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RIG BOOK

RIG BOOK

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Published by alibay4life

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Published by: alibay4life on Apr 12, 2010
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Eni Corporate University
Titolo:
LIBYA – DRILLING & COMPLETION ENGINEER
 
Codice corso:
RPWA004B
DRILLING RIGS
LIBYA ENABV TRAINING PROJECT
 
Edizione a cura di : 
Eni Corporate University 
 
COP
Y FOR DIDACTICAL USE
 
Cod.: IPE044-E-P-A01
EV 
.: 
 
001
DEL
 
10/11/2006 N.
TOT 
.
PAG 
.: 
 
463 
 
Libya ENABV Training Project Drilling Rigs 
Eni Corporate University 
2
INDEX
01. INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................9
 
1.1 DEFINITION ...........................................................................................................................9
 
1.2 RIG TYPES.............................................................................................................................9
 
02. ON-SHORE RIGS.....................................................................................................................10
 
2.1 DUTY....................................................................................................................................10
 
2.2 TYPES TRANSPORT..........................................................................................................11
 
- CONVENTIONAL RIG..........................................................................................................11
 
- FAST MOVING RIG .............................................................................................................12
 
- HELI-RIG..............................................................................................................................12
 
2.3 DRILLING RIG MAIN SYSTEMS..........................................................................................13
 
- HOISTING & ROTATION SYSTEM......................................................................................13
 
- POWER GENERATION SYSTEM........................................................................................13
 
- MUD CIRCULATING SYSTEM ............................................................................................14
 
- WELL CONTROL SYSTEM..................................................................................................14
 
03. RIG SITE ..................................................................................................................................15
 
3.1 RIG SITE ..............................................................................................................................15
 
- Dimensions and Safety.........................................................................................................15
 
- Lay-out Examples.................................................................................................................17
 
- Civil Works on Location........................................................................................................19
 
3.2 CELLAR DIMENSIONS........................................................................................................20
 
3.3 WASTE PIT DIMENSIONS...................................................................................................21
 
04. SUBSTRUCTURE....................................................................................................................22
 
4.1 FUNCTION...........................................................................................................................22
 
4.2 SUBSTRUCTURE LOAD and DIMENSIONS.......................................................................23
 
4.3 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................24
 
4.4 RIG UP SYSTEMS...............................................................................................................25
 
- SWING UP - PYRAMID........................................................................................................25
 
- SWING LIFT - BRANHAM....................................................................................................26
 
- SLING SHOT DRECO..........................................................................................................27
 
4.5 INSPECTIONS .....................................................................................................................27
 
05. DERRICK..................................................................................................................................28
 
5.1 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ......................................................................................................28
 
5.2 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................29
 
- DERRICK .............................................................................................................................29
 
- MAST....................................................................................................................................32
 
- RAM RIG..............................................................................................................................35
 
5.3 RIGGING UP........................................................................................................................37
 
5.4 DRILLING LOADS................................................................................................................42
 
- Calculation of Drilling Loads at Crown Block........................................................................42
 
- Definition of Gross Nominal Capacity...................................................................................45
 
5.5 INSPECTION........................................................................................................................46
 
06. DRAWWORKS.........................................................................................................................47
 
6.1 FUNCTION...........................................................................................................................47
 
6.2 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................48
 
6.3 MAIN SYSTEMS...................................................................................................................52
 
a - Main Drum.........................................................................................................................53
 
b - Catheads...........................................................................................................................53
 
c - Stationary Brake................................................................................................................54
 
d - Auxiliary brake / dynamic brake........................................................................................57
 
6.4 POWER CALCULATION......................................................................................................61
 
6.5 INSPECTIONS .....................................................................................................................61
 
07. CROWN BLOCK.......................................................................................................................62
 
7.1 FUNCTION...........................................................................................................................62
 
7.2 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................63
 
 
Libya ENABV Training Project Drilling Rigs 
Eni Corporate University 
37.3 INSPECTIONS .....................................................................................................................64
 
08. TRAVELLING BLOCK..............................................................................................................67
 
8.1 FUNCTION...........................................................................................................................67
 
8.2 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................67
 
8.3 INSPECTIONS .....................................................................................................................71
 
- Periodic inspections..............................................................................................................71
 
- Frequency of Periodic Inspections........................................................................................71
 
- API Recommended Practice 8B...........................................................................................72
 
- Dimensional Inspection ........................................................................................................73
 
- NDT Inspection.....................................................................................................................75
 
09. HOOK.......................................................................................................................................76
 
9.1 FUNCTION...........................................................................................................................76
 
9.2 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................77
 
Standard Hook........................................................................................................................77
 
Unitized Hook .........................................................................................................................79
 
Combination Travelling Block and Hook.................................................................................80
 
9.3 INSPECTIONS .....................................................................................................................81
 
- API Recommended Practice 8B...........................................................................................82
 
- Dimensional Inspection ........................................................................................................83
 
- NDT Inspection.....................................................................................................................85
 
10. DRILLING LINE........................................................................................................................87
 
10.1 DRILLING LINE STRUCTURE...........................................................................................87
 
10.2 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................................................90
 
10.3 DRILLING LINE REEVING.................................................................................................92
 
10.4 DEADLINE ANCHOR.........................................................................................................94
 
10.5 SAFETY FACTOR..............................................................................................................94
 
10.6 DRILLING LINE WEAR ......................................................................................................97
 
SLIP AND CUT TON-MILES CALCULATION ........................................................................97
 
SLIP AND CUT.....................................................................................................................102
 
11. POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS.......................................................................................106
 
11.1 TYPES OF POWER GENERATORS...............................................................................106
 
FOR MECHANICAL RIGS....................................................................................................106
 
FOR ELECTRIC RIGS..........................................................................................................109
 
12. DIESEL ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION SYSTEM.........................................................115
 
12.1 DIESEL ENGINES............................................................................................................115
 
12.2 POWER GENERATORS..................................................................................................117
 
- DC GENERATORS ............................................................................................................117
 
- AC GENERATORS ............................................................................................................119
 
12.3 DC ENGINES ...................................................................................................................122
 
12.4 AC ENGINES....................................................................................................................125
 
12.5 ENGINE CONTROLS.......................................................................................................126
 
- Current Control Panel.........................................................................................................126
 
- Driller Control Panel ...........................................................................................................128
 
12.6 SCR SYSTEM ..................................................................................................................129
 
13. PNEUMATIC SYSTEM...........................................................................................................131
 
13.1 FUNCTIONS.....................................................................................................................131
 
13.2 CHARACTERISTICS........................................................................................................133
 
13.3 APPLICATIONS................................................................................................................134
 
14. ROTARY TABLE & MASTER BUSHING...............................................................................135
 
14.1 FUNCTIONS.....................................................................................................................135
 
14.2 DIMENSIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS .......................................................................137
 
14.3 TYPES OF ROTARY TABLE............................................................................................140
 
14.4 TYPES OF MASTER BUSHINGS....................................................................................141
 
14.5 TYPES OF CASING BUSHINGS .....................................................................................143
 
15. KELLY & DRIVE BUSHING....................................................................................................144
 
15.1 FUNCTION AND TYPES..................................................................................................144
 

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