basic shelter needs but also speeds theemotional recovery of affected families.
In addition to its efforts to provide shelter,the Red Cross is seeking to mitigate theimpact of heavy rains through disasterpreparedness activities. These efforts,
which will benet approximately 300,000
people living in 120 at-risk settlements,include:
• Establishing early warning systems,
including alerts and evacuation routes.
• Training community members in rst
aid as well as basic search and rescueskills.
• Pre-positioning medicine and relief
supplies for 125,000 people.
• Replacing latrines with elevated toilets.• Digging new drainage ditches and
cleaning out existing ones.In preparation for the hurricane season,the Red Cross is also designingtemporary community structures, wherefamilies can seek shelter in a storm. Atother times, the facilities can be usedas community centers or temporaryeducational sites. The Red Cross aimsto build 300 of these structures in safeareas in future settlements.
F, W oh rlf im
At the same time the Red Cross ispreparing for a potential second wave
January 2010 Haiti eartHquake
Recognizing that tarps and tents are notenough to protect against hurricanesand other severe weather, the Red Crossis working toward providing enclosed,transitional shelters for 250,000 peoplecurrently living in settlements at risk for
catastrophic ooding. These shelters
are safe and robust and can be movedor extended by families where spaceand resources allow. An initial shipmentof building supplies for 1,000 sheltershas already arrived in Haiti, and enoughmaterials for an additional 5,000 shelterswill be delivered in coming weeks. Together,
these rst batches of materials will house
up to 30,000 people once constructed.Recently, the Red Cross began trainingearthquake survivors, as well as volunteersfrom the Haitian National Red CrossSociety, as carpenters who will go on totrain hundreds of others. Using materialsdonated by the American Red Cross andits partners, teams in each settlement willconstruct their community's transitionalshelters, which will give the residents newskills in addition to full ownership of thestructure and supplies.But without access to land it will not bepossible to build transitional shelters norwill it be easy to evacuate those living inmakeshift settlements whose tarps and
tents may become ooded during heavy
rains. In most cases, we must wait for theHaitian authorities to identify, approve andprepare the land before construction canbegin. Despite this persistent challenge,the Red Cross has been successful insecuring two sites for shelters in CiteSoleil, a neighborhood in Port-au-Prince.Soon, these sites will support 500 wood-framed shelters.Ultimately, the Red Cross plans to supportconstruction of 50,000 transitional sheltersin Leogane, Gressier and Jacmel asappropriate land there becomes available.The American Red Cross has contributed$43 million to the collective shelter effortand is exploring future opportunities tobuild permanent homes with earthquake-resistant construction techniques.In the meantime, to help families whosehomes were damaged but not destroyed,Red Cross teams continue to distributetools, timber and corrugated metal sheetsneeded to repair homes. Repairing theirhomes not only helps meet theirof disasters, distribution of essentialrelief items continues, with up to 5,000earthquake survivors receiving food,hygiene items and other supplies eachday. Teams from the American RedCross, Haitian National Red CrossSociety and eight other sister societieshave worked together to bring itemsincluding blankets, water containers,kitchen sets, mosquito nets, hygienekits, soap and detergent to 400,000people so far.Red Cross workers are also providing1.8 million liters of clean water eachday, totaling 60 million liters to date,to more than 118 locations throughoutPort-au-Prince, Leogane, Petit Goaveand Jacmel. This critical service reachesmore than 314,000 people each day.
Red Cross volunteers unload and distribute rice bags full of relief items for families now living insettlements near Centreville, a neighborhood in Port-au-Prince.
D a n i e l C i m a / A m e r i c a n R e d C r o s s
The American Red Crosshas provided 43 percent ofthe items distributed by theglobal Red Cross network in Haiti.Watch a behind-the-scenes videoof the RedCross relief distributions
during the rst few weeks of
the disaster response.