENERALA

ANESTEZIA GENERALA

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Published by Leonard D
Chirurgie Caritas 2007/2008
Chirurgie Caritas 2007/2008

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Published by: Leonard D on May 15, 2008
Copyright:Public Domain

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07/14/2013

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ANESTEZIA GENERALAANESTEZIA GENERALA(NARCOZA)(NARCOZA)
Definitie :Definitie :
Metoda prin care se suprimaMetoda prin care se suprimatemporar perceperea senzatiei dureroase sautemporar perceperea senzatiei dureroase sautransmiterea excitatiei dureroase, printransmiterea excitatiei dureroase, prinintermediul anumitor substante ceintermediul anumitor substante ceactioneaza la nivelul celulelor nervoase dinactioneaza la nivelul celulelor nervoase dinSNC.SNC.
Se caracterizeaza prin: suprimareaSe caracterizeaza prin: suprimareaconstientei, a senzatiilor dureroase si aconstientei, a senzatiilor dureroase si areflexelor cu pastrarea functiilor vitalereflexelor cu pastrarea functiilor vitale(circulatia si respiratia)(circulatia si respiratia)
 
 
ANESTEZIA GENERALAANESTEZIA GENERALA
Cuprinde 4 etape :Cuprinde 4 etape :
1. Hipnoza1. Hipnoza
(pierderea constientei)(pierderea constientei)
2. Analgezia2. Analgezia
(disparitia senzatiei(disparitia senzatieidureroase)dureroase)
3. Relaxarea musculara3. Relaxarea musculara
(pierderea(pierdereatonusului muscular)tonusului muscular)
4. Actiunea antisoc.4. Actiunea antisoc.
Indicatiile metodei :Indicatiile metodei :
Interventii chirurgicaleInterventii chirurgicalepe cap, gat, torace, abdomen, membre.pe cap, gat, torace, abdomen, membre.
Materialele folosite :Materialele folosite :
Droguri care seDroguri care seadministreaza pe cale respiratorieadministreaza pe cale respiratorie(inhalatorie) si sangvina (intravenoasa).(inhalatorie) si sangvina (intravenoasa).
 
 
ANESTEZIA PRINANESTEZIA PRININHALATIEINHALATIE
Foloseste lichide volatile (Fluothan, Eter) si gazeFoloseste lichide volatile (Fluothan, Eter) si gaze(Protoxid de azot).(Protoxid de azot).
Anestezia generala cuprinde 4 faze:Anestezia generala cuprinde 4 faze:
Faza I ( analgezieFaza I ( analgezie
 
))
– dureaza de la inceputul anesteziei– dureaza de la inceputul anestezieipana la pierderea constientei, fiind caracterizata prin:pana la pierderea constientei, fiind caracterizata prin:- puls accelerat, TA ridicata, respiratie neregulata, pupile- puls accelerat, TA ridicata, respiratie neregulata, pupilecu diametrul normal.cu diametrul normal.
Faza II ( excitatie )Faza II ( excitatie )
– dureaza de la pierderea constientei– dureaza de la pierderea constienteila instalarea respiratiei regulate, fiind caracterizata prinla instalarea respiratiei regulate, fiind caracterizata prin::- pupile midriatice, tahicardie; bolnavul nu trebuie supus- pupile midriatice, tahicardie; bolnavul nu trebuie supusnici unui stimul, excitatiile nociceptive ducand la stopnici unui stimul, excitatiile nociceptive ducand la stopcardiac.cardiac.
Pot apare: spasm bronsic, glotic, aspiratiePot apare: spasm bronsic, glotic, aspiratiebronsica,bronsica,FiVentriculara.FiVentriculara.

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Cristina Bounegru added this note
Bravo, am inteles foarte bine desi nu am studii medicale!
Georgiana Lazar liked this
Corina Buga added this note
M-a ajutat sa inteleg mult mai bine..Multumesc!
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